The Red Wrath The Red Wrath The Red Wrath
Archive for the ‘Geography’ Category
22/07/11 – Oslo Bomb Blast which rocked the Norwegian capital today killed 93 people and injured several.
Armed For The Quill and on behalf of all our members / colleagues we condemn this heinous and in humane act of terrorism which devastated the land of Nobel peace which has always work for and speak for peace. Armed For The Quill is standing with the peaceful and innocent people of Norway in the times of their un-expected sorrows and moments of grievances.
AFTQ ask for support and help for the Norwegian people and seeks international community to bring those who are behind this act against humanity and want them to bring to trail.
Independent from British colonial rule in 1966, the kingdom of Lesotho was used to be trouble state where just like rest of Africa the power struggle leads into the greed of politicians & affects innocent citizens. Gripped in the variety of law codes which decides the fate of the people of Lesotho who are by origin are from Buntu descent results of the early Buntu migrations who got settled down in this hilly country. Lesotho is the highest ground level in the world making it the only country who’s even the lowest point from the sea level is 1455mtrs above. It is sovereign state with constitutional Monarchy or parliamentary monarchy system where King has no public role with its capital at Maseru. Surrounded on all sides by South Africa; It has the healthiest sex ration in Africa where for 100 women there are 95 men. After the introduction of a proper constitution & democratic system in 1998 the condition of women has been lifted on a very wide scale. The involvement has reached at such a stage that now women shares equal number of ministries, public servants positions, Army ranks, in Lesotho political & public structure. The literacy rate of 95% among women & 75% literacy rate among men which is the highest in Africa & one of the highest in the world makes women more advantageous & opportunistic. This situation has now completely transformed the family per capita tally where in Lesotho there are more women earning members than men now. Now women are serving in every field where in early years men used to dominate.
Concerns: As per UNAID 2009 report Lesotho has the world’s highest number of HIV/AIDS infected people where in every 4 women are infected out of 5 & the same of men as well. With the non availability of hygienic & proper medical facilities in the kingdom & poor sanitation & high poverty levels make Lesotho more vulnerable to the highest infant mortality rate in the world & the lowest life expectancy due to highest number of HIV/AIDS infected people which counts for Men 45 years & same for Women 45years too. The ration of doctors / physicians is 5: 10000
It is among the poorest countries in the world & majority of population lives below poverty line. 75% of the population is rural & 25% is Urban. Population growth rate is 0.13% with a total GDP of 2.13billion USD.
After World War II the shadow of another possible war now looming over the sky which if comes into picture the enemy at the gates will bang it will full lightening; the name of that shadow was Cold War era which started immediately after the much daunted D-Day. The fear of Soviet invasion was irresistible as after the war more than half of the Europe was under communist control & influence. So the Western European countries of UK, France, Belgium, the Netherlands & Luxembourg signed the Treaty of Brussels on 17th March 1948 which is considered as the precursor of NATO. But in order to counter balance the power of Soviet Union participation of US was necessary, so the talks to form new alliance started immediately after it. These talks resulted into the formation of North Atlantic Treaty Organisation on 4th April 1949 with the signing of North Atlantic Treaty in Washington D.C which increased the horizon of a complete military alliance including the members of Treaty of Brussels & new members the US, Canada, Italy, Iceland, Portugal, Norway & Denmark with its headquarters based in Belgium with its Parliament General Assembly which meets at an Annual Session. But the first few years of its formation were full of crisis as the influence of US was a major concern in the organisation which resulted into French withdrawal from NATO & development of French nuclear deterrent. With the start of Korean War NATO galvanised its military structure under the command of US Marines. However after the formation of Warsaw Pact by the Eastern Bloc, NATO started developing its standardization program for its arsenal systems. The reason for its non involvement in Falkland War was that since its formation & as its name suggest that NATO always want to limit itself above the Tropic of Cancer so, since the southern hemisphere is not under its operational limit NATO kept itself out of that.
