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My words and my answer to those who hate me

I am a brave person with a power of confidence and knowledge who have always accepted risk in his life and I have enjoyed standing against extremism. Do what you want to do, do whatever you can do. I am a lion whose nature is to die like a soldier and live like a leader.

A Wife who killed her Husband

Samarinda, East Kalimantan

December 20, 2011

Marsih, An employee of Resort City Police Samarinda, East Kalimantan, poured by gasoline and burned her own husband. She suffered burns up to 60 percent. The act was done in front of the child victim. It was done by Sumantri because he is reluctant to divorce from his wife. Not only Marsih,Sumantri also affected by a bolt of fire and suffered 40 percent burns. Both were treated at the Islamic Hospital Samarinda. Currently the police are still asking the details number of witnesses from the family. Perpetrator closely guarded for fear of escape.

Domestic Violence

Based on Act No. 23 of 2004 on the Elimination of Domestic Violence Law of Indonesia; domestic violence  is any action against a person, especially women, which result in misery or suffering physical, sexual, psychological, and / or negligence of household including threat to commit acts, coercion, or deprivation of liberty against the law within the domestic sphere.

Elimination of Domestic Violence Law was born through a long struggle for about seven years conducted the women’s movement activists of the share element.  In Indonesia, a formal legally, these provisions come into force since 2004. The mission of this Act is an effort, endeavor for the elimination of domestic violence. With this provision, means the state could attempt to prevent the occurrence of domestic violence, prosecution of domestic violence and protect victims of domestic violence.

Something that previously could not happen, because it is considered as an internal matter of one’s family. The reason is expressly said that, the action physical violence, psychological, sexual, and neglect of household (economic abandonment) done within the domestic sphere is a crime. These actions may be common and can occur between the husband to his wife and vice versa, or parents against their children. As legislation that requires special arrangements, in addition to criminal sanctions contained setting, this law also regulates the procedural law, the obligation of the state in providing immediate protection to victims who report. Thus, it can be said that this provision is an important legal breakthrough for efforts to uphold human rights, especially protection against those who have been harmed in a family or household order.

In numbers, wives who are victims of domestic violence was 96 percent, of the total 136 thousand more cases of violence in personal relationships. The pattern is dominated by domestic violence sexual and psychological violence. While physical violence is smaller in number under the economic violence. Violence against women also occurs during courtship, violence by ex-husband or ex-boyfriend, and against domestic workers. Violence against women as whole rise 263 percent to 143.586 cases during 2009 (January to December).

Causes of domestic violence

In Indonesia, domestic violence is difficult to resolve, it is because many people who do not know that their actions or action that they are received from their partner is included in domestic violence, and perpetrators may also feel that his actions were protected by the prevailing norms in society, that is not polite when intervene in the household of others when there are fights (internal matter). This norm has indirectly led to the perpetrator feel protected from state laws when they are apply to domestic violence.

It also can cause by:

1) The public raising boys by growing confidence that the boys should be strong, brave and intolerant.
2) Men and women are not positioned equally in society.

3) Perceptions of violence in the household must be closed because it is a family problem and not a social problem.

4) an erroneous understanding of religious teachings about the rules educate wives, wives to their husbands obedience, respect for the position of her husband resulting in the perception that men should control women.

5) Culture that wife relies on her husband, especially economics.

6) Personality and psychological conditions of husband who is not stable.

7) Have experienced violence in childhood.

8) Culture that men are considered superior and women inferior.

9) Doing imitation, especially the boys who live with parents who often do violence to his mother or himself.

Effort to recover the victims on domestic violence

Elimination of Domestic Violence Law is the first regulation governing the rights of victims. Rights of victims of domestic violence in the Elimination of Domestic Violence Law  in Article 10 which include the following:

1. protection of the family, police, prosecutors, courts, advocates, social institutions, or any other party either temporarily or based on the determination of a court protection order;

2. Health services in accordance with medical needs;

3. Special handling related to the confidentiality of the victim;

4. Assistance by social workers and legal assistance at every level of the examination process in accordance with the provisions of legislation; and

5. Spiritual guidance services.

Efforts to prevent domestic violence are a mutual obligation between the government and society. This corresponds to a locus of domestic violence in the private sphere, so the government cannot simply go in and monitor the household directly. And so we need community involvement in monitoring and preventing the occurrence of domestic violence in the neighborhood. The obligation of this community accommodated in articles 14 and 15 of Elimination of Domestic Violence Law. Even in chapter 15 are detailed on duty “every person who heard, saw, or know the occurrence of domestic violence shall make efforts in accordance with the limit of his ability to a) prevent the continuation of crime; b) provide protection to victims; c) to provide relief emergency; and d) assist the application process protection setting.

