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The Red Wrath on Ask David

The Red Wrath The Red Wrath The Red Wrath

My words and my answer to those who hate me

I am a brave person with a power of confidence and knowledge who have always accepted risk in his life and I have enjoyed standing against extremism. Do what you want to do, do whatever you can do. I am a lion whose nature is to die like a soldier and live like a leader.

Blast rocked the Norwegian Capital – A Capital for Peace and Harmony

22/07/11 – Oslo Bomb Blast which rocked the Norwegian capital today killed 93 people and injured several.

Armed For The Quill and on behalf of all our members / colleagues we condemn this heinous and in humane act of terrorism which devastated the land of Nobel peace which has always work for and speak for peace. Armed For The Quill is standing with the peaceful and innocent people of Norway in the times of their un-expected sorrows and moments of grievances.

AFTQ ask for support and help for the Norwegian people and seeks international community to bring those who are behind this act against humanity and want them to bring to trail.

Lesotho – A country of Women Upliftment

Independent from British colonial rule in 1966, the kingdom of Lesotho was used to be trouble state where just like rest of Africa the power struggle leads into the greed of politicians & affects innocent citizens. Gripped in the variety of law codes which decides the fate of the people of Lesotho who are by origin are from Buntu descent results of the early Buntu migrations who got settled down in this hilly country. Lesotho is the highest ground level in the world making it the only country who’s even the lowest point from the sea level is 1455mtrs above. It is sovereign state with constitutional Monarchy or parliamentary monarchy system where King has no public role with its capital at Maseru. Surrounded on all sides by South Africa; It has the healthiest sex ration in Africa where for 100 women there are 95 men. After the introduction of a proper constitution & democratic system in 1998 the condition of women has been lifted on a very wide scale. The involvement has reached at such a stage that now women shares equal number of ministries, public servants positions, Army ranks, in Lesotho political & public structure. The literacy rate of 95% among women & 75% literacy rate among men which is the highest in Africa & one of the highest in the world makes women more advantageous & opportunistic. This situation has now completely transformed the family per capita tally where in Lesotho there are more women earning members than men now.  Now women are serving in every field where in early years men used to dominate.

Concerns: As per UNAID 2009 report Lesotho has the world’s highest number of HIV/AIDS infected people where in every 4 women are infected out of 5 & the same of men as well. With the non availability of hygienic & proper medical facilities in the kingdom & poor sanitation & high poverty levels make Lesotho more vulnerable to the highest infant mortality rate in the world & the lowest life expectancy due to highest number of HIV/AIDS infected people which counts for Men 45 years & same for Women 45years too. The ration of doctors / physicians is 5: 10000

It is among the poorest countries in the world & majority of population lives below poverty line. 75% of the population is rural & 25% is Urban. Population growth rate is 0.13% with a total GDP of 2.13billion USD.

NATO – Deterrent of Unification

Overview:

After World War II the shadow of another possible war now looming over the sky which if comes into picture the enemy at the gates will bang it will full lightening; the name of that shadow was Cold War era which started immediately after the much daunted D-Day. The fear of Soviet invasion was irresistible as after the war more than half of the Europe was under communist control & influence. So the Western European countries of UK, France, Belgium, the Netherlands & Luxembourg signed the Treaty of Brussels on 17th March 1948 which is considered as the precursor of NATO.  But in order to counter balance the power of Soviet Union participation of US was necessary, so the talks to form new alliance started immediately after it. These talks resulted into the formation of North Atlantic Treaty Organisation on 4th April 1949 with the signing of North Atlantic Treaty in Washington D.C which increased the horizon of a complete military alliance including the members of Treaty of Brussels & new members the US, Canada, Italy, Iceland, Portugal, Norway & Denmark with its headquarters based in Belgium with its Parliament General Assembly which meets at an Annual Session.  But the first few years of its formation were full of crisis as the influence of US was a major concern in the organisation which resulted into French withdrawal from NATO & development of French nuclear deterrent. With the start of Korean War NATO galvanised its military structure under the command of US Marines. However after the formation of Warsaw Pact by the Eastern Bloc, NATO started developing its standardization program for its arsenal systems.   The reason for its non involvement in Falkland War was that since its formation & as its name suggest that NATO always want to limit itself above the Tropic of Cancer so, since the southern hemisphere is not under its operational limit NATO kept itself out of that.

Post Cold War: After the collapse of USSR & the German reunification in 1990 NATO has increased its member states & limits which has now crossed the borders after the Prague summit of 2002 held for the first time in the Eastern Bloc country which enlarged its horizon by including Albania, Croatia, Poland, Latvia, Romania, Hungary, Estonia, Mauritania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Lithuania has been brought under the NATO umbrella while Ukraine & Georgia were told that they will be included as a prominent members. The inclusion of these states irked Russia who has now threatened NATO of withdrawing from CTE which was signed between RUSSIA & NATO as a peace agreement due to the posting of US anti missile defence system which as per Russia’s concern will trigger a new arms race in the region. The first NATO intervention was in 1995 bombings of Bosnia & Herzegovina and in 1999 bombing of Yugoslavia. With the inclusion of Turkey, Spain & Greece NATO now controls almost all the bordering points with Russia.

Post 9/11 Terror Attacks:  caused NATO to invoke Article 5 of the NATO Charter for the first time in its history. The Article says that an attack on any member shall be considered to be an attack on all with invocation of its Article 5 NATO invaded Afghanistan in 2001 & consequently invading Iraq in 2002 under its military force command of International Security Assistance Force (ISAF).

Groups under NATO:

EURO – Atlantic Partnership,

Individual Partnership Action Plans,

Contact Countries

2008-2009 Recession: NATO which has 70% of total world’s defence budget announced huge budget cuts due to the economic meltdown in the majority stake holding countries of US & Western Europe Which accounts 43% by the US alone & the 15% by UK, France & Germany.

Future Enlargement plans of NATO are for Asia to confront China’s rise & the nuclear crisis of North Korea, Iran, Burma, Pakistan & Syria.

International Water Day

Approximately 71% of the Earth’s surface is covered by ocean, a continuous body of water that is customarily divided into several principal oceans and smaller seas.

More than half of this area is over 3,000 metres (9,800 ft) deep. Average oceanic salinity is around 35 parts per thousand (‰) (3.5%), and nearly all seawater has a salinity in the range of 30 to 38 ‰. Scientists estimate that 230,000 marine species are currently known, but the total could be up to 10 times that number.

The major oceanic divisions are defined in part by the continents, various archipelagos, and other criteria. These divisions are (in descending order of size):

Click at the picture for a larger image

  • Pacific Ocean, which separates Asia and Australia from the Americas
  • Atlantic Ocean, which separates the Americas from Eurasia and Africa
  • Indian Ocean, which washes upon southern Asia and separates Africa and Australia
  • Antarctic Ocean, sometimes considered an extension of the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans, which encircles Antarctica.
  • Arctic Ocean, sometimes considered a sea of the Atlantic, which covers much of the Arctic and washes upon northern North America and Eurasia.

Click at the picture for a larger image

The Pacific and Atlantic may be further subdivided by the equator into northern and southern portions. Smaller regions of the oceans are called seas, gulfs, bays, straits and other names.

Geologically, an ocean is an area of oceanic crust covered by water. Oceanic crust is the thin layer of solidified volcanic basalt that covers the Earth’s mantle. Continental crust is thicker but less dense. From this perspective, the earth has three oceans: the World Ocean, the Caspian Sea, and Black Sea. The Mediterranean Sea is at times a discrete ocean, because tectonic plate movement has repeatedly broken its connection to the World Ocean through the Strait of Gibraltar. The Black Sea is connected to the Mediterranean through the Bosporus, but the Bosporus is a natural canal cut through continental rock some 7,000 years ago, rather than a piece of oceanic sea floor like the Strait of Gibraltar.

Lack of clean water


Almost 50% of the developing world’s population; 2.5 billion people lacks improved sanitation facilities, and over 884 million people still use unsafe drinking water sources. Inadequate access to safe water and sanitation services, coupled with poor hygiene practices, kills and sickens thousands of children every day, and leads to impoverishment and diminished opportunities for thousands more.

Poor sanitation, water and hygiene have many other serious repercussions. Children – and particularly girls – are denied their right to education because their schools lack private and decent sanitation facilities. Women are forced to spend large parts of their day fetching water. Poor farmers and wage earners are less productive due to illness, health systems are overwhelmed and national economies suffer. Without WASH (water, sanitation and hygiene), sustainable development is impossible.

Source; UNICEF, July 2010

Facts about water

Today’s water crisis is not an issue of scarcity, but of access. More people in the world own cell phones than have access to a toilet. And as cities and slums grow at increasing rates, the situation worsens. Every day, lack of access to clean water and sanitation kills thousands, leaving others with reduced quality of life.

  • 884 million people lack access to safe water supplies; approximately one in eight people.
  • 3.575 million People die each year from water-related disease.
  • The water and sanitation crisis claims more lives through disease than any war claims through guns.
  • People living in the slums often pay 5-10 times more per liter of water than wealthy people living in the same city.
  • An American taking a five-minute shower uses more water than a typical person in a developing country slum uses in a whole day.

Sanitation

  • Only 62% of the world’s population has access to improved sanitation – defined as a sanitation facility that ensures hygienic separation of human excreta from human contact.
  • Lack of sanitation is the world’s biggest cause of infection.
  • 2.5 billion People lack access to improved sanitation, including 1.2 billion people who have no facilities at all.
  • Of the 60 million people added to the world’s towns and cities every year, most occupy impoverished slums and shanty-towns with no sanitation facilities.

Children

  • Diarrhea remains in the second leading cause of death among children under five globally. Nearly one in five child deaths – about 1.5 million each year – is due to diarrhea. It kills more young children than AIDS, malaria and measles combined.
  • Every 20 seconds, a child dies from a water-related disease.
  • Diarrhea is more prevalent in the developing world due, in large part, to the lack of safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene, as well as poorer overall health and nutritional status.
  • Children in poor environments often carry 1,000 parasitic worms in their bodies at any time.
  • In the developing world, 24,000 children under the age of five die every day from preventable causes like diarrhea contracted from unclean water.
  • 1.4 million Children die as a result of diarrhea each year.

Women

  • In just one day, more than 200 million hours of women’s time is consumed for the most basic of human needs — collecting water for domestic use.
  • This lost productivity is greater than the combined number of hours worked in a week by employees at Wal*Mart, United Parcel Service, McDonald’s, IBM, Target, and Kroger, according to Gary White, co-founder of Water.org.
  • Millions of women and children spend several hours a day collecting water from distant, often polluted sources.
  • A study by the International Water and Sanitation Centre (IRC) of community water and sanitation projects in 88 communities found that projects designed and run with the full participation of women are more sustainable and effective than those that do not. This supports an earlier World Bank study that found that women’s participation was strongly associated with water and sanitation project effectiveness.