Post Cold War: After the collapse of USSR & the German reunification in 1990 NATO has increased its member states & limits which has now crossed the borders after the Prague summit of 2002 held for the first time in the Eastern Bloc country which enlarged its horizon by including Albania, Croatia, Poland, Latvia, Romania, Hungary, Estonia, Mauritania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Lithuania has been brought under the NATO umbrella while Ukraine & Georgia were told that they will be included as a prominent members. The inclusion of these states irked Russia who has now threatened NATO of withdrawing from CTE which was signed between RUSSIA & NATO as a peace agreement due to the posting of US anti missile defence system which as per Russia’s concern will trigger a new arms race in the region. The first NATO intervention was in 1995 bombings of Bosnia & Herzegovina and in 1999 bombing of Yugoslavia. With the inclusion of Turkey, Spain & Greece NATO now controls almost all the bordering points with Russia.
Post 9/11 Terror Attacks: caused NATO to invoke Article 5 of the NATO Charter for the first time in its history. The Article says that an attack on any member shall be considered to be an attack on all with invocation of its Article 5 NATO invaded Afghanistan in 2001 & consequently invading Iraq in 2002 under its military force command of International Security Assistance Force (ISAF).
Groups under NATO:
EURO – Atlantic Partnership,
Individual Partnership Action Plans,
2008-2009 Recession: NATO which has 70% of total world’s defence budget announced huge budget cuts due to the economic meltdown in the majority stake holding countries of US & Western Europe Which accounts 43% by the US alone & the 15% by UK, France & Germany.
Future Enlargement plans of NATO are for Asia to confront China’s rise & the nuclear crisis of North Korea, Iran, Burma, Pakistan & Syria.
Approximately 71% of the Earth’s surface is covered by ocean, a continuous body of water that is customarily divided into several principal oceans and smaller seas.
More than half of this area is over 3,000 metres (9,800 ft) deep. Average oceanic salinity is around 35 parts per thousand (‰) (3.5%), and nearly all seawater has a salinity in the range of 30 to 38 ‰. Scientists estimate that 230,000 marine species are currently known, but the total could be up to 10 times that number.
The major oceanic divisions are defined in part by the continents, various archipelagos, and other criteria. These divisions are (in descending order of size):
- Pacific Ocean, which separates Asia and Australia from the Americas
- Atlantic Ocean, which separates the Americas from Eurasia and Africa
- Indian Ocean, which washes upon southern Asia and separates Africa and Australia
- Antarctic Ocean, sometimes considered an extension of the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans, which encircles Antarctica.
- Arctic Ocean, sometimes considered a sea of the Atlantic, which covers much of the Arctic and washes upon northern North America and Eurasia.
The Pacific and Atlantic may be further subdivided by the equator into northern and southern portions. Smaller regions of the oceans are called seas, gulfs, bays, straits and other names.
Geologically, an ocean is an area of oceanic crust covered by water. Oceanic crust is the thin layer of solidified volcanic basalt that covers the Earth’s mantle. Continental crust is thicker but less dense. From this perspective, the earth has three oceans: the World Ocean, the Caspian Sea, and Black Sea. The Mediterranean Sea is at times a discrete ocean, because tectonic plate movement has repeatedly broken its connection to the World Ocean through the Strait of Gibraltar. The Black Sea is connected to the Mediterranean through the Bosporus, but the Bosporus is a natural canal cut through continental rock some 7,000 years ago, rather than a piece of oceanic sea floor like the Strait of Gibraltar.
Lack of clean water
Almost 50% of the developing world’s population; 2.5 billion people lacks improved sanitation facilities, and over 884 million people still use unsafe drinking water sources. Inadequate access to safe water and sanitation services, coupled with poor hygiene practices, kills and sickens thousands of children every day, and leads to impoverishment and diminished opportunities for thousands more.
Poor sanitation, water and hygiene have many other serious repercussions. Children – and particularly girls – are denied their right to education because their schools lack private and decent sanitation facilities. Women are forced to spend large parts of their day fetching water. Poor farmers and wage earners are less productive due to illness, health systems are overwhelmed and national economies suffer. Without WASH (water, sanitation and hygiene), sustainable development is impossible.
Source; UNICEF, July 2010
Facts about water
Today’s water crisis is not an issue of scarcity, but of access. More people in the world own cell phones than have access to a toilet. And as cities and slums grow at increasing rates, the situation worsens. Every day, lack of access to clean water and sanitation kills thousands, leaving others with reduced quality of life.
- 884 million people lack access to safe water supplies; approximately one in eight people.
- 3.575 million People die each year from water-related disease.
- The water and sanitation crisis claims more lives through disease than any war claims through guns.