Article 44 of Law Number 23 Year 2004 on domestic violence.

  1. Anyone committing acts of violence,  physical within the domestic sphere as referred to in Article 5 letter a shall be punished with imprisonment of 5 (five) years or a maximum fine of Rp 15,000,000.00 (fifteen million rupiahs).
  2. In the event that acts as referred to in paragraph (1) resulted in the victim had fallen ill or serious injury, shall be punished with imprisonment of 10 (ten) years or a fine of not more Rp30.000.000, 00 (thirty million rupiahs).
  3. In the event that acts as referred to in paragraph (2) resulted in the death of the victim, shall be punished with imprisonment of 15 (fifteen) years or a maximum fine of Rp 45,000,000.00 (forty five million rupiahs).

It not only happens in Indonesia but even in developed and advance countries like Australia recently Rajini Narayan who killed her husband by burning first his penis and then him completely. Have a look at the full story what had gone between them and male who think himself always superior and powerful to woman. However it seems like slowly but gradually women are claiming their rights which they could have claimed much earlier.

A woman who burned her husband to death after “snapping momentarily” has become the third battered wife in seven years to avoid jail for manslaughter in Australian court history.

The Supreme Court today suspended Rajini Narayan’s six-year sentence for killing her cheating husband, Satish, in December 2008.

Justice John Sulan said the killing was due to “momentary” anger and “muddled” thinking, and that Narayan was truly remorseful for her actions.

“Although it is often said … that a suspended sentence is not a sentence at all, it’s a real sentence and can be brought into effect if there is a failure to comply with specified conditions,” he said.

“It is wrong to regard suspended sentences as letting an offender walk free as if he or she has not been punished.

“It seems (Narayan) has suffered a great deal already.”

Narayan, who sat with her back to the public gallery for much of the hearing, fought back tears as the sentence was announced.

Her eldest daughter ran to the front of the court room to embrace and kiss her mother.

Narayan, 46, is the third woman in seven years to avoid an immediate jail term for manslaughter.

In 2004, Riverland woman Gwenda Elaine Savcic received a suspended three-year term for killing her husband, Mark.

Savcic fatally stabbed her husband with a samurai sword after silently enduring 19 years of abuse at his hands.

Justice Ted Mullighan ruled the stabbing – the first time Savcic had ever stood up to her husband – was an act of “excessive self-defence”.

In 2009, Noreen Jessamine Weetra received a suspended five-year term for killing her partner, Ross Owen Calyun.

Police had been called to the couple’s home 10 times in three years before Weetra struck back, stabbing Calyun in the heart in front of her children.

Justice Margaret Nyland dubbed her actions “rare and exceptional”, and therefore deserving of a “merciful approach” in sentencing.

Narayan stood trial in the Supreme Court for murder last year.

Prosecutors had alleged she deliberately set her husband, Satish, alight in December 2008 after confronting him about his affair.

Narayan denied this, saying her intention was to “circumcise and purify” her husband  who had physically and verbally abused her for 22 years.

She said she wanted to “burn a dot on his penis” with petrol and an “angel candle” she had been given by a fortune teller so that he would not leave her for the other woman.

She compared her “bizarre” idea to the Hindu love story of Lord Ram, who proved the purity of his wife, Sita, with fire after rescuing her from a demon king.

“It would be like circumcision, or just like he placed that red dot on my forehead at the wedding,” she said at trial.

“It was like I had all the powers of the goddess to save my husband, my lord … it did not occur to me that it was going to be dangerous.”

Narayan admitted losing control and throwing the flame and accelerant onto Satish when he called her a “fat bitch”.

Jurors accepted her version of events, acquitting her of murder and finding her guilty of the lesser charge of manslaughter.

In sentencing today, Justice Sulan said Narayan had “deified” her husband and was “shattered” by his betrayal.

He said there was “no doubt” her thinking at the time was “unrealistic, muddled and illogical”.

“For the first time in your life you had confronted your husband, had found the courage to be assertive to the person who had mistreated you for 20 years,” he said.

“His response was to treat you with disdain, dismiss you and turn his back to you (and) you snapped.”

