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Archive for March 19, 2011

Bahrain stuck between Saudi Arabia and Iran

While protesters in Libya are attacked by armed insurgents the country is met with the UN resolution on no-fly zone and expanded sanctions. Bahrain’s security forces shoots down unarmed civilian demonstrators in the streets, breaks into private homes and have blocked the country’s largest hospital – where doctors cannot escape and patients cannot get in.

But still Bahrain’s brutal ruler Hamad al-Khalifa and his regime is not brought before the UN Security Council. Maybe it’s because this is a country that both the West and the Arab world need.

UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon has expressed his deepest concern for what is happening in Bahrain and EU and NATO has asked authorities in the country to refrain from violence and resolve problems in the country through political dialogue.

The attack on demonstrators in Manama and other cities Wednesday was extremely brutal and reminded of Kadhafis forces. 6 people were killed and hundreds must have been injured. But the most serious is the situation at Salmaniya Hospital in the capital Manama, Bahrain’s largest and most modern. For some reason, the authorities found that the staff of this hospital is the demonstrator’s supporters – and must be punished – in a manner that violates everything called human rights.

SECURITY FORCES, according to eyewitnesses from both Saudi Arabia and Bahrain surrounded the hospital as no patients were allowed to enter, however, doctors and nurses who have tried to move out to retrieve the wounded, gets beaten up. Medicines and medical supplies is needed and cry for help from hospitals from telephone alone says; “Why will not the world help us?”

Now, sick people, whether they are shot or are acutely ill, brought to smaller hospitals with equipment that in many cases is not good enough to take care of their injuries. The government cares little for so long as the world is most concerned with Kadhafi.

What makes Bahrain so special?

As a small island in the Persian Gulf, the island is strategically important to the oil-rich area. With growing criticism of the U.S. presence in Saudi Arabia, Bahrain has become more important and with such U.S. interests, the country has also importance in the NATO context. The Sunni Muslim King Hamad is a good ally of the West, so he has a far greater scope in terms of violence than less good friends. So it is just.

But Bahrain is also important for the Arab countries, not least for the six members of the Gulf Council GCC, in which Saudi Arabia plays the lead role. Golf Council cooperates politically, militarily and economically. In the geopolitical game is primarily one enemy you are interested in, and it is Iran.

Nearly 70% of the citizens of Bahrain’s Shiite Muslims, but Arabs . The possibility that they will team up with their Persian-Iranian co-religionists is small, but this argument is used as a pretext for the necessity of maintaining “stability” in Bahrain. Saudi Arabia has in principle a more urgent problem. The majority of the population in the oil-rich Al-Hasa province in eastern Saudi Arabia’s Shiite’s and the Saudi royal family fears a spillover effect from Bahrain. It is perhaps the main reason that the country Monday sent 1,000 soldiers to Bahrain to help the King Hamad to quell the revolt.

بھارت میں پشتون ولی کے خاتمے فہد حسین کی طرف سے

پختون ولی جو صرف اسلام کی طرح کسی بھی افغانستان کے لئے اس سے بھی اتنا ہی اہم ہے 1857 کے بعد سب سے زیادہ Rohilla پشتونوں کی شکست ہے جو Rohilla سلطنت کے طور پر اور سخت 1947 کے بعد شمالی بھارت کے بڑے بڑے علاقے راج کے بعد کا سامنا کرنا پڑا ہے. طرزعمل اور پٹھان کے لئے زندگی کا لائحہ عمل کا کوڈ دہائیوں کے ذریعے ایک مشق میں تیز کمی دیکھی ہے. جیسا کہ بھارت تقسیم اور بنیادی معلومات پاکستان اور بعض کے نو تشکیل ریاست گیا ہے ان کے آبائی علاقے میں واپس پناہ اسی کے خون کا باقی حصہ لیا ان کی ثقافت اور روایات جو ایک بار ملک ہے جہاں ان کے کوڈ کو قانون تھا حکومت کے ساتھ زندہ رہنے کے لئے جدوجہد کئی کے لئے اور جان لاکھوں کے لئے. ساتھ بدلتے وقت اور ایک سیاسی جائزہ روایات کے لئے مشکل کام کیے جب اس کے اثرات افغانستان کے صرف ایک پرانی شان کے ساتھ بائیں اقلیتی کا تعاقب کیا اور محب وطن وعدوں سے بچ. ساتھ ہی جین پول دوسرے مذہب اور کمیونٹیز کے ساتھ مل رہی انٹر تبدیل سماجی تبدیلی کی ساری نئی آسمان آتا ہے.