- People living in the slums often pay 5-10 times more per liter of water than wealthy people living in the same city.
- An American taking a five-minute shower uses more water than a typical person in a developing country slum uses in a whole day.
- Only 62% of the world’s population has access to improved sanitation – defined as a sanitation facility that ensures hygienic separation of human excreta from human contact.
- Lack of sanitation is the world’s biggest cause of infection.
- 2.5 billion People lack access to improved sanitation, including 1.2 billion people who have no facilities at all.
- Of the 60 million people added to the world’s towns and cities every year, most occupy impoverished slums and shanty-towns with no sanitation facilities.
- Diarrhea remains in the second leading cause of death among children under five globally. Nearly one in five child deaths – about 1.5 million each year – is due to diarrhea. It kills more young children than AIDS, malaria and measles combined.
- Every 20 seconds, a child dies from a water-related disease.
- Diarrhea is more prevalent in the developing world due, in large part, to the lack of safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene, as well as poorer overall health and nutritional status.
- Children in poor environments often carry 1,000 parasitic worms in their bodies at any time.
- In the developing world, 24,000 children under the age of five die every day from preventable causes like diarrhea contracted from unclean water.
- 1.4 million Children die as a result of diarrhea each year.
- In just one day, more than 200 million hours of women’s time is consumed for the most basic of human needs — collecting water for domestic use.
- This lost productivity is greater than the combined number of hours worked in a week by employees at Wal*Mart, United Parcel Service, McDonald’s, IBM, Target, and Kroger, according to Gary White, co-founder of Water.org.
- Millions of women and children spend several hours a day collecting water from distant, often polluted sources.
- A study by the International Water and Sanitation Centre (IRC) of community water and sanitation projects in 88 communities found that projects designed and run with the full participation of women are more sustainable and effective than those that do not. This supports an earlier World Bank study that found that women’s participation was strongly associated with water and sanitation project effectiveness.
- At any given time, half of the world’s hospital beds are occupied by patients suffering from diseases associated with lack of access to safe drinking water, inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene.
- The majority of the illness in the world is caused by fecal matter.
- Almost one-tenth of the global disease burden could be prevented by improving water supply, sanitation, hygiene and management of water resources. Such improvements reduce child mortality and improve health and nutritional status in a sustainable way.
- 88% of cases of diarrhea worldwide are attributable to unsafe water, inadequate sanitation or insufficient hygiene.
- 90% of all deaths caused by diarrheal diseases are children under 5 years of age, mostly in developing countries.
- It is estimated that improved sanitation facilities could reduce diarrhea-related deaths in young children by more than one-third. If hygiene promotion is added, such as teaching proper hand washing, deaths could be reduced by two thirds. It would also help accelerate economic and social development in countries where sanitation is a major cause of lost work and school days because of illness.
- Over 50 % of all water projects fail and less than five percent of projects are visited, and far less than one percent have any longer-term monitoring.
- Investment in safe drinking water and sanitation contributes to economic growth. For each $1 invested, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates returns of $3 – $34, depending on the region and technology.
- Almost two in every three people who need safe drinking water survive on less than $2 a day and one in three on less than $1 a day.
- Households, not public agencies, often make the largest investment in basic sanitation, with the ratio of household to government investment typically 10 to 1.
- Investment in drinking-water and sanitation would result in 272 million more school attendance days a year. The value of deaths averted, based on discounted future earnings, would amount to US$ 3.6 billion a year.
- Less than 1% of the world’s fresh water (or about 0.007% of all water on earth) is readily accessible for direct human use.
- More than 80% of sewage in developing countries is discharged untreated, polluting rivers, lakes and coastal areas.
- The UN estimates that by 2025, forty-eight nations, with combined population of 2.8 billion, will face freshwater “stress” or “scarcity”. Our Water.org High School Curriculum
- Agriculture is the largest consumer of freshwater by far: about 70% of all freshwater withdrawals go to irrigated agriculture.
- At home the average American uses between 100 and 175 gallons of water a day. That is less than 25 years ago, but it does not include the amount of water used to feed and clothe us.
- Conserving water helps not only to preserve irreplaceable natural resources, but also to reduce the strain on urban wastewater management systems. Wastewater is costly to treat, and requires continuous investment to ensure that the water we return to our waterways is as clean as possible.