Diseases


  • At any given time, half of the world’s hospital beds are occupied by patients suffering from diseases associated with lack of access to safe drinking water, inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene.
  • The majority of the illness in the world is caused by fecal matter.
  • Almost one-tenth of the global disease burden could be prevented by improving water supply, sanitation, hygiene and management of water resources. Such improvements reduce child mortality and improve health and nutritional status in a sustainable way.
  • 88% of cases of diarrhea worldwide are attributable to unsafe water, inadequate sanitation or insufficient hygiene.
  • 90% of all deaths caused by diarrheal diseases are children under 5 years of age, mostly in developing countries.
  • It is estimated that improved sanitation facilities could reduce diarrhea-related deaths in young children by more than one-third. If hygiene promotion is added, such as teaching proper hand washing, deaths could be reduced by two thirds. It would also help accelerate economic and social development in countries where sanitation is a major cause of lost work and school days because of illness.

Economics

  • Over 50 % of all water projects fail and less than five percent of projects are visited, and far less than one percent have any longer-term monitoring.
  • Investment in safe drinking water and sanitation contributes to economic growth. For each $1 invested, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates returns of $3 – $34, depending on the region and technology.
  • Almost two in every three people who need safe drinking water survive on less than $2 a day and one in three on less than $1 a day.
  • Households, not public agencies, often make the largest investment in basic sanitation, with the ratio of household to government investment typically 10 to 1.
  • Investment in drinking-water and sanitation would result in 272 million more school attendance days a year. The value of deaths averted, based on discounted future earnings, would amount to US$ 3.6 billion a year.

Environment


  • Less than 1% of the world’s fresh water (or about 0.007% of all water on earth) is readily accessible for direct human use.
  • More than 80% of sewage in developing countries is discharged untreated, polluting rivers, lakes and coastal areas.
  • The UN estimates that by 2025, forty-eight nations, with combined population of 2.8 billion, will face freshwater “stress” or “scarcity”. Our Water.org High School Curriculum
  • Agriculture is the largest consumer of freshwater by far: about 70% of all freshwater withdrawals go to irrigated agriculture.
  • At home the average American uses between 100 and 175 gallons of water a day. That is less than 25 years ago, but it does not include the amount of water used to feed and clothe us.
  • Conserving water helps not only to preserve irreplaceable natural resources, but also to reduce the strain on urban wastewater management systems. Wastewater is costly to treat, and requires continuous investment to ensure that the water we return to our waterways is as clean as possible.

Source; http://www.water.org

India – Soft Power with Nuclear Arsenal

After introducing the economic reforms Indian has now came places. India now not only rose to a respected position on world platform but her economic boom & large population is also contributing to other countries growth story. Here are the few facts about India. Though after all this boom & applause India still remains a very poor country with increasing in equality, inflation & corruption damaging India’s repo as rising soft world power.

Facts about India:

$ 3.548 trillion GDP

India is the third richest country in Asia having $ 3.548 trillion GDP compared on Purchasing Power Parity. GDP per capita of India is $ 3, 1000 with growing population. India is the third wealthiest nation of Asia having a fastest growing economy which is progressing at a rate of 7% per year. 4th in the World after US, China & Japan.

3,165,596 Sq Kms

Is the Land Area of India making her a 7th largest country in the world & 2nd largest country in Asia.

2.67 million bbl/day Oil consumption

Even though India meet her 30% of oil consumption from her domestic oil blocks but the rest difference made her the fourth largest consumer of OIL & GAS this has lead in a huge investments on foreign exploration by Indian Oil & Gas giants. India consuming oil at 2.67 million bbl/day. The combination of oil consumption and relatively flat production has left India increasingly dependent on imports to meet its petroleum demand. In terms of oil use, transportation is the largest sector with highest consumption.

256 million tonnes per annum increasing by 45% annually

India is also the world’s biggest oil refiner with refining all daily raw crude of the Gulf Region & of its own. & host of a world biggest oil refining complex in Jamnagar – Gujarat.

1trillion US Dollars defence imports for next five year

As per Stockholm International Peace Research Institute India is the biggest buyer of arms in the world making a staggering 1 trillion US Dollars of purchase budget for arms imports.

40million tonnes of wheat, 30million tonnes of oil seeds

Is the consumption which requires satisfying the population hunger of India as per UPI Asia estimates? Even though India is in some respect is self sufficient in agricultural production but as the population grows India is now looking to satisfy her hunger through imports last year India imports 5 million tons of wheat & another 7% more oil seeds, even after the bumper crop India have to import other food items respectively. India also supports the largest cattle population in the world making India self sufficient in meat & dairy products supporting the 2nd most populated country in the world with figures going more than 1.2 billion people.

64,215kms

Is the length of Indian Railway network which is the fourth largest in the world carrying 25million passengers & 2.5million tons of freight daily & employing 1.6million people which makes it the largest employer of the world.

3.314 million Kilometres

Is the total length of India’s road network positioning at the worlds third largest. India has the world’s highest road density.

752 Million

Are mobile phone users making India the world’s fastest growing wireless market & positioning India at 3rd place in the world’s list of mobile phone subscribers?

500000

India is the home of the World’s largest ship breaking yard which employees more than 500000 people & breaks almost all the retired shipping vessels of the world. It also houses the one of the world’s largest shipping industry also.

India has now become a second country after US who has launched mission on moon successfully. This has made India a global hub for space technology & aero space engineering which is not only efficient but also cheapest in the world.

Nearly 70% of the information technology & software development & research is done in India making it a largest silicon valley hub of the world.

India has become outsourcing power & centre of the world as almost all the outsourcing in all services being sourced from here. Indian economy before 1990 was agriculture driven economy but now India is a service driven economy transforming her into a technology power house & synonymously tagging a Soft Power Tag.

Almost 70% of the world’s nanotechnology, biotechnological need is being researched & sourced from India.

Pharmaceutical sector is another which is now advancing with enormous pace making it one of the biggest pharma sectors in the world.

After China, India has the world’s highest density of cars where almost every car maker has its manufacturing facility specially designed for meeting Indian demand & also for export purposes. In Delhi alone 1200 cars are sold every day & another 1000 add on the road making Delhi 2nd most polluted city after Beijing as per WHO report. Resulting in a huge traffic jams & increased numbers of road accidents.

India is the largest consumer of Palm Oil in the world 80% of the Palm Oil produced annually in the world is consumed by India.

India is the largest consumer of Gold & Silver in the world where nearly 68% of the total production is consumed by the Indians only.

India is the hub of the world’s largest diamond cutting industry where 9 out of 10 diamonds in the world are cut in India.

Natural Resources:

Indian is the largest producer of Mica in the world, India has huge reserves of coal, iron ore, bauxite, uranium, titanium, thorium, zinc, copper, silver, gold, limestone, bronze, precious stones, granite, marble which rank India in the top five. India also has proven sufficient reserves of natural gas, oil, shale gas.

India – Land of Versatility

Map of Ancient India

When Prophet Adam’s (peace be upon him) first foot set on the earth it was on the Indian Subcontinent & his beloved respected Eve’s on Jeddah the world has hardly knows about the undivided Pangaea which broke apart & the nations formed with streams of blood flowing & forming the line of control dividing families & heart of the children of Adam. It was the era of division & rule when new empires were formed & broke apart by the invaders during this period there was civilization which was flourishing on the banks of Indus creating & designing its own world of cultures, tradition & science, the nation which was carved by those great people was named Akhand Bharat translated later in English by traitors of British Imperials as India which it now popularly called & known as. Now the history was in the making & the world is going to know about the massive silent storm which was deepening its roots throughout the world. The veins of Indian nation are as old as the humans himself. Once called the Golden Sparrow of the world famous for her science, spices, precious gem stones & natural resources was the world leader in terms of economic output & industrialization. India is a land of mother of all civilization famed as “Indus Valley civilization”.  It is the most diverse & multicultural, multiracial nation in the world.  It is said that you will find lingual & cultural variations on every 10 kms in India. India is the land of philosophers, poets & writers. It is where Alexander lost his first battle & was died of his wounds, it is where descendants of Genghis Khan flourished & were settled down here making India center of their architecture & art. It is the land where Sufism flourished & nurtured its roots from the alluvial plains of great Indian rivers.

Inventions / Discoveries:

Mathematics which include Zero, Algebra, Geometry, Trigonometry, Astrology, Astronomy, Politics, Ayurveda traditional Indian Medicine practice, Yoga, Karate, Chess, Tunnel construction, Horticulture, rocket launchers, swords, bow and arrow, jewelery ,diamond, ruby, gold, silver, iron animal husbandry, dry land farming, Wheel, Fire, Human Resource Management, Irrigation, Classical Music, Thorium Fusion reactors, Jungle Warfare. Indian mouth freshener beetle leaf (paan) was first cultivated discovered in India, beetle nut was also discovered here, cashew nut, henna, walnut, neem, marijuana were first discovered.

Religions formed & written: Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, Sikhism.

Languages: Sanskrit, Pali, Hindi, Urdu, Punjabi, Bengali, Gujrati, Devnagri script which forms the bases of Telugu, Malayalam, Tamil, Kashmiri, Dogri, Kangri, Sindhi, Marathi, Konkani, Oriya, Manipuri, Mizo, Assamese, Bhojpuri, Nicobari, Prakrit & many countless tribal languages.

Holy Scriptures written: Vedas, Upanishads, Ramayan, Mahabharat, Geeta, Guru Granth Sahib, Tripitaka, Mahayana Sutras, Akaranga Sutra & Kalpa Sutra.

Himalayas

Topography – Geography:

In the North Himalaya & Zanskar guards her Frontiers with snow covered peaks & glaciers all year round stretch your arm to the through terrain region, East one will found Arakran Mountains covred with tropical dense jungles as you moved to west the jungle goes deeper  crossing the world’s biggest river delta of Ganga Brahmaputra ending in the central plateau where driving through the most fertile alluvial plains nourished by the waters of the great rivers of Ganga & Yamuna as you move closer to the west the nature leads you towards Thar desert & salt plains of Rann of Kutch where hardly you find

Arakan Mountain Range

a drop of water, turning yourself towards south via salt plains of Rann of Kutch Deccan Plateau welcomes you with its exotic scenery with its cousins Satpura , Vindhya, Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats where your feet will be washed by thethree crystal clear greenish waters of Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal & Indian Ocean taking you to the all new world of advancement of completely with air becomes fresh & cool soothes you through its humid climate of varied cultures & traditions which survives on a world’s longest coastline spanning more than 7000kms. As the road ends of the mainland one can still find himself in India when he chooses to travel the distant archipelagos of Andaman & Nicobar Islands & Lakshadweep Islands.