روایات اور اخلاق کی کمی : روایات اور مہمان نوازی ، محبت لوک رقص ، گانے اور دیگر ثقافتی سرگرمیوں کی طرح ، عدل و انصاف ، بخشش ، روایت پسند خصوصیات گئے زمانے اور کی طرف سے کے الفاظ تھے بچ گئے انٹر نسلی شادیوں کے ساتھ ملا کر لئے گئے تو. پھتون کوڈ جو افغان اور ان کے قبائل کے قوانین ہمیشہ کے لیے گم ہو گئے ، جیسا کہ نئی نسل میں مزید چھوٹے یا کوئی ان کے بلند کے عنوان اور عام طور پر نئی ہندوستانی سماج میں ان کی منظوری کے نقصان کے نتیجے میں والدین کی طرف سے منظور علم کے ساتھ رہ گئے تھے. پشتون میں جرگہ کے نقصان پر بھارت میں بائیں سے 1947 کے بعد کا م برائےمکمل روایتی گر. اتحاد و مساوات کا کوڈ کو اسلام کے طور پر کھو جنگ لڑی میں بھارت کو تقسیم کر دیا پھیر لیا اپنے سماجی ڈھانچے لکھ کر لگا کے واسطے سے سکولوں کے ساتھ متعدد جماعت اور نظریات میں یہ الگ کرنا.

Rohilla سلطنت کے تحت بھارت میں پختون ولی کے مراکز : جیسے شہروں لاہور ، رامپر ، میرٹھ ، لکھنؤ ، امروہہ ، سمنسل ، مجففرنگر ، شاہجہامپر ، سہارنپور ، دہلی ، آگرہ اور بہت سے بے شمار شہروں میں جہاں ایک بار پشتون حکومت اور نکھرا تھا افغان ثقافت کی چھوٹ گیا جس پختون ولی کی قبر پر بنائے گئے تھے. سب سے زیادہ نقصان جو افغانوں کا سامنا کرنا پڑا نقصان اور ان کی زبان پشتو کا کوئی فائدہ نہیں ہے جہاں ایک وقت میں پوری قوم پڑھتا ہے اور فخر اور شان کے ساتھ بولتے ہیں لیکن پشتو اب بھی سکھایا ہے جو کچھ اس میں اعلی تعلیم کی پیشکش اداروں کے متن کی کتابوں میں موجود تھا.

پٹھان معاشرے میں آج شاید ہی کوئی کوڈ یا مشہور بھارت میں بلایا خان ان کے طرز عمل کی آبائی کوڈ جو بھی ہے اب مکمل طور پر افغان معاشرے کے نام نہاد مغربی اثر و رسوخ کی دھول میں گم ہی امتوں کو یہاں بچ جانے والے کی طرف سے اپنی اقدار اور مذہب سے بڑھ کر ہے پیروی . خون کی لائن کے نقصان کے ساتھ بھارتی پٹھان اپنی روایات اور ہے پہلے ہی افغانستان میں جو ان پر پابندی کا افغانی میں یا پابندی میں جبکہ نسل پر بھارتی پٹھان کے طور پر ان کی بھارتی بائیں بلا صرف اسرائیل کہہ کے طور پر ممتاز سے الگ کی سنگین مستقبل کا سامنا ہے.

