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Archive for February 21, 2011

Languages of Poor in The Diamond Kingdom – Scottish and Irish

The language heritage which both Irish & Scottish owns have lots of differences which makes them distinct from one another even though they are a beads of a single kingdom The UK where these spoken forms are treated as inferior.

There are a range of differences between the Scottish and the Irish. There are differences in the people themselves, their literature, their heritage, their food and their culture, to name just a few things. Both countries have left colorful marks on the pages of world history and are both qualified to be called ’great’ nations. Unfortunately Scotland and Ireland have never reached the status of other great nations such as England and Germany and tend to be lesser known.

You’re certainly already aware of their geography, and no doubt you know something of their histories, and their people. There is still one more thing you need to learn about the Scottish and Irish. You’ve heard the way they speak: their accent and intonation. Their “English” may have sounded indecipherable. That “English” however, just so you know, is their own language. It is one of the most remarkable languages in the whole world. It depicts both of the country’s deep culture and rich history. It is ancient yet it’s still living.

Gaelic is an adjective which means “pertaining to Gaels”. It includes its culture and language. If it is used as a noun, Gaelic would refer to a group of languages spoken by the Gaels. Gaels, by the way, are speakers of Goidelic Celtic languages. Although Goidelic speech originated in Ireland, it spread to Scotland long ago.

Scottish Gaelic, is still spoken actively in the northern most regions of Scotland. Some say that this language was first spoken in Argyll and was established way before the Roman Empire. But most people don’t know the exact period when the Scottish people first started to speak it. However, what is certain is that Scottish Gaelic spread across Scotland when the ancient province of Ulster was linked to Western Scotland during the 4th century. It was even made popular in the language of the Scottish church. By the 5th century, place name evidence showed that Gaelic was spoken in the Rhinns of Galloway. It was in the 15th century that Gaelic was known in English as Scottish. But after that, the highland and lowland boundary line started to emerge and Gaelic slowly lost its status as Scotland’s national language.

Irish Gaelic, on the other hand, is widely spoken on the western part of Ireland these days. In fact, you can see plenty of signage and street guides in Ireland that are written in two languages: English and Gaelic. It was taught to them by the fierce and conquering tribesmen known as Celts. However, sometime during the 8th century A.D., Ireland became the target of the Vikings. When the Vikings successfully conquered Ireland, a new set of language and learning was introduced. This marks the significant difference of the grammatical and phonetic aspects of both Scottish and Irish languages.

The root of Irish Gaelic is the same with the Scottish’. Irish or Erse, referring to the people, was once called Gaelic and was classified by the English conquerors as the lowest class of people. These people spoke Gaelic even when the Anglo-Saxons expected their language to slowly die. On and on the language evolved and it almost died, but a few Irish lads and lassies have kept it alive despite the odds. Now, about 60,000 people in Ireland can speak fluent Gaelic.

World News Headlines of February 21

Tunisia asks Saudi Arabia to extradite Ben Ali

Tunisia’s interim government on Sunday asked Saudi Arabia to extradite deposed strongman Zine El Abidine Ben Ali as it faced a second day of protests demanding its resignation. Prime Minister Mohamed Ghannouchi’s government made the official request to Riyadh, where Ben Ali fled on January 14 with his family after weeks of popular revolt…

Gaddafi’s son vows reform after violence

Rabat – A son of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi promised a programme of reforms on Sunday after bloody protests against his father’s rule reached the capital.

Qaddafi’s Son Warns of Civil War as Libyan Protests Widen

CAIRO — A five-day-old uprising in Libya took control of its second-largest city of Benghazi and spread for the first time to the capital of Tripoli late on Sunday as the heir-apparent son of its strongman, Col. Muammar el-Qaddafi, warned Libyans in a televised speech that their oil-rich country would fall into civil war and even renewed Western…

Abolish monarchy, chant Shia Muslims

BAHRAIN – Chanting, singing and waving roses, Bahrain’s Shia Muslims ran in their tens of thousands back into Pearl Square in the centre of Manama after two days of bloodshed as police and soldiers battled to keep them from the streets of the capital. The army tanks withdrew from the area – Bahrain’s version of Cairo’s Tahrir Square – in the…

Uganda president wins new term; opposition rejects

MAX DELANY Associated Press= KAMPALA, Uganda (AP) — Uganda’s longtime president has won another term, the country’s election commission said Sunday, but the top opposition leader alleged the election was fraudulent and vowed to reject the results. The electoral commission said Sunday that President Yoweri Museveni won 68 percent of votes in…

Palestinians rally over ‘despicable’ Obama UN veto

RAMALLAH, Palestinian Territories (AFP) – Around 3,000 Palestinians gathered in the West Bank city of Ramallah on Sunday to protest against the US veto that nixed a Security Council resolution on Israeli settlements. The crowd massed in Manara Square, a central traffic circle in the West Bank city, waving banners and shouting slogans against…

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Important Events on February 21

February 21: Washington’s Birthday/Presidents’ Day in the United States (2011); Family Day in various regions of Canada (2011); International Mother Language Day; Language Movement Day in Bangladesh

Kurt Eisner

  • 1245 – Thomas, the first known Bishop of Finland, was granted resignation by Pope Innocent IV after having confessed to torture and forgery.
  • 1543 – Battle of Wayna Daga: Led by the Emperor Galawdewos, the combined army of Ethiopian and Portuguese troops defeated a Muslim army led by Imam Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi.
  • 1919 – Bavarian socialist Kurt Eisner (pictured), who had organized the Socialist Revolution that overthrew the Wittelsbach monarchy and established Bavaria as a republic, was assassinated.
  • 1971 – The Convention on Psychotropic Substances, a United Nations treaty designed to control psychoactive drugs, was signed at a conference of plenipotentiaries in Vienna.

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