Historic Frontiers’ with 10 Great Nations full of history & civilization glory;

In North China, Tibet & Afghanistan, Nepal & Bhutan shares their cultures & politics, West its Iran & Pakistan, East thriving jungles invades its plains with Burma, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Vietnam & Bangladesh. Her sea frontier even in modern time touches the class of Sri Lanka, Maldives, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia & Singapore through strait of Malaca, Adams Bridge, Adaman Sea, Lakshwadeep Islands.

Modern Frontiers with 7 left to wipe her tears:

After 1947 India has lost much of her ancient boundaries where it has lost Burma & Bangladesh in the east; in the west her souls torn apart by losing away Pakistan & parts of Kashmir, Gilgit, Waziristan & Baltistan losing its touch from ancient neighbours Iran & Afghanistan, in the north the story is not so different as her dry but precious land Aksai Chin which is now a part of Xinjiang province was snatched away by her once friendly brotherly ancient neighbour China & her friendly friend lost battle to China who captured Tibet sheltering his government in exile in their home away from home Dharamshala – Himachal Pradesh.  Now India only borders with China, Nepal & Bhutan in the North, Pakistan in the west, Burma & Bangladesh in east & south provides still undivided victims of British Raj i;e Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore & Indonesia through Andaman Sea, Bay of Bengal Malaca Strait, Indian Ocean. Sri Lanka & Maldives with Adams Bridge & Indian Ocean & Sea of Lakshwadeep & Arabian Sea.

When India wakes up with her lost glory there was nothing but a pledge that someday we will take our glory & respect back from this traitor world. With the introduction of constitution in 1950 when India become Republic lots of promises & policies were made which laid the foundation of the modern & prosperous India. Investments were made to build infrastructure for the looted & divided nation. By the end of 1980s & the end of cold war era India has improved a lot, once said by the First Prime Minister of India Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru that the dams which we have build are the temples of modern India. With the introduction of economic reforms by the then Finance Minister Man Mohan Singh India opened her gates for foreign investment. Now with the result of this India by the start of 21st century has now become a booming power house who now excels in the field of Information Technology, Engineering, Software, Agriculture, Health & Medical Facilities, Education, Aero space, Bio & Nano Technology, Nuclear science. The facts show that from the mid 90s till today India has taken a huge jump forward. The dominance of India now shows & sometimes reflects in the international summits like G8, SAARC, ASEAN, UN, IAEA, WTO, BIMSTEC surviving with the burden of overpopulation whose hunger is never ending. Today India is a economic power house with the world at her feet. As per UN economic data report India will surpass the US GDP by 2050. This has not only made India a biggest challenger & threat to US but also to her neighbours.

India’s Wild Life – Fight for survival

India a land of incredible diversity is also blessed by the extreme diverse bio diversity. During Imperial era it was the most favourite hunting ground for Europeans who used to come here for its exotic fauna & serenity. Yet India’s diverse wilderness areas encompass far more. In addition to rainforests, they include moist and dry deciduous forests, thorn forests, deserts, mangroves, grasslands, and coniferous forests in the Himalayas, not to mention a variety of freshwater and marine habitats. India’s diverse landscapes are home to numerous threatened and critically endangered species, including the Asiatic lion, Asian elephant, tiger, white-rumped vulture, Asian one-horned rhinoceros, and water buffalo. Many species of deer, antelopes, wild dogs, cats, and bears also live here. Resident primates include macaques, the hoolock gibbon, slender and slow lorises, and the golden langur—one of the world’s rarest monkeys. Besides mammals, there is a vast and diverse array of reptiles, amphibians, and birds, some of which are still unknown to science.  The expeditions were also being lead by local Kings for big game hunting. Once available & roamed in plenty Indian jungles were full of life where the Lord & the King roams freely sharing their own spaces where people survives harmoniously with the beasts. As India moves towards achieving her independence the laws & importance of conservation has become a new driver for nationalism the first attempt was made to protect Indian Wildlife was through the Elephant Preservation Act passed in 1879. The first abode of bio diversity which was granted protection was Gir National Park which is also a last home of Asiatic Lions, once used to be hunting ground of Nawab of Junagarh is now protected & was initially conserved & preserved by the then Last ruling Nawab of Junagarh “Nawabzada Muhammad Mahabat Khanji III Rasul Khan Ji” in the early 20th century now since the King of the Jungle had got protection then how can the Lord of the jungle remain at the back stage it was ultimately in 1936 by British Govt in India declaring 1200sqkm forest in United Provinces at the foot hills of Himalayas a terrai region famous for its natural habitat for Tigers was made protected as Hailey National Park. When India gain independence & the wounds of partition started to showing the bio diversity was affected the most by the big game hunting during this period realizing the state of her valuable heritage was given protection finally under the famous Wild Life Protection Act of 1972. At the turn of the last decade of the 20th century India has now become an open victim of hunger of the Far East markets which resulted in the huge demand & poaching activities widespread, this not only made our forests empty & scarce of wildlife now taking its toll especially on the Indian National Animal “ Bengal Tiger” by the start of 1990s’ their population dwindled from 100000 to 80000 in 1950s’ to 20000 in late 1980s’ by the end of the 20th century India now left with only 4000 Tigers & handful of other wild fauna. With the introduction of Project Tiger, Project Rhino & Project Elephant Indian somehow lived up to the expectations of hope for the future generations. But by the end of first decade of 21st century the situation has became more critical & laws a failure. With the pressure of population increasing  & Indian Government finds solution for economic prosperity & food security there is hardly any scope left for the survival of the once roamed in abundance the Indian bio diversity. The latest hustle & stiffness is now for the Asiatic Lions & Tiger Poaching which is now has become a hot topic of debate between the respective state governments & national interests. If we want to save our wild life we have to work together & eradicate the corruption from our system which hinders the execution of laws & conservation responsibility. With the clearing of the entire Tiger population in the reserves like Sariska & Panna the future looks more bleek & reminded us the extinction of Dinosaurs.

The critically endangered species in India, as identified by the IUCN and WII include the Jenkins Shrew, Malabar Large-spotted Civet, Namdapha Flying Squirrel, Pygmy Hog, Salim Ali`s Fruit Bat, Sumatran Rhinoceros, and the Wroughton`s Free-tailed Bat. The list of Endangered species in India include the Asiatic Lion, Asiatic Black Bear, Desert Cat, Great Indian Rhinoceros, Hispid Hare, Hoolock Gibbon, Kashmir Stag, Lion-Tailed Macaque, Malabar Civet, Markhor, Nayan Ovis, Nilgiri Leaf Monkey, Pygmy Hog, Andaman Shrew, Andaman Spiny Shrew, Indian Elephant or Asian Elephant, Banteng, Blue Whale, Capped Leaf Monkey, Chiru, Fin Whale, Ganges River Dolphin, Golden Leaf Monkey, Hispid Hare, Asian arowana, Loggerhead Sea Turtle, Hoolock Gibbon, Indus River Dolphin, Kondana Soft-furred Rat, Lion-Tailed Macaque, Markhor, Marsh Mongoose, Nicobar Shrew, Nicobar Tree Shrew, Nilgiri Tahr, Parti-coloured Flying Squirrel, Peter`s Tube-nosed Bat, Red Panda, Sei Whale, Servant Mouse, Snow Leopard, Tiger, Wild Water Buffalo, and the Woolly Flying Squirrel.

Apart from the critically endangered and the endangered species in India, the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources and Wildlife Institute of India also identified several species as vulnerable in India. These species include the Asiatic Wild Dog, Banteng Bos javanicus, Brow-antlered Deer, Brown Bear, Brown Palm Civet, Clouded Leopard, Common Otter, Ganges River Dolphin, Gaur, Goral, Grey Indian Wolf, Himalayan W-toothed Shrew, Himalayan Musk Deer, Himalayan Shrew, Jackal Canis aureus, Andaman Horseshoe Bat, Andaman Rat, Argali, Asiatic Black Bear, Asiatic Golden Cat, Asiatic Wild Ass, Macaque Monkey, Back-striped Weasel, Barasingha, Bare-bellied Hedgehog, Blackbuck, Brown fish owl, Central Kashmir Vole, Dhole, Dugong, Eld`s Deer, Elvira Rat, Eurasian Otter, Fishing Cat, Four-horned Antelope, Gaur, Himalayan Tahr, Humpback Whale, Indian Giant Squirrel, Irrawaddy Squirrel, Jerdon`s Palm Civet, Kashmir Cave Bat, Kerala Rat, Khajuria`s Leaf-nosed Bat, Kolar Leaf-nosed Bat, Lesser Horseshoe Bat, Mainland Serow, Malayan Porcupine, Mandelli`s Mouse-eared Bat, Marbled Cat, Mouflon, Nicobar Flying Fox, Nilgiri Leaf Monkey, Nilgiri Marten, Nonsense Rat, Pale Grey Shrew, Palm Rat, Red Goral, Royal Bengal Tiger, Rock Eagle-owl, Rusty-spotted Cat, Sikkim Rat, Sloth Bear, Slow Loris, Smooth-coated Otter, Sperm Whale, Sri Lankan Giant Squirrel, Sri Lankan Highland Shrew, Stumptail Macaque, Takin, Wild Goat, Wild Yak and the Lesser Panda. The species like the Indian Wild Ass, the Leopard and the Red Fox have been identified as the `Threatened Species in India`.

The Biggest lost of Wild Life is the extinction of Indian Cheetah once roamed freely & found in huge numbers last shot in 1947 was the worst loss at the very start of the new independent era. It is said that Mughal Ruler Akbar used to have the 11 cheetahs as pets. Acts like Forest Rights & Produce Act introduced in early 2000s’ meant for the protection of Wild Life & for Tribals living there are necessary in this modern stage where existence of every specie is important as humans.

Capital of Afghans in India from the facades of Rohilkhand – Bareilly. by Fahad Hussain

Founded by Mukrand Rai in 1657 & nourished by Afghan warriors Bareilly is a true Afghan city which in true sense was developed by the Rohilla warriors of the Mughal Army consisting of Yousufzai, Barech, Khatakzai. Since my childhood days I have always get fascinated by the stories & the history of these tribes which have contributed in their own respect. Growing as stepping stones walking in the by lanes of my grandmother’s house I always been a witness to the changing archaeology of this city once used to be thriving Rohilla stronghold where there are forts & estates of honoured warriors concreting the bricks of Afghan second home out of Durand wondering why they had made this place to be their second to none native place, so, the answer lies in the geographic location of this city which is been properly residing at the equidistance junction at the cross roads of Agra, Delhi, Lucknow, Nepal & the mountains of Himalaya which gives both the feel of home & the political connectivity with different empires & kingdoms of those times. As I walked through life, I have witnessed the encroachment on the famous real estates of the Rohilla Empire which though was destroyed by the British after the 1857 revolt. Era of Hafiz Rehmat Khan (15 September 1748 – 23 April 1774). The Rohilla Fort (famously called as Qila localy) once a luxury resting place is now wears the worn & torn of the aftermath standing now as the gates with its remaining facades colour in the red brick over looking at the heart of India’s longest market where one can find shops dated back to late 19th & early 20th centuries making jewellery since the Afghan’s time. Afghans has not only developed this city but also contributed to its vibrant & tribal ideological culture mixed of all religions synonymously turning into the city of peace. There are lots of festivities & celebration where hardly people find in any other Indian city though now a day’s getting increasingly popular.