پختون ولی کا ورثہ ہے جو آج بھی بھارت میں موجود ہے :

ایک نظر اور روایتی گجل ، قوالی یا صوفی افغان پشتون کو دیسی موسیقی ، لوک رقص ، جمہور علماء کرام نے شاعری کا لطف کر سکتے ہیں. تاریخی افغانوں کی طرف سے تشکیل یادگاریں ابھی بھی یاد پورے بھارت اور احترام ہے جو سیاحوں کے لاکھوں ہر سال اپنی طرف متوجہ کے ساتھ برقرار کھڑے ہیں.

یہ حکم ہے جو صدیوں سے بھارت کی حکومت اب ہے کہ ہندوستانی تاریخ کا متن اس کھو سائے سے بچ جانے والے کی کتابوں میں ہی موجود تھے.

Decline of PASHTUNWALI in India by Fahad Hussain

Pashtunwali which is equally important for any Afghan just like Islam to him has suffered most after 1857 after the defeat of Rohilla Pashtuns who ruled the large swaths of North India as Rohilla Empire & drastically after 1947. The code of conduct & framework of life for pathans have seen a sharp decline in practise through decades. As India got divided & the basics gone to the newly formed state of Pakistan & some took shelter back into their ancestral vicinity the remaining part of the same blood struggles to survive with his culture & traditions which once ruled the nation where their code was the law for many & soul for millions. With the changing times & a political scenario the traditions were hard to carried out when effects of it overwhelmed the Afghan minority left with just a old glory to survive & the patriotic commitments. With the gene pool getting mixed with other religion & communities the inter change brings the whole new sky of sociological transformation.

Loss of Traditions & Code: Traditions & qualities like hospitality, love, justice, forgiveness, tradition like folk dance, songs & other cultural activities were the words of by gone era & if survived were got mixed with the inter ethnic marriages. The Pashtoon code which rules the Afghans & Their tribes were lost forever as the new generations were more left with little or no knowledge passed by their glorified parents resulting in the loss of titles & their acceptance in the new Indian society in general. After 1947 with the loss of Jirga in pashtuns left in India the complete traditional collapsed. The code of unity & equality fought the lost battle as the Islam in India took a divided turn segregating it into numerous jamats & ideologies with the countless schools of thought prescribing their own social structure.

Centers of Pashtunwali in India under Rohilla Empire: The cities like Bareilly, Rampur, Meerut, Lucknow, Amroha, Sambhal, Muzaffarnagar, Shahjahanpur, Saharanpur, Delhi, Agra & many countless towns where once Pashtuns had ruled & flourished were the deserts of Afghan culture which were created on the grave of Pashtunwali. The worst loss which the Afghans faced was the loss & no use of their language Pashto where at one time the whole nation reads & speaks with pride & glory though Pashto still taught which survives in the text books of some institutions offering higher studies in it.

Today hardly any code in Pathan society or famously in India called Khans follows their ancestral code of conduct which is even greater than their own values & religion from generations is now completely lost in the dirt of the so called western influence of the Afghan society surviving here. With the loss of the blood line the Indian pathans face grime future of their traditions & is already separated by Afghans who distinguish them as by saying Ban I Afghani or Ban I Isrial while calling their Indian left over generation simply as Indian Pathans.

Legacy of Pashtunwali which survives in India even today is:

One can see & enjoy traditional ghazals, qawwalis or sufi music indigenous to Afghan pashtuns, folk dance, poetry by the scholars. Historical monuments built by Afghans are still standing intact with care & respect across India which attracts millions of tourists each year.

The order which governed India for centuries is now only present in the Indian History text books surviving with its lost shadow.

World News Headlines of March 19

Obama gives ultimatum to Gaddafi, urging immediate cease-fire+

WASHINGTON, March 18 (AP) – (Kyodo)—U.S. President Barack Obama on Friday presented an effective ultimatum to embattled Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, calling for implementing a cease-fire immediately in line with a U.N. Security Council..