Justice Sulan further ordered Narayan be under Correctional Services supervision for two years, and undertake psychological counseling as ordered.

As woman is becoming more aware and man are becoming more brutal and unforgiving the silence of her soul has now reached at the point of final eruption where now the hidden dark side of once this magnificent human being has now showing her dark side. Man and Woman are just like two sides of one coin and have remained till date but neither of them has ever appreciated or complemented each other. The narrow mind set and venerable behavior of man develops a quality of a deep anger and an uncompromising behavior whereas fear of losing and possessiveness have made woman more reserve and of conservative behavior but as the world becomes more aware of its rights and responsibilities woman too are becoming more open minded and are being more aggressive towards their aims and their self being. This has evolved new twisted positions in the un-balanced relations of opposite genders.

These cases are the new signs of beginning of a new era where woman shares the power in this male dominant world.


Four Letters of Love

SHE suddenly looks out of the window.

“Did I ask you a difficult question?”

“No, no. But it’s a question that has many answers. Have you thought about the meaning of love?”

“Umm… yes… but then who hasn’t!”

“Okay. Why don’t you tell me the meaning of love and I’ll keep listening.”

“Ah and why is that?”

“I find it more interesting if a man talks about love.” She bursts out laughing. “Oh come on I am really curious. I really want to know what you think about love.”

“Okay, okay, Anna you win!” She’s once again turned the tables on me,

“I agree that the question does indeed have many answers. So where would you like me to start?”

“Don’t think too much, Hatef, just say whatever comes to your mind.”

“I am actually thinking what others have already said about love,” I say rubbing my chin. “I can start with Shakespeare’s eternal words: ‘Love does not reason because it has no reasons’. Or perhaps, Aristotle’s: ‘Love is composed of a single soul living in two bodies’ or ‘What is life without love? Love is like the sun; without the light of the sun, there’s no life’. There are others whose names I don’t remember: ‘Love is the most noble weakness of the soul’. Or ‘Whatever your question, Love is the answer’. Or ‘Love is to admire with your heart, admiration is to love with your soul’. Or ‘Love is a disease that makes us unwell when we don’t have it’.

“Hatef,” her interruption has a hint of annoyance, “that’s very impressive, but I’d like to know what you think.”

I’ve got the message, and so I continue: “Well, in my mind love is a lot of things. It’s a powerful feeling… very hard to resist. It’s almost like a chemical reaction. A human being has many layers. And then there are different kinds of love. You can love a car or a house or a certain food.

You can love poetry or football or surfing. You can love your brother or mother or your child, your wife. You can love nature or you can love God. There are many different kinds of love. But I think love is also selfish. It’s both natural and spiritual. Love gives meaning to your life. It

is what makes life worth living when you’re despairing.”

“Hmm… that’s interesting,” she says looking at me with shining eyes,

“love is natural…”

“Yes, the love a mother has for her child is natural. She just gives and gives… to her child unconditionally. She carries the child for nine months, makes him piece by piece from her own tissue and body. She suffers enormous pain giving birth to the child. And she continues giving him her time and energy raising him, trying to make him happy and content.

And if she has to she will happily die for her child. Among animals there are many who mate for life. If one partner dies the other one will not take another. How does a mother learn to love like that? Where does an animal learn to love like that? It is natural. It’s in the blood so to speak… in a mother’s blood, the blood of the animals that mate for life.”

“Do you think that it is the highest kind of love: the love a mother has for her child?”

“Among humans, yes I believe that… the love a mother has for her child is the highest kind of love. And we cannot compare it to any other kind.

This doesn’t mean any other kind of love is less meaningful. I think every sort of love is meaningful and special in its own way. But yes a mother’s love is the purest… because it’s given without expecting anything in return, at least not immediately. It just wishes for the child to

be happy and healthy. And that is my main point. Can we really compare it with any kind of other love?”

“No, I don’t think we can. This love is a great and powerful feeling… I would think… even though I don’t have children…”

“You think right, Anna. The other kinds of love are conditional. They’re bound by expectations. To make them work there has to be a give and take. But these days we think more about taking than giving. Although, none of us would admit it.”

Anna gives me a smile that says ‘I agree’. “So you’re saying, we give to receive but when we don’t receive, we don’t love?”

“Yes, I am saying that. In fact it reminds me of something I once read. I can’t remember exactly who said it but it got me thinking with its simple contradiction. ‘Love is being selfish together’.”