Legacy: One can see the archaeological sites though not protected still fighting for their survival can be reached easily by road. Archaeological sites one can still see in this century are: Jama Masjid – Pilibhit (Rohilkhand Division), Gates & Facades of ruined Rohilla fort – Bareilly, Ramnagar Fort – Aonla, Bareilly, Tomb of Hafiz Rehmat Khan – Badaun (Rohilkhand Division) Tombs built by other Rohilla leaders in Fatehganj , Bareilly, Raza Library – Rampur (Rohilkhand Division), Rampur Fort & Railway station – Rampur (Rohilkhand Division), Bibi Ji ji Masjid – Bareilly, various ruins & damaged estates across Rohilkhand Division, colony of Zakheera where one can still find the old estates of Rohillas & other districts which were earlier was the part of Rohilla Empire (Meerut, Muzaffar Nagar, Bijnor, Shahjahanpur, Kumaon & Garhwal Regions of Uttarakhand state), Durgah of Hafiz Rehmat Khan centre of famous Islamic school of thought “Bareilvi”. One can meet & find pure Afghan people in the city living there for generations now though most of them have now become a mixed Indian due to the inter racial marriages but the feel of Afghan can still be feel & smell in the City with the presence of numerous Afghan tribes with the walls of the beautiful vibrant by lanes of this historic geography spreading the fragrance of its glorious past & telling stories of the martyred empire which once ruled the basin of Ramganga now a dried & filthy drain.

Ring of Fire washed away by Tsunami – Short Report on Japan Earthquake.

Japan is used to natural calamities especially earthquakes. Shaking the whole nation at 2:30pm afternoon Japan’s Time, the whole nation was now under threat from the massive calamity which has struck Japan paralysing nation to halt. Hundreds & thousands of people have been evacuated from the low lying areas especially in the north eastern islands. With its epi centre near the coast of North Eastern Islands of Japan measuring 8.9 on ricter scale not only shookes the nation in Sendai city but also triggering in the massive tsunami which with the force of more than 10 mtr waves full of filth & debris caused the massive damage to the infrastructure & taking the death toll of 300 which is still increasing, flooding towns & sweeping away cars, ships, boats & houses reaching almost 10 kms inland. It struck with such a huge force that one train was swept away which went missing near Kyodo & derailing the other leaving no traces of the number of people on board where water crossing the roof tops. Airports are shut down. One of the major terminal of Tokyo Airport was completley damaged. Train service through out Japan has been cancelled. It is in nature of Japanese People that in such a massive catastrophy they were seeing helping people & were in their full senses which have resulted in the lower death toll as compared to the Earthquake which struck Kobe in 1995.

Now the major concern of Japan & his people is that Fukushima nuclear plant has been shut down due to the Tsunami flooding & aftershocks continued to be felt across the Pacific. Now the danger is of a radioactive reactor which due to power shut down it wasn’t cooled as the cooling systeme which flows cool water into the reactor was got malfuntioned.

Aftermath & Resque Operations: Across the Pacific aftershocks are being felt. The Tsunami warning is been sounding in Hawaii, North American West Coast, Chile, Peru, & South East Asia, schools & offices are asked to remain closed for tommorrow as precaution. Nuclear Emergency has been declared by the Japanese Prime Minister due to the shut down of Nuclear Power Plants & the danger of the leakage of radiation from Fukushima plant. UN has organised the world’s biggest rescue operation for Japan involving 3000 – 4000 forces, 300 ships & the same number of air planes. From now the assumptions are being drawn that insurance sector has been hardest hit & now in Japan claim against natural catastrophy will be the most expensive. The infrastructure of Japan has suffered the most & it will now going to take months to bring it to complete functionality.

 

 

Important Events on March 8

March 8: Mardi Gras in Western Christianity (2011); International Women’s Day; Mother’s Day in various European countries

Raymonde de LaRoche

  • 1010 – Persian poet Ferdowsi completed his masterpiece, the Shahnameh, the national epic of Iran and related societies.
  • 1618 – German astronomer and mathematician Johannes Kepler discovered the third law of planetary motion.
  • 1655 – The court of Northampton County, Colony of Virginia, made John Casor the first legally recognized slave in Britain’s North American colonies.
  • 1910 – French aviatrix Raymonde de Laroche (pictured) became the first woman to receive a pilot’s license.
  • 1916 – World War I: A British force unsuccessfully attempted to relieve the Ottoman siege of Kut (in present-day Iraq) in the Battle of Dujaila.

Religions without Prophets – List of those religions where prophets were not born.

Sikhism: Formed in 15th Century AD as a reaction to the social and religious practices of the time in the Indian subcontinent. The Sikh Gurus (or teachers) have emphasized on recognizing all humans as equal before Waheguru (Guru Nanak), regardless of colour, caste or lineage. The Sikh Gurus did not call themselves as prophets. The emphasis is on a single all pervading God and creating a relationship with him. There is no place for intermediaries. The Sikh holy book is known as the Sri Guru Granth Sahib, Which was compiled by Arjan Dev Singh, added the teachings of 5 Gurus beginning with Guru Nanak Dev Ji and includes passages from both Hindu and Sufi saints.The Sikh Gurus have referred to their compositions as “dhur ki bani” or the word of primal divine source. Place of ritual is Gurudwara Sahib. Major locations of stronghold are States of West Punjab, NWFP in Pakistan & in India East Punjab, Delhi NCR, Uttrakhand, Uttar Pradesh, and Rajasthan. Major places of worship; Golden Temple Amritsar – India, Nanakana Sahib – Pakistan, Ponta Sahib – Punjab, Hem Kund, Nanak Matta – Uttrakhand, Gurudwara Bangla Sahib Delhi – India.

Buddhism: Founded by Prince Siddhartha Gautama of North India in 6th Century BC who was after his enlighten known as Gautama Buddha? Its sacred texts are Pali Canon (Tripitaka), numerous Mahayana sutras written originally in Pali. As per Tibetan Buddhism Monk is the spiritual leader. Buddhism follows the system taught by Buddha. Place of worship is Temple, meditation hall. Main sects in Buddhism are Theravada and Mahayana. Major locations of stronghold are India, China, Japan, Korea, Sri Lanka, South East Asia. Major locations: Sarnath, Gaya, Patna, Twang, Dharamshala, Leh, Laol Spiti, Gangtok – India, Colombo – Sri Lanka, Bangkok – Thailand, Cambodia, Guangzou, Lahsa – China, Bagan – Burma.

Jainism: Jains derive their name from the jinas, spiritual conquerors who have achieved liberation and perfection. Included among these are the 24 spiritual leaders called “ford-makers” or tirthankaras. The last of the tirthankaras was Mahavira (599-527 BC), a contemporary of the Buddha and the man generally considered the founder of Jainism. Jinas are believed to reside in the

top level of heaven, above the realm of the gods. Accordingly, liberated souls are revered more than the gods. Formed in 550 BC, sacred scriptures are the teachings ofMahavira written originally in Sanskrit, major sects are Digambaras (“sky-clad”); Shvetambaras (“white-clad”), monks are the spiritual leader’s place of worship is the temple. Major location is India. Major places of worship are: Palitana, Shankheshwar, Shikharji, Vataman, Mumbai, Mahudi Shri Ghantakarna Vir Temple and Ahmedabad – India.

Taoism: also known as Daoism was founded by Lao – Tze in China in 550 BC, based on the teachings of the Tao Te Ching, a short tract written in the 6th century BC in China. Its emphasis on spiritual harmony within the individual complements; Taoism is also increasingly influential in the West, especially in the fields of alternative medicine and martial arts like Tai Chi. There are two main strands and schools within Taoism, usually labeled “philosophical Taoism” (Tao-chia) and “religious Taoism” (Tao-chaio). Tao Te Ching, Chuang-Tzu is sacred scripture originally written in traditional Chinese. Sage is a spiritual leader in Taoism. House of worship is temple. Major locations are; China, South East Asia.

 

Shintoism: Shinto (also Shintoism) is the term for the indigenous religious beliefs and practices of Japan. Shinto has no founder, no official sacred scriptures, and no fixed creeds, but it has preserved its main beliefs and rituals throughout the ages. The word Shinto, which comes from the Chinese shin tao, meaning “the way of kami“, came into use in order to distinguish indigenous Japanese beliefs from Buddhism, which had been introduced into Japan in the 6th century AD. Shinto has no founder or founding date. When the Japanese people and Japanese culture became aware of themselves, Shinto was already there. Yayoi culture, which originated in the northern area of the island of Kyushu around the 3rd or 2nd century BC, is directly related to later Japanese culture and Shinto. Among the primary Yayoi religious phenomena were agricultural rites and shamanism. Early shamans (miko) performed the ceremonies; eventually those of the Yamato tribe did so; on behalf of the other tribes and their chieftain assumed duties that led to headship of the Shinto state. Texts comprises of Kojiki (Records of Ancient Matters), Nihongi or Nihon shoki (Chronicles of Japan). Major location is Japan. Major places of worship are: Mt. Fuji, Dazaifu Tenmangu, Oyama Shrine, Toshogu Shrine, Tsurugaoka Hachimangu, Fushimi Inari Shrine, Ise Shrines, Izumo Shrine, Atsuta Shrine, Heian Shrine, Meiji Shrine all are in Japan.

Baha’ism: Also popularly known as Bahai Faith was founded in 1844 – 1882 in Iran by the two controversial leaders proclaimed to be the first preacher of Bahai named Bab & Baha ullah, declaring themselves as the prophets of modern world. The laws of the Bahá’í Faith primarily come from the Kitáb-i-Aqdas, written by Baha’u’llah, which is also a main scripture, It is sometimes also referred to as The Aqdas, “the Most Holy Book”, “the Book of Laws” and occasionally the Book of Aqdas, originally written in Arabic & its title in Persian. The Manifestations of God are analogous to divine mirrors which reflect God’s created attributes and thus reveal aspects of God without being incarnations of God’s essence.

It is through these divine educators that humans can approach God, and through them God brings divine revelation and law. Bahá’ís believe that God expresses his will at all times and in manyways, and specifically through a series of divine messengers referred to as Manifestations of God or sometimes divine educators. The supreme seat is based in Israel. Major locations are Israel, Europe, US, India, South East Asia.