Libya conflict sees Britain accused of launching ‘new war’ in Middle East

Stop the War Coalition say airstrikes by UK and US will strengthen, not weaken Muammar Gaddafi’s position Labour MP John McDonnell has ‘grave and serious’ concerns over the use of force by western powers in the region. Photograph: Fiona Hanson/PA…

Militant Segrecide

The latest news and images of U.S. trained and armed Iraqi security forces using water cannons and batons to beat and disperse protesters and journalists, coupled with a new report from the Military Leadership Diversity Commission detailing how the United States military is too white and too…

Tibet poll ‘a vote for freedom’

IN an election battle that will determine the most powerful secular leader ever to head the world’s exiled Tibetan community, Lobsang Sangay has…

Libya announces immediate ceasefire

TRIPOLI ‘ Libya announced on Friday an immediate ceasefire in the month-long battle against rebels fighting to overthrow Muammar Gaddafi, saying it was complying with demands from the UN Security Council. ‘Libya has decided an immediate ceasefire and an immediate halt to all military operations,’ Foreign Minister Mussa Kussa said as a coalition of…

Yemeni Protesters Under Heavy Fire

SANA, Yemen — Security forces and government supporters opened fire on demonstrators on Friday as the largest protest so far in Yemen came under violent and sustained attack in the center of the capital, Sana. At least 26 people were killed and more than 100 injured, according to medical personnel at a makeshift hospital near the protest.

I didn’t authorise anyone to purchase votes: PM Manmohan

NEW DELHI: Clarifying his stand on the 2008 cash-for-vote scam, PM Manmohan Singh said he did not authorise…

Latest World News

 

Important Events on March 19

March 19: Purim begins at sunset (Judaism, 2011); Saint Joseph’s Day in Western Christianity; Father’s Day in various countries

Aircraft carrier USS Franklin being attacked

  • 1279 – The Song Dynasty in Imperial China ended with a victory by the Yuan Dynasty at the Battle of Yamen off the coast of Xinhui, Guangdong Province.
  • 1687 – The search for the mouth of the Mississippi River led by French explorer René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle ended with a mutiny and his murder in present-day Texas.
  • 1915 – Pluto was photographed for the first time, 15 years before it was officially discovered by Clyde Tombaugh at the Lowell Observatory.
  • 1945 – World War II: A single Japanese aircraft bombed the American aircraft carrier USS Franklin (pictured), killing over 700 of her crew and crippling the ship.
  • 1978 – In response to the Israeli invasion of Lebanon, the United Nations called on Israel to immediately withdraw its forces from Lebanon, and established the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon.

The Queen and Abdul: A friendship beyond boundaries

In the summer of 1887 as Queen Victoria approached the Golden Jubilee of her reign, she was overcome with feelings of loneliness. She had never stopped mourning for her beloved husband, Prince Albert, who had died in 1861, and had chosen to wear widow’s black all her life. As she looked ahead to the special occasion and the celebrations that loomed before her, the lonely Queen missed his presence more than ever.

The government was doing everything they could to make a unique show to celebrate the Jubilee and suggested to Queen Victoria that they should invite some Indian princes, who with their colorful clothes and expensive jewelers provide the necessary glamour to the occasion. The Queen liked the idea and at her Jubilee, her Empire would sparkle before the world. She also suggested that it would be good to have some Indian servants around her, to help when the Indian princes as well.

He arrived in England in June 1887, just three days before the start of the Jubilee celebrations. The Queen, then aged 68, had been a widow for 26 years. For a while, the empty space in her life left by the death of her beloved Albert in 1861, had been filled by John Brown who became her trusted companion. Their relationship was so close that there were rumours that they were lovers or had even secretly married and the Queen was dubbed ‘Mrs Brown’. But Brown died in 1883, leaving the Queen devastated and lonely once more. “I sat alone! Oh! Without my beloved husband,” she wrote mournfully of the Jubilee thanksgiving service. On the 3rd day of the celebrations, the Queen was introduced to her present from India-the well dressed young servants, one stout and smiley, the other one tall and handsome. The two immediately began to wait at the Queen’s table and Karim became the favourite as he impressed her with his dignified bearing and assisting her with everything.

