- 1633 – Samuel de Champlain reclaimed his role as commander of New France on behalf of Cardinal Richelieu.
- 1692 – Sarah Good, Sarah Osborne and Tituba were brought before local magistrates in Salem Village, Massachusetts, beginning the Salem witch trials.
- 1811 – Muhammad Ali Pasha (pictured), Wāli of the Ottoman province of Egypt, killed the leaders of the Mamluk Sultanate to seize power, founding a dynasty that would last until 1952.
- 1958 – Archbishop of Chicago Samuel Stritch was appointed Pro-Prefect of the Sacred Congregation for the Propagation of Faith, thus becoming the first American to head a dicastery of the Roman Curia.
- 2007 – Danish police forcibly evicted squatters from the Ungdomshuset in Copenhagen, prompting widespread rioting that would result in 690 arrests in three days.