Greek Religion: Greek religion is the collection of beliefs and rituals practiced in ancient Greece in the form of both popular public religion and cult practices. Greek people recognized the major gods and goddesses: Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Apollo, Artemis, Aphrodite, Ares, Dionysus, Hephaestus, Athena, Hermes, Demeter, Hestia and Hera though philosophies such as Stoicism and some forms of Platonism. Grreks believes in afterlife or re incarnation. Their sacred texts are Hesiod’s Theogony and Works and Days, Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey and Pindar’s Odes. Major Locations are Greece, Italy, and Cyprus. Major places of worship were: Arcadia.

Important Events on March 3

March 3: Liberation Day in Bulgaria (1878); Hinamatsuri in Japan

Flag of  the Free State of Fiume

  • 1284 – The Statute of Rhuddlan incorporated the Principality of Wales into England.
  • 1875 – The first indoor game of ice hockey was played at the Victoria Skating Rink in Montreal, Canada, by James Creighton and McGill University students.
  • 1924 – The Free State of Fiume (flag pictured), a short-lived independent free state located in the modern city of Rijeka, Croatia, was annexed by the Kingdom of Italy.
  • 1943 – World War II: During a German aerial attack on London, England, 173 people were killed in a stampede while trying to enter Bethnal Green tube station, which was being used as an air raid shelter.
  • 1951 – Jackie Brenston, with Ike Turner and his band, recorded “Rocket 88“, often cited as “the first rock and roll record”, at Sam Phillips’ recording studios in Memphis, Tennessee, US.

Pashtunwali – Indonesian Version / Pashtunwali – Versi Bahasa Indonesia

Pashtun wali adalah demokratis tidak tertulis, sosio-politik budaya, hukum dan ideologi masyarakat Pashtoon, diwarisi dari nenek moyang mereka dan pembawa ke generasi sekarang sebagai kode hukum dan moral yang menentukan tatanan sosial dan tanggung jawab.

Ini adalah “kode kehormatan” kuno milik Pashtun Afghanistan dan Pakistan, termasuk masyarakat Pashtun di seluruh dunia. Pashtun merangkul sebuah tradisional kuno, spiritual, dan identitas komunal terikat pada satu set kode moral dan aturan-aturan perilaku yang fleksibel dan dinamis, yang berisi prinsip-prinsip modern dan kuno.
Sistem ini telah berhasil semua urusan sosial dan internal masyarakat Pashtoon sebelum dan sesudah Islam. Ini telah menciptakan pemerintah daerah kecil dan besar di Tengah dan Asia Selatan dan secara sosial dilakukan oleh mayoritas.

Pashtun wali mempromosikan diri, kemerdekaan, keadilan, keramahan, cinta, pengampunan, dendam dan toleransi terhadap semua, terutama untuk orang asing dan tamu. Semua kode etik sangat membantu dalam mempertahankan cek sosial dan moral dan saldo dalam masyarakat Pashtun. Hal ini dianggap sebagai tanggung jawab pribadi dari setiap Pashtun untuk menemukan dan menemukan kembali esensi wali Pashtun dan makna.

Untuk 8 berabad-abad ‘membentuk nasionalisme Pashtoon pemerintah pusat politik untuk pertama kalinya pada abad 12 dan kemudian mendirikan sebuah pemerintahan terpusat yang kuat pada pertengahan abad 18.
Semua kelompok kecil dan besar suku dan etnis berpartisipasi dalam reformasi dan perbaikan administrasi pemerintah dan dalam berbagai aspek ekonomi, sosial dan budaya. Dengan memperkuat hubungan di antara kelompok etnis dalam urusan sosio-ekonomi, Pashtoon nasionalisme berubah menjadi nasionalisme Afghanistan.
Pashtun wali adalah batu fondasi pertama, nasionalisme Pashtoon adalah kedua dan nasionalisme afghan adalah fase ketiga dan evolusi struktur politik.

Kode ini;

* Iman – percaya pada Allah (dikenal sebagai “Allah”) Gagasan mempercayai pencipta satu.
* Baik Pikiran, Good Words, Good Deeds – Sebuah Pashtun harus selalu berusaha bagi berpikir pikiran yang baik, mengucapkan kata-kata yang baik dan melakukan perbuatan baik.
* Perilaku – Pashtun harus bersikap hormat terhadap semua ciptaan termasuk manusia, hewan dan lingkungan sekitar mereka. Pencemaran lingkungan dan / atau perusakan adalah terhadap wali Pashtun.
* Persatuan – di atas bahasa mereka berbicara, di atas darah mereka terus, di atas jumlah uang yang mereka buat, wali menyatukan Pashtun Pashtun sebagai salah satu orang di seluruh dunia. Dimana ada persatuan benar, setiap upaya untuk menceraiberaikan mereka hanya akan berfungsi untuk memperkuat kesatuan mereka miliki. Apa yang terjadi pada satu – terjadi pada semua.
* Kesetaraan – Setiap orang adalah sama. Setiap orang menginginkan mengatakan di masa depan dan ia akan memperjuangkan hak untuk memiliki pendapatnya didengar. Semua orang itu harus berurusan dengan satu sama lain, dengan kesopanan yang tepat atau menghargai dan tidak ada yang dapat memaksakan kehendak mereka pada yang lain.
* Restoran dan tempat kudus – Menjadi ramah pada semua orang, dan khusus untuk tamu, bahkan yang paling bermusuhan musuh mungkin (jika meminta) diberikan perlindungan, suaka atau perlindungan serta makanan dan bantuan lainnya.
* Keadilan dan pengampunan – Jika salah satu kesalahan sengaja lain, korban mempunyai hak, bahkan kewajiban, untuk membalaskan ketidakadilan ini dalam proporsi yang sama. Jika seseorang telah dengan sengaja bersalah padamu, dan kamu tidak mencari keadilan juga tidak pelaku kesalahan meminta Anda untuk diri maaf padanya, kemudian hutang, yang berhutang kepada Anda oleh dia, yang hanya dapat dipenuhi sekali keadilan (melalui tindakan balas dendam atau keputusan dewan Jirga) telah disediakan untuk balasan kesalahan yang dilakukan.
* Persaudaraan dan kepercayaan – keyakinan bahwa sesama saudara atau saudari Pashtun harus dipercaya dan dibantu untuk sejauh mungkin.
* Kehormatan – Pashtun harus menjaga independensi mereka dan martabat manusia. Kehormatan telah sangat penting dalam masyarakat Pashtun dan sangat penting untuk menjaga kehormatan seseorang atau kebanggaan.
menghormati Diri * – Individu harus menghormati diri sendiri dan orang lain agar dapat melakukannya, terutama yang mereka tidak tahu. Menghormati dimulai di rumah, di antara anggota keluarga dan kerabat.
* Kasih sayang dan kerjasama – Masyarakat miskin, yang lemah, dan yang ditantang harus didukung. Inklusi harus lebih suka pengecualian. Untuk mempertahankan terhadap kelompok tirani, fasisme dan terlalu bersemangat dan bekerja cerdas pertama dan kemudian keras.
* Keluarga – Keluarga harus dimuliakan di bawah keyakinan suci tanggung jawab dan kewajiban dengan menghormati istri, anak perempuan, orang tua, orang tua, anak, dan suami.
* Kami adalah satu keluarga – Fellow Pashtun harus dipelihara. Mungkin ada ratusan suku, tetapi mereka memiliki satu takdir dalam persatuan dengan satu sama lain.
* Pengetahuan – Pashtun mencari pengetahuan obyektif dalam hidup, seni, ilmu pengetahuan, dan budaya, yang dianggap buah-buahan diberikan oleh Tuhan.
* Sejarah Pashtun – nilai Great ditempatkan dalam tragedi sejarah Pashtun, dan kemenangan. Ini mengajarkan Pashtun “untuk menjaga pikiran terbuka, untuk melanjutkan pencarian kebenaran, banyak yang telah lenyap dalam sejarah itu sendiri”.
* Fight jahat – Evil adalah perang konstan dengan baik. Kejahatan harus diperjuangkan dan baik harus menang atas kejahatan. Ini adalah tugas Pashtun untuk melawan kejahatan ketika dia berhadapan dengan itu.
* Kejujuran dan Janji – A Pashtun dikenal untuk menjaga janji mereka dan bersikap jujur pada semua situasi dan waktu. Sebuah Pashtun sejati tidak akan pernah melanggar janji mereka.
* Restoran-Pashtun memperlakukan semua tamu dan orang yang masuk rumah mereka dengan hormat dan selalu pergi dengan satu ucapan.

Pashtunwali – Turkish Version / Peştun Wali – Türkçe Versiyon

Peştun Wali yazılı olmayan bir demokratik, sosyo-politik kültür, hukuk ve Peştun toplumun ideoloji, toplumsal düzen ve sorumluluklarını belirleyen bir yasal ve ahlaki olarak bugünkü nesle kendi ataları ve taşıyıcı miras alınır.

Bu dünyada Peştun topluluklar da dahil olmak üzere, Afganistan ve Pakistan Peştunlar ait eski bir “onur kod” dir. Peştunlar ve eski bir geleneksel, ruhsal kucaklama toplumsal kimlik, modern ve antik ilkeleri içeren, esnek ve dinamik bir ahlaki kodlar ve davranış kurallarının bir dizi bağladılar.
Bu sistemin öncesi ve İslam sonrası Peştun toplumun tüm sosyal ve içişleri başardı. O Orta ve Güney Asya’da küçük ve büyük yerel yönetimlerin yarattığı bu sosyal çoğunluğu tarafından uygulanmaktadır.

Peştun Wali yabancılarla ve konuklar, özellikle öz saygı, bağımsızlık, adalet, konukseverlik, sevgi, affedicilik, intikam ve hoşgörü tüm yönünde teşvik etmektedir. Davranış Tüm bu kodları Peştun toplum içinde sosyal ve ahlaki kontrol ve dengelerin devamlılığında faydalıdır. Onu keşfetmek için her Peştun kişisel bir sorumluluk olarak kabul edilir ve yeniden Peştun Wali özünü ve anlamını keşfetmek.

8 Yüzyıllar boyunca ‘Peştun milliyetçilik ve 12. yüzyılda ilk kez bir siyasi merkezi hükümeti kurdu sonra Orta 18. yüzyılda güçlü bir merkezi hükümet kurdu.
Tüm küçük ve büyük aşiretler ve etnik gruplar reform ve iyileştirme devlet idaresi ve çeşitli ekonomik, sosyal ve kültürel yönlerini katıldı. sosyo-ekonomik konularda bu etnik gruplar arasındaki ilişkilerin güçlendirilmesi ile Peştun milliyetçiliğinin Afgan milliyetçiliğe dönüştü.
Peştun Wali ilk temel taşı olduğunu, Peştun milliyetçiliği ve ikinci Afgan milliyetçiliği siyasal yapısının üçüncü ve evrimsel aşamasıdır.