The tall 24-year-old Karim was a clerk in Agra Jail and the smiling and portly Buksh was a seasoned table-hand who had worked for the Maharana of Dholpore. They arrived for the Jubilee, not knowing what to expect but from the day they kissed the Queen’s feet and began waiting on her, it was the young Karim who caught the Queen’s eye. In his diary, Karim wrote following on meeting Queen Victoria for the first time; “I was somewhat nervous at the approach of the Great Empress… I presented nazars (gifts) by exposing, in the palms of my hands, a gold mohar (coin) which Her Majesty touched and remitted as is the Indian custom.”
He was to become her closest companion for the last 13 years of her life, filling the void left by the death of her husband and, later, of her close friend, John Brown.

The curry King

One day Abdul Karim walked into the kitchen in Osborne House with the spice box that he had carried from India. He had decided to cook for the Queen. As the cooks stood amazed and watched, Karim was chopping, churning and grinding the masalas. The aroma of cloves, cinnamon, cardamom, cumin and nutmeg covered the room. Karim had prepared chicken curry, daal and a fragrant pilau. Soon after, Karim was stirring up exotic biryanis and dum pukht, dishes from the Mughal kitchen while Korma’s would simmer in the cast iron pots and ground almonds and cream laced the rich curries. For the first time in her life, Queen Victoria was introduced to the taste and smell of India. She described it as “excellent” and ordered the curries to be made regularly.

The rise of Abdul Karim

11th August 1888, the Queen noted in her journal: “I am making arrangements to appoint Abdul as munshi (teacher) as I think it was a mistake to bring him over as a servant to wait at table, a thing he had never done, having been a clerk or munshi in his own country and being of a rather different class then others. Karim had also told her that he was unhappy with his position as a table hand and that he wanted to return to India since it was a demanding job. The Queen immidiatly decided to raise his rank and make him stay: “He (Abdul) was anxious to return to India, not feeling happy under the existing circumstances. On the other hand, I particularly wish to retain his services, as he helps me studying Hindustani which interests me very much and he is very intelligent and useful.”


Karim from Agra charmed the Queen with his stories of India and even served the Queen her first curry. Always fascinated by India, her “Jewel in the Crown” and the country she ruled from thousands of miles away, the Queen chose Karim to learn about India. Soon he became her Urdu teacher, giving her lessons every evening. He read to her the poetry of Ghalib and she used to walk around with a phrase-book of Hindustani words. While Buksh remained waiting at tables, Karim was promoted and soon became noticeably close to the Queen. She tended to him personally if he fell ill and fussed about his comfort and well-being.Within a year, Karim was promoted as the Queen’s Indian Secretary and given the grand title of Munshi Hafiz Abdul Karim. She commissioned portraits of him to be painted by Rudolph Swoboda and Von Angeli, and all photos of him waiting at table was destroyed. He was also given houses in Balmoral, Windsor and Osborne and allowed to use the billiard’s room with the other gentlemen of the Household. He accompanied her on her European holidays and soon the pair was inseparable.

At every step the Queen honoured him with titles and medals and gave him the CIE and the MVO, one step away from a Knighthood. Even Karim’s father, Haji Wuzeeruddin, was given the title of Khan Bahadur and he became the first person to be allowed to smoke a hukkah (water-pipe) in Windsor Castle.

The Queen as student

The Queen wanted to kearn Hindustani and asked Karim to teach her and he proved to be a serious teacher and a hard task master. He began with teaching her a few words every day. He also made a phrase book for her and soon the Queen would carry this red and golden book with her everywhere. Karim would write a line in Urdu, followed by a line in English and then a line in Urdu in roman script and the Queen would copy these. A few weeks later an exited Queen noted in her journal: “I am learning a few words of Hindustani to speak with my servants. It is great interest to me for both the language and the people. I have naturally never come into real contact with before.”