“So if you are selfish alone then there’s no love?”

“Exactly! What I am saying is that both parties need to be selfish for each other. I think there’s no point in a love that is not returned. That kind of love can’t live for long. The other person will only end up getting hurt.”

“So people who say they love someone without being loved in return are actually not in love but in pain?” I like the sound of that question.

“Can it mean anything else?”

“But then, why do people choose to stay with someone who doesn’t love them back?”

“I think it depends upon the kind of person you are. Sometimes people may think what they have is as good as it’ll ever get. And that there’s nothing out there that can make it better for them. It’s a life of convenience and practicality they choose over the lack of love. Some people believe

being in pain is love.”

“Being in pain is love, how?”

“Because the pain makes them feel real… and alive. The more pain someone gives them the closer they feel to that person. I think sacrifice in a relationship is good, because sacrifice is a way of giving. But I think some people only want to sacrifice and expect nothing in return.”

“So you are saying… do whatever makes you happy?”

“Yes. But I’d like to make a differentiation here… whatever might make a person happy, in my opinion, isn’t always love.”

“It is getting a bit confusing, Hatef… if you’re saying a healthy and happy relationship comes from both people being selfish in receiving each other’s love…”

“Yes, because it would mean that giving and receiving will go hand in hand. That way I believe two people complete each other, filled as they are with love for each other. Values like sacrifice, trust, patience, honesty come into play here because these values stand for equality. They also

make a relationship strong.

“Okay and such a relationship is bound to be healthy and will moreover keep alive these wonderful values,” Anna sums it up.

”Yes. Especially because it’s not easy to keep these values alive. They are very precious values for our entire race and if people get attached to them all the more better. It means even if love fades over time people will continue being there for each other just because of these values… It

means you’ll always have someone there for you, in sickness and in health. And you’ll also be there for that person. And that person will be your lover, your best friend in this journey called life. It will also make you forget the less appealing parts of your lover.”

“Just to understand it better, can you elaborate what you call ‘being in love’,” Anna interrupts.

“Well ‘being in love’ is wanting to be with someone because you like being with her. You like the way she looks, you like her touch, the look in her eyes when she looks at you. We call it chemistry. The heat that we feel being around another person. It is exciting and we long to feel it,

keep feeling it. It’s wonderful when this chemistry is reciprocated. But time conquers all. Physical beauty fades as we get older. But still people continue to stay together, even after the reasons that made them fall in love aren’t there anymore. I think with time people go from ‘being in love’ to a love that completes them. A love that glues people together. The values we talked about earlier also help us to fall in love and they remain even when we’re out of love, technically speaking. And that’s why I think it is very important to keep these values alive. They are, I

believe, the ingredients of love.”

The train is now leaving Roedby station.

“Okay,” says Anna, “I understand… that you are trying to convert me…

to your way of thinking.”

“I am only stating my own humble view, Anna.”

“So how does sex fit into all this,” she asks a little hesitantly.

“Well, sex is a very important part of our lives but what is its relation to love? If there’s any! Plato for example believed love to be a deep, spiritual connection between two people. He, in fact, totally denied a sexual element in love. Plato was essentially separating sex from love. And I’d say I don’t disagree with him. I think sex is a human need but its quality and the satisfaction got from it is not the same with everyone you have sex with. Sex with the person you love is special. It has a special passion to it. Sex with someone you don’t love is like eating just to fill your stomach. So in that sense I find it difficult to completely separate sex from love, like Plato did. On the other hand I’d say the sex life of a couple deeply in love may become, how do I say… ‘normal’? Maybe less exciting. At such a point of great familiarity sex may become

predictable and then couples have sex to ‘fill their stomach’.

“I believe the sex life of a couple in love also needs constant work because our sexual limits are far greater than we think. We need to keep exploring them, pushing them in order to keep growing and enriching ourselves.

Tantra, which is an Eastern discipline, is devoted to this kind of constant exploration and enrichment.

“Coming back to the values we talked about earlier… I think people in relationships continue to love each other even if their sex life has becomes monotonous, which anyway is something that can be remedied. What I am essentially saying is that even if the spark isn’t there anymore in the

bedroom a couple can still love each other. From this point of view Plato is right. Love is indeed separate from sex.”

Anna seems quite satisfied with my explanation. “So are you saying that sex is a very important part of life and that we must keep working on it in a relationship… to show our respect for it?”