Kodları;

* Faith – God (“Allah” olarak da bilinir) bir yaratıcısı güvenen kavramı güven.
* İyi Düşünce, İyi Kelimeler, İyi Deeds – A Peştun gerekir her zaman, iyi düşüncelerle güzel sözler, konuşma ve iyi işler yapmaya yönelik çalışıyoruz.
* Davranış – Paştunlar insanlar, hayvanlar ve çevrelerindeki çevre dahil, tüm eserleri karşı saygılı davranmak zorundadır. Çevre Kirliliği ve / veya imha Peştun Wali aykırıdır.
* Unity – onlar yaptıkları para miktarı üstünde tutmaya kan, Peştun Wali dünya çapında bir kişi olarak Peştunlar birleştiren yukarıda, konuştuğu diller üzerinde. Gerçek birlik, onları sadece sahip oldukları birlik güçlendirmeye hizmet edecek ayrılmak için her türlü çabayı olduğu yerde. Ne biri olur – bütün olur.
* Eşitlik – Her insan eşittir. Her insan bir geleceği söz ve onun görüşlerini duymuş onun hakkı için mücadele edecek istiyor. Tüm insanlar bu nedenle uygun kibarlık veya saygı ve başka kendi isteklerini empoze olabilir kimse ile, birbirleri ile uğraşmak zorunda.
* Konaklama ve kutsal – Varlık herkese ve özellikle misafirlere misafirperver, hatta en düşmanlarının düşmanca kutsal, iltica veya koruma yanı sıra gıda ve diğer yardım sağlanacaktır (talep halinde) olabilir.
* Adalet ve af – kimse kasten başka yanlışlar varsa, kurban eşit oranda bu adaletsizlik intikamını almak için doğru, hatta bir zorunluluk vardır. kimse kasten size haksızlık varsa, ve ne de adalet talep etmedi günahkâr onun tarafından size borçlu olduğunu onun af, sonra borç için sordun / onu, sadece bir hareket yoluyla (bir zamanlar adalet yerine getirilebilir intikam ya da Jirga meclisinin kararı) yapılan yanlış karşılık sağlanmıştır.
* Kardeşlik ve güven – diğer Peştun kardeşler güvenilir olması gerektiğini ve büyük ölçüde mümkün destekli inanç.
* Onur – Peştunlar bağımsızlık ve insan onurunu korumak zorundadır. Onur birinin şeref ve gururunu korumak Peştun toplumun ve onun çok önemli büyük önem taşımaktadır.
* Öz saygı – Bireysel sipariş özellikle de bilmiyorum, bunu yapabilmek için de kendisine ve başkalarına saygılı olmalıdır. Saygı aile üyeleri ve akrabalar arasında, evde başlar.
* Şefkat ve işbirliği – fakir, zayıf, ve meydan desteklenmesi gerekir. Dahil dışlanmaya tercih edilmelidir. ve zulüm, faşizm ve çok istekli gruplara karşı savunmak çalışmak için akıllı ve daha sonra ilk sabit.
* Aile – Aile eşleri, kızları, yaşlıların, anne, oğulları ve kocaları için saygı ile sorumluluk ve görev kutsal bir mahkumiyet altında övmek gerekir.
Adam Peştun için dikkat edilmesi gereken – * Biz bir aileyiz. kabileleri yüzlerce olabilir, ancak birbirleriyle birlik bir kaderi var.
* Bilgi – Peştunlar Tanrı tarafından verilen meyve kabul edilen hayat, sanat, bilim, kültür ve objektif bilgi isteyin.
* Peştun geçmişi – Büyük değer Peştun tarih, trajediler ve zaferlerden yerleştirilir. O “çok hangi tarihin kendisi altında yok oldu, gerçeği arama devam etmek, zihin açık tutmak için” Peştunlar öğretir.
* Kötü Fight – Evil iyi ile sürekli savaş yer almaktadır. Kötü mücadele edilmeli ve iyi kötü üzerinde hakim olmalıdır. O / o ile yüz yüze geldiğinde kötü mücadele için bir Peştunlar görevidir.
* Dürüstlük ve Promise – Bir Peştun, sözlerini tutmak ve her durumda ve zaman dürüst olduğu için bilinir. Gerçek bir Peştun olan sözlerinin sonu asla.
* Konaklama-Peştunlar tüm misafirler ve büyük bir saygı ile evlerine girmek her zaman söyleyerek tek gitmek davranmak.

Pashtunwali – Russian Version / Пуштунвали – русская версия

Пуштунских Вали является неписаным демократических, социально-политической культуры, права и идеологии общества пуштунов, унаследовали от своих предков и несущая на нынешнее поколение, как правовой и моральный кодекс, который определяет общественный порядок и ответственность.

Это древний “кодекс чести”, который принадлежит пуштунов Афганистана и Пакистана, в том числе пуштунских общин по всему миру. Пуштунов объятия древних традиционных, духовных и общинной идентичности связана с множеством моральных кодексов и правил поведения, который является гибким и динамичным, содержащие современные и древние принципы.
Эта система управляется всех социальных и внутренних дел общества пуштунов до и после ислама. Он создал малых и больших местных органов власти в Центральной и Южной Азии, и это социально практикуется большинством.

Пуштунских Вали способствует самоуважению, независимости, справедливости, гостеприимство, любовь, прощение, месть и терпимости по отношению ко всем, особенно с незнакомыми людьми и гостей. Все эти кодексы поведения являются полезными в поддержании социальных и моральных сдержек и противовесов в обществе пуштунов. Считается, личной ответственности каждого пуштунского, чтобы обнаружить и заново открыть для себя пуштунских Вали сущность и значение.

За 8 веков “национализм пуштунов формируется политическая центрального правительства в первый раз в 12 веке, а затем создали сильное централизованное правительство в середине 18 века.
Все малые и большие племена и этнические группы приняли участие в реформе и совершенствованию государственного управления и в различных экономических, социальных и культурных аспектов. С укрепление отношений между этими этническими группами в социально-экономические вопросы, пуштунов национализм был преобразован в афганской национализма.
Пуштунских вали это первый камень фундамента, пуштунов национализм второй и афганского национализма является третьей и эволюционные фазы политической структуры.

Коды;

* Вера – вера в Бога (известный как “Аллах”) понятие доверия в Единого Творца.
* Хорошие мысли, хорошие слова, добрые дела – пуштунские всегда должны стремиться к мышления хорошие мысли, говорить хорошие слова и делать добрые дела.
* Поведение – пуштуны должны вести себя уважительно по отношению ко всем творениям, включая людей, животных и окружающей среды вокруг них. Загрязнение окружающей среды и / или его уничтожения против Вали пуштунов.
* Единства – над языках они говорят, выше крови они держат, выше сумму денег, которую они делают, пуштунских Вали объединяет пуштунов, как один народ во всем мире. Там, где есть подлинное единство, все усилия, чтобы разъединить их будет только способствовать укреплению единства у них есть. Что происходит с одним – случается со всеми.
* Равенство – Каждый человек равны. Каждый человек хочет сказать в своем будущем, и он будет бороться за право, чтобы его мнение было услышано. Все люди должны поэтому иметь дело друг с другом, с надлежащим вежливость и уважение, и никто не может навязывать свою волю другому.
* Гостеприимство и святилище – Быть гостеприимным для всех, и специально для гостей, даже самых враждебных врагов может (если просили) предоставляется убежище, убежище или защиту, а также продовольствия и другой помощи.
* Юстиции и прощение – Если намеренно обиды другого, потерпевший имеет право, даже обязанность, чтобы отомстить за эту несправедливость в равной пропорции. Если намеренно обидел тебя, и ты не искал справедливости и не правонарушителя просим вас за его / ее о прощении, то долг, это объясняется вам его / ее, которые могут быть выполнены только один раз правосудия (через акт мести или решение Совета джирги) была предоставлена компенсация неправильно сделали.
* Братства и доверия – вера в то, что братьям пуштунских, или сестер, должно быть надежным и содействие в максимально возможной степени.
* Честь – пуштуны должны сохранять свою независимость и человеческое достоинство. Честь имеет большое значение в пуштунского общества и его очень важно сохранить свою честь и гордость.
* Самоуважение – Люди должны уважать себя и других, чтобы быть в состоянии сделать это, особенно тех, кого они не знают. Уважение начинается дома, между членами семьи и родственниками.
* Доброта и сотрудничества – бедных, слабых, и оспаривается должны быть поддержаны. Включение должно быть предпочтительным для изоляции. Чтобы защититься от тирании, фашизма и переусердствовать групп и работать умные, а затем тяжело.
* Семья – семье должен быть прославлен в священных убеждение ответственность и обязанность по отношению к женам, дочерям, старейшины, родители, сыновья и мужья.
* Мы одна семья – сотрудник пуштунских нужно беречь. Там могут быть сотни племен, но они имеют одну судьбу в союзе друг с другом.
* Знание – пуштуны искать объективные знания в жизни, искусства, науки и культуры, которые считаются плоды, предоставленных Богом.
* Пуштунских истории – Великая значение помещается в пуштунских истории, трагедий и побед. Она учит пуштунов “держать ум открытым, чтобы продолжить поиск истины, большая часть которых исчезла под самой истории”.
* Бороться со злом – зло на постоянной войны с хорошим. Зло должно быть сражались и хорошо должны превалировать над злом. Это обязанность пуштунов, чтобы бороться со злом, когда он / она встречается лицом к лицу с ним.
* Честность и Promise – пуштунские известен выполняют своих обещаний и быть честными в любой ситуации и времени. Истинной пуштунских не нарушу свое обещание.
* Гостеприимство-пуштунов относиться ко всем гостям и люди, которые входят свои дома с большим уважением и всегда идут одним говорю.

Pashtunwali – Hebrew Version / פשטוני ואלי – עברית גירסה

פשטוני ואלי הוא לא כתוב דמוקרטית, חברתית פוליטית, תרבות החוק ואת האידיאולוגיה של החברה פשטוני, בירושה אבותיהם ואת הספק על הדור הנוכחי כקוד החוקית והמוסרית הקובע הסדר החברתי והאחריות.

זהו “קוד הכבוד” עתיק השייך פשטוני של אפגניסטן ופקיסטן, לרבות קהילות פשטוני ברחבי העולם. פשטוני לאמץ רוחנית עתיקה המסורתי, ולאחר הזהות הקהילתית קשורה לקבוצה של קודים מוסריים וכללי התנהגות כי הוא גמיש ודינמי, הכולל עקרונות מודרניים ועתיקים.
מערכת זו הצליחה כל הרווחה הפנימית של החברה פשטוני לפני ואחרי האיסלאם. זה יצר ממשלות מקומיות קטנות וגדולות במרכז ודרום אסיה הוא התאמן חברתית על ידי הרוב.