Karim as clever as he was, helped the Queen with her correspondence and advised her on Indian politics. The Queen would often write to the Viceroy of India and demanding answers of some issues that were raised by Karim but it became more than the Household could bear. Once the Household threatened to resign collectively if the Queen took Karim on her European vacations, but the Queen in an instant rage swept everything she had on her desk on to the floor. Photos, files, ink-pots and boxes, everything fell on to the floor when the Queen heard about the threat. The Queen won the argument and Karim was accompanying the Queen to Europe and the Household did not resign but they didn’t stop plotting against Karim as they involved the Prince of Wales. No matter what the Queen heard about Karim, she would not accept anything and stood by him like a rock defending him to the last.

The Queens death – An end of the fairy tale

The close friendship created much rumours at the castle among the Household who would now gossip. When they continued to maligning Karim, the Queen announced them as racists and sent them message on how to behave. In frustration, the Household declared that the Queen wasn’t sane and threatened that the Prince of Wales would step in as people believed that she was losing her sanity. While the world watched the Jubilee with all its glory in 1897, the Palace was torn apart by intrigue, jealousy and threats to resign because of Karim.

The 81 year old Victoria had died peacefully in her sleep in the year of 1901. She was now dressed according to her wishes for the final journey to Windsor. The procession filed past her son and heir Edward VII and his wife Queen Alexandra together with the Queen’s children, grand children and with a collection of her most trusted servants and Household members. Each stood for a few minutes before the coffin to pay their respects. The King then allowed Karim to enter the Queen’s bedroom making him the last person to see her body alone as he knew about his mothers wishes. Karim entered the room with his head bowed dressed in a dark Indian tunic and turban. As he looked at the Queen’s face that was glowing from the lights of the candles, thoughts raced through his mind. Their first meeting in the summer of 1887, the lazy days they spent together as he taught her his language and described his country, the gossips they shared, her generosity towards him and her loneliness that he understood. He stood silently as he was fighting back the tears; his lips moved saying a silent prayer to Allah to rest her soul. After a final look at her, he left the room silently.

Early one cold, February morning in 1901, the inhabitants of a cottage on the Windsor Castle estate were startled by a loud banging at the door. Tired and dazed, the head of the household, Abdul Karim, opened the front door to find a group of guards standing outside. They were accompanied by Queen Alexandra, wife of the new king, Edward VII, and by Princess Beatrice, youngest daughter of the late Queen Victoria. It was on King Edward’s orders that the house was raided only days before, Abdul Karim had been given a prominent place in Queen Victoria’s funeral procession which aroused the disgust of her family.

Now, much to his astonishment, the guards were ordering him to hand over every letter, note and memo that the late Queen had sent him over the 13 years he had served her. She had written him many letters, sometimes several a day and often signing them ‘Your affectionate Mother and Karim had treasured them. Now the new King wanted to destroy them. A bonfire was started outside the cottage and Karim watched in horror as the drawers were turned upside down.

Abdul Karim, the man that the Queen had called her “dearest Munshi” (teacher) stood and watched in silence as every piece of paper bearing the Queens handwriting was thrown into the fire. All the answers lay in the letters that was cracking in the fire telling the story of a young man who had arrived to Britain 13 years ago as a waiter and had risen t become the Queen’s closest companion and was treated like a son rather than a servant. The Munshi and his family were then ordered to pack their bags and leave for India immediately. The fairy-tale had ended and 8 years later, Karim died heart-broken in Agra. He was only 46.

Abdul Karim’s descendants left for Pakistan when the country was partitioned in 1947, leaving behind all the land and exquisite gifts given to Abdul Karim by Queen Victoria and other European royalty. Only a diary and a few memorabilia survived. A lonely grave in Agra, some portraits in Osborne House, the Hindustani journals they wrote for 13 years, and a house that bears his name in Balmoral, are all that remain today of the Queen’s closes confidant. Yet the story would not manage to be erased from the history books.

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