After introducing the economic reforms Indian has now came places. India now not only rose to a respected position on world platform but her economic boom & large population is also contributing to other countries growth story. Here are the few facts about India. Though after all this boom & applause India still remains a very poor country with increasing in equality, inflation & corruption damaging India’s repo as rising soft world power.
Facts about India:
$ 3.548 trillion GDP
India is the third richest country in Asia having $ 3.548 trillion GDP compared on Purchasing Power Parity. GDP per capita of India is $ 3, 1000 with growing population. India is the third wealthiest nation of Asia having a fastest growing economy which is progressing at a rate of 7% per year. 4th in the World after US, China & Japan.
3,165,596 Sq Kms
Is the Land Area of India making her a 7th largest country in the world & 2nd largest country in Asia.
2.67 million bbl/day Oil consumption
Even though India meet her 30% of oil consumption from her domestic oil blocks but the rest difference made her the fourth largest consumer of OIL & GAS this has lead in a huge investments on foreign exploration by Indian Oil & Gas giants. India consuming oil at 2.67 million bbl/day. The combination of oil consumption and relatively flat production has left India increasingly dependent on imports to meet its petroleum demand. In terms of oil use, transportation is the largest sector with highest consumption.
256 million tonnes per annum increasing by 45% annually
India is also the world’s biggest oil refiner with refining all daily raw crude of the Gulf Region & of its own. & host of a world biggest oil refining complex in Jamnagar – Gujarat.
1trillion US Dollars defence imports for next five year
As per Stockholm International Peace Research Institute India is the biggest buyer of arms in the world making a staggering 1 trillion US Dollars of purchase budget for arms imports.
40million tonnes of wheat, 30million tonnes of oil seeds
Is the consumption which requires satisfying the population hunger of India as per UPI Asia estimates? Even though India is in some respect is self sufficient in agricultural production but as the population grows India is now looking to satisfy her hunger through imports last year India imports 5 million tons of wheat & another 7% more oil seeds, even after the bumper crop India have to import other food items respectively. India also supports the largest cattle population in the world making India self sufficient in meat & dairy products supporting the 2nd most populated country in the world with figures going more than 1.2 billion people.
Is the length of Indian Railway network which is the fourth largest in the world carrying 25million passengers & 2.5million tons of freight daily & employing 1.6million people which makes it the largest employer of the world.
3.314 million Kilometres
Is the total length of India’s road network positioning at the worlds third largest. India has the world’s highest road density.
Are mobile phone users making India the world’s fastest growing wireless market & positioning India at 3rd place in the world’s list of mobile phone subscribers?
India is the home of the World’s largest ship breaking yard which employees more than 500000 people & breaks almost all the retired shipping vessels of the world. It also houses the one of the world’s largest shipping industry also.
India has now become a second country after US who has launched mission on moon successfully. This has made India a global hub for space technology & aero space engineering which is not only efficient but also cheapest in the world.
Nearly 70% of the information technology & software development & research is done in India making it a largest silicon valley hub of the world.
India has become outsourcing power & centre of the world as almost all the outsourcing in all services being sourced from here. Indian economy before 1990 was agriculture driven economy but now India is a service driven economy transforming her into a technology power house & synonymously tagging a Soft Power Tag.
Almost 70% of the world’s nanotechnology, biotechnological need is being researched & sourced from India.
Pharmaceutical sector is another which is now advancing with enormous pace making it one of the biggest pharma sectors in the world.
After China, India has the world’s highest density of cars where almost every car maker has its manufacturing facility specially designed for meeting Indian demand & also for export purposes. In Delhi alone 1200 cars are sold every day & another 1000 add on the road making Delhi 2nd most polluted city after Beijing as per WHO report. Resulting in a huge traffic jams & increased numbers of road accidents.
India is the largest consumer of Palm Oil in the world 80% of the Palm Oil produced annually in the world is consumed by India.
India is the largest consumer of Gold & Silver in the world where nearly 68% of the total production is consumed by the Indians only.
India is the hub of the world’s largest diamond cutting industry where 9 out of 10 diamonds in the world are cut in India.
Indian is the largest producer of Mica in the world, India has huge reserves of coal, iron ore, bauxite, uranium, titanium, thorium, zinc, copper, silver, gold, limestone, bronze, precious stones, granite, marble which rank India in the top five. India also has proven sufficient reserves of natural gas, oil, shale gas.