“You are a good listener, Anna.” I say. “Woman are generally much better listeners than men. You are at this moment a living proof of this for me.”

“Thank you, Hatef, I believe listening is really eighty percent of the process of understanding.”

“Yes this is true, that’s why women are better with feelings and emotions.

They see that much more.”

“Please don’t underestimate yourself, Hatef. From whatever I’ve heard so far I’d say you too see a lot.” I can feel the sides of my face blush.

“You’re very kind, Anna. But I’ve reached this place by a lot of reading, some experience and much thought. A woman, I think, reaches it instinctively.”

This makes Anna smile her angelic smile.

“Well, that may be true but putting effort and energy to understand all this should not go unrecognised. It is in fact even more commendable.

Also because I think it is not always easy for a woman to understand. Also not many men spend that kind of energy and effort trying to find answers to the riddles of love and sex.”

I am by now in a full-blown blush and she’s not helping. “You should feel good about yourself, Hatef, women like men like that.

”But I always thought everyone thought about these things,” I say.

”Believe me, Hatef, I am telling you as a woman… it is not so.”

”In that case I’ll accept your compliment,” I am now smiling despite myself. “I feel quite exceptional now.” We both laugh.

After a few silent moments Anna reaches for her handbag. She takes out some chewing gum, takes a piece and offers me one.

“No thank you, Anna.”

She reaches for her bag again and takes out a can of energy drink.

“Then please take this, I think you need it,” she says.

“No Anna, am all right,” I answer.

“No please. Take it, I am going to quiz you some more… so you need it

more than me,” she says smiling.

“More questions? You really are going to interrogate me some more?”

“Yes sir, I am. So you better take it,” she holds out the drink for me.

“In that case I’ll take it.” I take the drink, open it and I take a sip. I put the can on the table and allow my drink to start doing its job of energizing me.

“Hatef, from what you’ve said so far… I feel all love is spiritual… isn’t that so?”

“Yes I think that is true. Love in all its aspects is spiritual. I also believe love is God himself.”

“So the love we feel is actually the presence of God in us?” “Yes, Sufism teaches us exactly that… that every human being is seeking this God-feeling with his every thought and action. Sufism also teaches that every human being carries within him or her deep desire to return to the love that he or she has come from. Each one of us has been created by the Almighty from his infinite love and whatever we experience in this world is really a journey of trying to get back to where we came from. The love he has put within us is what drives us, pushes us towards

new experiences. We’re like bees drawn to this huge flower called love.”

“Hmm… that’s very interesting. But what do you mean when you say that we desire to reach God with every experience?”

“Well, do you agree that every human being wants happiness? We seek happiness from everything around us: our partner, our job, house, education but every time we think we’ve found it we realise that it is not what we thought it would be. We realise everything we’ve reached is

temporary. So we go on seeking things that make us happy. But every time we think we’ve reached the edge of eternal happiness we are disappointed. We don’t want to admit to our disappointments. Sometimes we measure our lives against people who we think are less fortunate and feel happy.”

“Those are deep words, Hatef, they really speak to both my head and my heart. But how can people less fortunate than us make us happy?”

“It works like this… when we surround ourselves with things and objects of value we become attached, become slaves to them. In a way we are possessed by them instead of us possessing them. And this deludes us into thinking we’re in a better position than others who don’t have what we have.”

“So we begin measuring happiness with what we have…”

“Exactly, and then we begin to worry about losing what we have. This worry makes us actually less happy than someone who hasn’t got as much to lose.”

“That’s so ironical, we actually victims of our desires.”

“A Sufi is a person who’s constantly struggling to free himself of these desires. He’s constantly struggling to reach a state of nothingness. The only desire he has is to reach God, who is everywhere and is undying.

But in order to reach him a human being needs to become nothing; freed from all his desires, all that is temporary and earthly.”

“Wow. That sounds heavy! Maybe, Hatef, you could tell me some more about Sufism.”

“Sufism is the mystical core of Islam. But I also believe every belief system has its own mystical core saying the same thing in a different way. The mystical, spiritual journey of every human being is reach beyond religion, beyond a religious belief.” I wait for her response.

“Please continue, this gets better and better.”

“I am not an expert, you know. Maybe you could do some of your own research…”

“I would definitely, but I really want to hear what you know about it, please carry on.”