פשטוני ואלי מקדמת כבוד עצמי, עצמאות, צדק,, האירוח אהבה, סליחה, נקמה סובלנות כלפי כל, במיוחד זרים ואורחים. כל אלה הם קודי התנהגות מסייעת לשמור על המחאות חברתית ומוסרית ויתרות בחברה פשטוני. זה נחשב האחריות האישית של כל פשטוני לגלות מחדש לגלות מהות ואלי פשטוני ומשמעות.

במשך 8 המאות “הלאומיות פשטוני הקים ממשלה מרכזית הפוליטית בפעם הראשונה במאה ה -12 ולאחר מכן הוקמה ממשלה מרכזית חזקה באמצע המאה ה -18.
כל קבוצות קטנות וגדולות שבטים אתניים השתתפו הרפורמה ושיפור של הממשל הממשלה ואת היבטיה השונים הכלכלי, החברתי והתרבותי. עם חיזוק הקשרים בין אלו קבוצות אתניות בענייני כלכלית חברתית, הלאומיות פשטוני הפך הלאומיות האפגני.
פשטוני ואלי היא אבן היסוד הראשונה, הלאומנות פשטוני הוא השני ללאומיות אפגניסטן היא השלב השלישי אבולוציונית של מבנה פוליטי.

הקודים הם;

* אמונה – אמון באלוהים (הידועה בשם “אללה”) הרעיון של אמון בבורא אחד.
* טוב מחשבות, מילים טובות, מעשים טובים – פשטוני חייב תמיד לחתור לחשוב מחשבות טובות, אומרת מילים טובות ולעשות מעשים טובים.
* התנהגות – פשטוני צריך להתנהג בכבוד כלפי כל היצירות לרבות אנשים, בעלי חיים ואיכות הסביבה סביבם. זיהום הסביבה ו / או להשמדתה נגד ואלי פשטוני.
* אחדות – מעל שפות הם דוברים, מעל הדם הם שומרים, מעל סכום הכסף שהם עושים, ואלי פשטוני המאחד את פשטוני כאחד האנשים ברחבי העולם. איפה יש אחדות אמיתית, כל מאמץ כדי disunite מהם ישמש אך ורק כדי לחזק את האחדות להם. מה קורה אחד – קורה לכל.
* שוויון – כל אדם הוא שווה. כל גבר רוצה לומר בעתיד שלו והוא יילחם על זכותו להיות דעותיו שמע. כל האנשים חייבים אפוא להתמודד אחד עם השני, בנימוס את הכבוד הנכון או ואיש לא יכול לכפות את רצונם על מנת אחרת.
* האירוח המקדש – להיות מסבירי פנים לכולם, במיוחד לאורחים, אפילו עוינת ביותר של אויבים עשויים (אם ביקש) יסופק, מקלט מקלט או הגנה כמו גם מזון וסיוע אחר.
* המשפטים סליחה – אם אחד במכוון עוולות אחרת, הקורבן יש זכות, אפילו חובה, כדי לנקום את העוול ביחס שווה. אם אחד יש לו עוול בכוונה, ואתה לא מחפשים צדק ולא העושה בסדר לבקש ממך סליחה שלו / שלה, ואז חוב, הוא חייב לך ע”י אותו / אותה, אשר יכול להיות רק מילא פעם אחת צדק (דרך מעשה נקמה או את ההחלטה של מועצת הג ‘ירגה) סופקה פיצוי על העוול שנעשה.
* האחים ואמון – האמונה כי הבחור אחים או אחיות פשטוני צריך להיות מהימן וסייע ככל האפשר.
* כבוד – פשטוני חייב לשמור על עצמאותם ועל כבוד האדם. כבוד יש חשיבות רבה בחברה פשטוני וחשוב מאוד לשמר כבוד של אחד או גאווה.
כבוד עצמי * – אנשים חייבים לכבד את עצמם ואחרים על מנת להיות מסוגלים לעשות זאת, במיוחד אלה שהם לא יודעים. כבוד מתחיל בבית, בין בני משפחה וקרובים.
* חמלה ושיתוף פעולה – העניים, החלשים, ואת תיגר חייב להיות נתמך. הכללה חייב להיות העדיף הדרה. כדי להתגונן מפני קבוצות עריצות, פאשיזם overzealous ו לעבוד חכם הראשון וקשה מכן.
* משפחה – המשפחה חייב להיות מהולל תחת הרשעה המקודש של האחריות והחובה ביחס לנשים, בנות, זקנים, הורים, בנים, בעליהן.
* אנחנו משפחה אחת – עמית פשטוני חייב להיות מטופל. אולי יש מאות שבטים, אבל יש להם אחד הגורל באיגוד אחד עם השני.
* הידע – פשטוני לחפש ידע אובייקטיבי בחיים, אומנות, מדע, תרבות, אשר נחשבים פירות שניתנו על ידי אלוהים.
* היסטוריה פשטוני – ערך רב מושם פשטוני, טרגדיות בהיסטוריה ניצחונות. זה מלמד פשטוני “לשמור על ראש פתוח, כדי להמשיך את החיפוש אחר האמת, הרבה מהם נעלם תחת ההיסטוריה עצמה”.
* להלחם הרשע – הרשע נמצאת במלחמה מתמדת עם טוב. הרע חייב להיות לחם טוב חייב לגבור על הרע. זוהי חובה פשטוני להילחם הרע כאשר הוא / היא מגיע פנים אל פנים עם זה.
* יושר יעוד – פשטוני ידועה קיום הבטחות שלהם להיות כנים בכל המצבים פעמים. פשטוני אמיתי לעולם לא להפר את ההבטחה שלהם.
* אירוח-פשטוני להתייחס לכל האורחים אנשים נכנסים לבתים שלהם עם כבוד רב ותמיד ללכת על ידי אחד אומר.

Pashtunwali – Hindi Version / पश्तून वली – हिन्दी संस्करण

पश्तून वाली एक अलिखित लोकतांत्रिक, सामाजिक और राजनीतिक संस्कृति, कानून और पख्तून समाज की विचारधारा, एक कानूनी और नैतिक कोड है कि सामाजिक व्यवस्था और जिम्मेदारियों को निर्धारित करता है के रूप में वर्तमान पीढ़ी को अपने पूर्वजों से विरासत में मिली और वाहक है.

यह है कि अफगानिस्तान और पाकिस्तान के पश्तून के अंतर्गत आता है, दुनिया भर में पश्तून समुदाय सहित एक प्राचीन “सम्मान का कोड है.” पश्तून एक प्राचीन पारंपरिक आध्यात्मिक, गले, और सांप्रदायिक पहचान नैतिक कोड और व्यवहार के नियमों का एक सेट है कि लचीला और गतिशील है, आधुनिक और प्राचीन सिद्धांतों से युक्त करने के लिए बंधे.
इस प्रणाली से पहले और बाद इस्लाम पख्तून समाज के सभी सामाजिक और आंतरिक मामलों में कामयाब रहा है. यह मध्य और दक्षिण एशिया में छोटे और बड़े स्थानीय सरकारों बनाया गया है और यह सामाजिक रूप से बहुमत से अभ्यास किया है.

पश्तून वली आत्म सम्मान, स्वतंत्रता, न्याय, सत्कार, प्रेम, क्षमा, और सभी की ओर सहिष्णुता को बढ़ावा देता है बदला, विशेष रूप से अजनबी और मेहमानों के लिए. आचरण के इन सभी कोड पश्तून समाज के भीतर सामाजिक और नैतिक नियंत्रण और संतुलन को बनाए रखने में सहायक होते हैं. यह हर पश्तून के एक निजी जिम्मेदारी माना जाता है पता चलता है और फिर से पश्तून वली सार और अर्थ की खोज की.

पख्तून राष्ट्रवाद आठ सदियों के लिए ’12 वीं सदी में पहली बार किसी राजनीतिक केंद्रीय सरकार का गठन और फिर मध्य 18 वीं शताब्दी में एक मजबूत केंद्रीकृत सरकार की स्थापना की.
सभी छोटे और बड़े जनजातियों और जातीय समूहों और सरकार के प्रशासन में सुधार के सुधार में और इसके विभिन्न आर्थिक, सामाजिक और सांस्कृतिक पहलुओं में भाग लिया. सामाजिक और आर्थिक मामलों में इन जातीय समूहों के बीच संबंधों को मजबूत बनाने के साथ, पख्तून राष्ट्रवाद अफगान राष्ट्रवाद में तब्दील हो गया था.
पश्तून वाली पहली नींव का पत्थर है, पख्तून राष्ट्रवाद दूसरे नंबर पर है और अफगान राष्ट्रवाद राजनीतिक संरचना के तीसरे और विकासवादी चरण है.

कोड रहे हैं;