I am really pleased by her insistence and her curiosity. I like the respect and admiration she has for different points of view. How nice it is to meet a girl, born and raised in Europe, to be so open about Eastern philosophy. As our world gets more and more steeped in materialism

these kinds of conversations happen less and less. Anna has been a great listener.

‘Nykoebing, Nykoebing!’ The voice of the conductor snaps me out of my thoughts. I sink in my seat further.

“Have you heard about Rumi?” I ask her.

“No, is he a Sufi too?”

“Yes, he’s one of the greatest Sufis ever born. A Sufi master, actually!

Mewlana Celaluddin Rumi has shown us how to become fully human.

To me personally, Rumi’s been the greatest ever professor of the human soul. Through his poetry and his life he taught us how to go beyond the physical, into the metaphysical.”

“Tell me how?”

“How can you, Anna? It is meant for humans not angels.” She starts laughing caught by surprise in the middle of our serious conversation.

“You silly man, stop it!”

“Jokes apart, you too, Anna, could get there with the right teacher and the right attitude. According to Rumi, human beings are the centre of all creation. Everything has been created around man, for him… to make him happy. And no one, regardless of colour, creed, religion or sex can be excluded from this infinite love and grace of the Almighty. The human being is regarded as the khalif, the light of the Creator. He is the only creature on earth with the ability of taking God’s love and spreading it around. But not everyone can use this ability because people are prisoners of their nefs. Nefs is explained as a tether of earthly desires and urges.

For example if hate is part of your nefs, then it will manifest itself as jealousy, pride, etc. This way all the pain and suffering on our planet can be related to the nefs of its human population. But on the other hand, God has also given us his divine characteristics. We have the ability to

love, to show grace and mercy, to be noble, to show patience and understanding, to choose between right and wrong. And so our life becomes a constant struggle, trying to make our divine characteristics prevail over our nefs.”

“This means we’ve not done a good job of our struggle, because there are so many things going wrong in the world. We have so many wars and so much poverty in the world today.”

“Yes, we’ve in fact done a very bad job of it.”

“But then why does God allow it to happen… for example children dying of hunger. Especially, when he has the power to prevent it.”

“Anna, God doesn’t put himself as a controller above us. Someone who constantly intervenes in our daily life. He says, ‘don’t murder’ but there isn’t a hand coming down from heaven every time someone’s going to commit murder. He says, ‘don’t steal’ but people still steal. He says,

‘don’t lie’ but people still lie. But then he has appointed a day when he’ll audit our accounts, so to speak,” I say smiling. “God has given us a map of both Heaven and Hell. But it is up to us to choose what we want. He has given us all the tools to do the right thing. Also given us a free will.

For example there’s enough wealth on this planet to feed and give shelter to each and every one of us, provided we’re willing to share this wealth.

Essentially, we have to overcome our desire to own more than we need.

We should be willing to give away what we don’t need.

“So what prevents us from doing this? Again we come back to our nefs.

It is what makes us selfish and indifferent. The more we overcome our nefs the closer we get to making the world a happier place. We have today people who own millions on the one hand and on the other there are children who’re dying of hunger. God didn’t create this.”

“If I understand correctly, nefs is what we call the Devil. And he prevents us from using all the goodness we possess inside…”

“Yes, you could say that. Metaphors are always helpful. In fact Heaven and Hell according to some Sufis like Muhammed Iqbal are also metaphorical ideas. He believed they’re not physical spaces where we will be going after death but are areas we can create here on earth. Perhaps,

Heaven and Hell exist physically too somewhere on earth and we call them into our lives with our decisions and actions.”

“That is really very deep, Hatef. Could we then say Sufism and other teachings like it are ways of transforming the individual, making him perfect?”

“Well, absolute perfection belongs to God alone. But Sufism talks about a kemal, an individual who has reached the pinnacle of human perfection.

This is the closest we as humans can come to perfection. You see, when we say that God is perfect we don’t mean it by our human standards but that he’s perfect by his own standards. Because we cannot even begin to understand his standards we can never grasp his kind of perfection.”

“I understand. But tell me is the message of Sufism for everyone? Does it for example also apply to people who’re deep in their nefs?

“Let me answer your question with one of Rumi’s more famous poems.

It’s obviously a translation of the original Persian.

Come, come, whoever you are,

wonderer, worshiper, lover of leaving,

it doesn’t matter.

Ours is not a caravan of despair.

Come, even if you have broken your vows

a thousand times.

Come again and again, come.