* विश्वास – भगवान (के रूप में ‘अल्लाह’ में जाना) एक निर्माता में भरोसा करने की धारणा में विश्वास करते हैं.
* अच्छा विचार, अच्छा शब्द, शुभ कर्म – एक पश्तून हमेशा अच्छे विचारों को सोच, अच्छे शब्द बोल रहा है और अच्छे कर्म करने की दिशा में प्रयास करना चाहिए.
* व्यवहार – पश्तून सम्मान से लोगों, पशुओं और उनके आसपास के वातावरण सहित सभी रचनाओं के प्रति व्यवहार करना चाहिए. पर्यावरण के प्रदूषण और / या उसके विनाश पश्तून वली के खिलाफ है.
* एकता – भाषाओं वे खून वे पैसे की राशि है कि वे कर से ऊपर रखने के लिए,, पश्तून वाली दुनिया भर में एक लोगों के रूप में पश्तून एकजुट ऊपर बात करते हैं, ऊपर. जहां सत्य एकता, हर बांटना उन्हें केवल करने के लिए एकता वे मजबूत बनाने की सेवा करेंगे प्रयास है. क्या एक को होता है – सभी को होता है.
* समानता – हर आदमी बराबर है. हर आदमी चाहता है एक अपने भविष्य में कहते हैं और वह अपने अधिकार के लिए लड़ने के लिए है अपनी राय सुना होगा. इसलिए सभी लोगों को एक दूसरे के साथ उचित सभ्यता या सम्मान करते हैं और कोई दूसरी को उनकी मर्जी लगाया जा सकता है एक के साथ सौदा होगा.
* आतिथ्य और अभयारण्य – होने के नाते हर किसी के लिए सत्कारशील है, और मेहमानों के लिए विशेष रूप से, यहां तक कि सबसे दुश्मनों के प्रतिकूल हो सकता है (यदि पूछा) अभयारण्य शरण, या संरक्षण के रूप में अच्छी तरह से भोजन और अन्य सहायता प्रदान की है.
* और न्यायमूर्ति क्षमा – यदि एक जानबूझकर एक और खामियों, शिकार अधिकार, यहां तक कि एक दायित्व, के बराबर अनुपात में इस अन्याय का बदला लेने की है. यदि एक जानबूझकर तुम्हारे साथ गलत है, और तुम न्याय नहीं चाहते और न ही किया था गलत कर्ता आप उसे अपनी माफी माँगने के लिए, एक ऋण तो है, उसके द्वारा आप के लिए होता था / उसकी है, जो केवल एक बार न्याय को पूरा कर सकते हैं एक अधिनियम के माध्यम से (हो बदला या जिरगा परिषद के निर्णय) के लिए गलत किया मुआविज़ा प्रदान की गई है.
* ब्रदरहुड और विश्वास – विश्वास है कि पश्तून साथी भाई या बहन और भरोसेमंद होना चाहिए बड़ी संभव हद तक सहायता प्रदान की.
* ऑनर – पश्तून अपनी स्वतंत्रता और मानवीय गरिमा को बनाए रखने चाहिए. न्यायाधीश पश्तून समाज और इसकी बहुत महत्वपूर्ण में बहुत महत्व है एक सम्मान या गौरव को बनाए रखने की है.
* स्व सम्मान – व्यक्ति खुद को और दूसरों का सम्मान करने के लिए ऐसा करने के लिए, खासकर जो वे नहीं जानते कि सक्षम होना चाहिए. सम्मान घर पर परिवार के सदस्यों और रिश्तेदारों के बीच शुरू होता है.
* और करुणा सहयोग – गरीब, कमजोर, और चुनौती दी समर्थित होना चाहिए. शामिल किए जाने के बहिष्करण को प्राथमिकता दी जानी चाहिए. करने के लिए अत्याचार, फासीवाद और अति उत्साही समूहों के खिलाफ की रक्षा करने के लिए और काम स्मार्ट पहली और फिर मुश्किल है.
* परिवार – परिवार पत्नियों, बेटियों, बुजुर्गों, माता पिता, पुत्र, पति और के लिए सम्मान के साथ एक जिम्मेदारी और कर्तव्य की पवित्र विश्वास के तहत महिमा होना चाहिए.
साथी पश्तून के लिए परवाह किया जाना चाहिए – * हम एक परिवार हैं. वहाँ जनजातियों के सैकड़ों हो सकता है, लेकिन वे एक दूसरे के साथ संघ में एक भाग्य है.
पश्तून जीवन, कला, विज्ञान और संस्कृति में उद्देश्य ज्ञान, जो परमेश्वर की ओर से दी गई फल माना जाता है की तलाश – ज्ञान *.
पश्तून इतिहास * – ग्रेट मूल्य पश्तून इतिहास त्रासदियों और जीत में रखा गया है. यह पश्तून सिखाता है “के लिए खुले मन रखने के लिए, सत्य की खोज जारी है, जिनमें से बहुत ही इतिहास में गायब हो गया है”.
* बुराई से लड़ने – ईविल अच्छा के साथ लगातार युद्ध में है. बुराई और लड़ा जाना चाहिए बुराई पर अच्छाई प्रबल होगा. यह एक पश्तून को बुराई से लड़ने जब वह / वह चेहरा आता है इसके साथ सामना कर्तव्य है.
* ईमानदारी और वादा – एक पश्तून अपने वादे रखने और सभी परिस्थितियों और समय पर ईमानदार होने के लिए जाना जाता है. एक सच पश्तून अपना वादा कभी नहीं टूटेगा.
* आतिथ्य-पश्तून सभी मेहमानों और जो लोग महान सम्मान के साथ उनके घरों में प्रवेश करने और हमेशा एक से जाना कह इलाज.

Pashtunwali – Persian Version / ولی پشتون — نسخه فارسی

پشتون ولی نانوشته دموکراتیک ، اجتماعی و سیاسی فرهنگ ، قانون و ایدئولوژی از جامعه پشتون ، از پدران و حامل خود را به نسل حاضر به عنوان یک کد حقوقی و اخلاقی که تعیین کننده نظم اجتماعی و مسئولیت های به ارث برده است.

این باستان “کد افتخار” که متعلق به پشتون ها از افغانستان و پاکستان ، از جمله جوامع پشتون در سراسر جهان است. پشتون ها در آغوش سنتی باستانی ، معنوی ، و هویت جمعی به مجموعه ای از کدهای اخلاقی و قواعد رفتار است که انعطاف پذیر و پویا ، که حاوی اصول مدرن و باستان گره خورده است.
این سیستم تمام امور اجتماعی و درونی جامعه پشتون قبل و بعد از اسلام اداره می شود. این را ایجاد کرده است دولت های بزرگ و کوچک محلی در آسیای مرکزی و جنوبی است و اجتماعی توسط اکثریت انجام می شود.

پشتون ولی ترویج احترام به خود ، استقلال ، عدالت ، مهمان نوازی ، عشق ، بخشش ، انتقام و تحمل نسبت به همه ، به خصوص به غریبه ها و مهمانان. همه این کدهای رفتاری هستند مفید در حفظ چک های اخلاقی و اجتماعی و توازن ، در درون جامعه پشتون. است در نظر گرفته مسئولیت شخصی هر پشتون را به کشف و دوباره کشف ذات و معنی پشتون ولی.

برای 8 قرن ‘ناسیونالیسم پشتون سیاسی دولت مرکزی برای اولین بار در قرن 12th شکل گرفته و پس از آن یک دولت قوی مرکزی در اواسط قرن 18 تاسیس شده است.
همه گروه های کوچک و بزرگ قبایل و اقوام و شرکت در اصلاح و بهبود از دولت دولت و مختلف آن در جنبه های اقتصادی ، اجتماعی و فرهنگی است. با تقویت روابط میان این گروه های قومی در امور اجتماعی و اقتصادی ، ناسیونالیسم را به ناسیونالیسم پشتون افغانستان تبدیل شده است.
پشتون است ولی سنگ پایه اول ، ناسیونالیسم پشتون دوم است و ملی گرایی افغانی است مرحله سوم و تکامل ساختار سیاسی است.

کد هستند ؛

* ایمان — اعتماد به خدا (معروف به “خدا”) مفهوم اعتماد به خالق یکی.
* افکار خوب ، خوب واژه ها ، کردار نیک — پشتون باید همیشه نسبت به افکار خوب ، زبان گفتار نیک و انجام عمل صالح تلاش.
* رفتار — پشتون ها با احترام رفتار می کنند باید نسبت به تمام مخلوقات از جمله انسانها ، جانوران و محیط اطراف آنها را. آلودگی محیط زیست و / یا تخریب آن است ولی در برابر پشتون.
* وحدت — بالاتر از زبان آنها صحبت می کنند ، بالاتر از خون آنها را نگهداری کرد ، بالاتر از مقدار پول آنها را ، ولی پشتون متحد پشتون به عنوان یک نفر در سراسر جهان است. درست است که در آن وحدت ، هر تلاش برای جدا کردن آنها را تنها در خدمت وحدت آنها برای تقویت وجود دارد. چه اتفاقی می افتد به یک — اتفاق می افتد به همه.
* برابری — هر مرد برابر است. هر مردی می خواهد در آینده اش می گویند و او را برای حق خود مبارزه به آراء و نظرات او شنیده می شود. همه مردم به همین خاطر باید با یکدیگر برخورد ، با نزاکت مناسب و یا احترام و هیچ کس نمی تواند اراده خود بر خود را به دیگری تحمیل کنند.
* مهمان نوازی و پناهگاه — مهمان نواز بودن به همه و بهخصوص به مهمان ها ، حتی دشمن ترین دشمنان ممکن است (در صورتی که برای خواسته) ارائه شود محراب ، پناهندگی و یا حفاظت و همچنین مواد غذایی و سایر کمک ها.
* عدالت و بخشش — اگر کسی عمدا خطاهای دیگر ، قربانی حق دارد ، حتی تعهد ، به انتقام این بی عدالتی به نسبت برابر است. اگر کسی عمدا به شما ستم ، و تو عدالت به دنبال ندارد و نه ستمکار از شما درخواست برای / بخشش خود را ، پس بدهی ، توسط او را به تو بدهکار / او ، که تنها می تواند یک بار تحقق عدالت (از طریق عمل انتقام یا تصمیم شورای جرگه) ارائه شده است به پاداش اشتباه انجام می شود.
* اخوان و اعتماد — اعتقاد به این که برادران پشتون ها یا خواهران باید مورد اعتماد و کمک به بیشترین حد ممکن است.
* افتخار — باید استقلال خود را پشتون و کرامت انسانی را حفظ کند. افتخار دارای اهمیت زیادی در جامعه پشتون و آن را بسیار مهم برای حفظ افتخار یک یا غرور.
* احترام به خود — افراد باید خود و دیگران به منظور قادر به انجام این کار ، به ویژه کسانی که آنها نمی دانند که احترام. احترام را در خانه آغاز می شود ، در میان اعضای خانواده و بستگان.
* شفقت و همکاری — فقیر ، ضعیف است ، و باید به چالش کشیده پشتیبانی می کند. ورود باید به محرومیت ترجیح داده میشود. برای دفاع در برابر استبداد ، فاشیسم و بیش از متعصب گروه ها و به کار هوشمند برای اولین بار و پس از آن سخت است.
* خانواده — خانواده باید تحت محکومیت مقدس از مسئولیت و وظیفه را با احترام به همسر ، فرزند ، بزرگان ، والدین ، فرزندان ، همسران و ستایش.
* ما یک خانواده — همکار پشتون باید برای اهمیت نداده ام. ممکن است صدها نفر از قبایل ، اما آنها در سرنوشت یک اتحادیه با یکدیگر.
* دانش — پشتون ها به دنبال دانش هدف در زندگی ، هنر ، علوم ، و فرهنگ را که در نظر گرفته میوه داده شده توسط خدا.
* پشتون تاریخ — ارزش بزرگ است در پشتون تاریخ ، تراژدی و پیروزی قرار گرفته است. می آموزد پشتون “به نگه داشتن ذهن باز ، برای ادامه جستجو برای حقیقت ، بسیاری از است که در زیر تاریخ خود از میان رفت”.
* مبارزه با شر — شیطان در جنگ مداوم با خوب است. ایول باید مبارزه کرد و خوب باید بر شر غلبه کنی. این وظیفه پشتون ها برای مبارزه با بد وقتی که او / او دارد می آید چهره به چهره با آن است.
* صداقت و قول — پشتون است برای نگه داشتن وعده های خود و صادق بودن در همه شرایط و زمان شناخته شده است. پشتون درست خواهد شد به عهد خود هرگز از.
* نوازی – پشتون درمان همه مهمانان و کسانی که وارد خانه خود را با احترام فراوان و همیشه به توسط یکی گفت.

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