Here Rumi’s trying to tell us how this gift of overcoming our nefs is for everyone, whatever his state in life. He says there isn’t really any reason for guilt and despair.

“I want to add something else about Rumi here. He was greatly inspired by the prophet Mohammed. The Prophet himself was a great Sufi. for example he has said: ‘Die before you are dead’. This in fact is a very important principle of Sufism. A Sufi aims to kill his nefs and be

resurrected in love and compassion. This happens through a process called seyr-e-suluk. Through this process a Sufi reaches total freedom from all his earthly desires. Finally, he aims to reach a state of fena fillah. This is where he merges into God. In Buddhism they call it nirvana. After

reaching fena fillah the Sufi only strives to share his state with others.

And in this striving he exhausts himself day after day… all for the love of God.” I take a deep breath.

“How can I meet this Rumi, is he still around?”

I smile because I like the sound of Anna’s innocence.

“I would really like to meet him too. But he left our world about seven and a half centuries ago. Though I believe, he is here among us with his message.”

“Oh. But Hatef, I am quite dazzled by your words. Do you think you could tell me more about Rumi?”

“Well, Rumi was born in Khorasan, a village near Balkh in present-day Afghanistan in 1207. He was known as Rumi, meaning ‘the Roman’, because he grew up in an area under Byzantine rule at that time. His family travelled to Anatolia and eventually settled in Konya under the Turkish

Seldjuk sultanate. Rumi spent the rest of his life in Konya, which is where he was also buried after he died in 1273. Today, Konya is a place of pilgrimage for Sufis across the world.

“After his death his followers, especially his son Sultan Walad founded the Mawlawiyah Sufi Order. They’re also known as the ‘Whirling Dervishes’ because of the whirling dance they do. A dervish goes round and round on his feet with one hand lifted up to the sky and the other facing the earth, at 90 degrees to each other. The head is bent slightly to the side indicating nobility. The dervishes keep this position through the dance celebrating the scattering of God’s love from above over everyone on earth.

The bent head indicates the exalted position of the dervish as an intermediary between the Creator and the created. Dervishes are known to lose themselves completely while dancing. This trance-like state is called sama.

I have seen dervishes whirl for more than an hour.”

“I think I have seen a picture too. They were dancing… whirling in front of a green-domed building, says Anna.

“Yes, this is probably the dergah or mausoleum of Rumi. It is in Konya.

It is where he is buried alongwith his father and other members of his family. This place is visited by hundreds if not thousands of people daily.

You should go if you’re ever in Turkey.”

“Yes, hopefully I will.”

“I really liked that poem of Rumi you just recited. Is there a book where I can read more?”

I think Rumi’s words have worked their magic on Anna.

“Of course. His most important book is called Masnawi, and it is quite amazing. You can find a translation of the Masnawi on the Internet, perhaps. I also recommend The Essential Rumi by Coleman Barks. I always find great joy when I read Rumi. His poems give me hope and strength in moments of despair. There is actually one that I read often.”

“Can you please read it to me now?”

“I knew you’d say that… Here’s The Guest House dedicated especially to you, Anna:

Man is like a guest house

each day brings a new guest

some days comes Joy; others, Sadness

but Awareness is always

an unexpected visitor.

Rumi says, welcome them all

even if there’s a mob of sorrows

sweeping across your house

emptying it out.

Treat every guest with honour

each one’s come to help you

The pleasant Surprise

the dark Thought, Shame, Malice

meet them all at the door laughing.

Be grateful for whoever comes

because each one has been sent

from the beyond to help you.

“That is really beautiful, Hatef. It really does have the power to speak to everyone.” She seems moved by it. “I think I have quizzed you enough for a day,” she says smiling.

“Yes, you have young lady, but I never get tired talking about Rumi,” I smile back. We fall in this silence together allowing Rumi to sink into our souls.

“Vordingborg! Vordingborg station!”

Another stop less in our journey.

This post is glimpse of my book A Yoik for Anna – A Journey between Two Worlds

Shortage of girls – wife sharing

The day that I have been expecting has arrived. After writing about female infanticide and its negative effects such declining in the female population, I read in the news today that young brides has to share bed with her husband’s other brothers who has failed to find wife’s.

If the girl resists, she faces physical violence and some has been burned. These cases are rarely reported to the Police officials as women aren’t allowed to go outside.

Decades of aborting female babies have led to a shortage of women and the worst place to suffer is Baghpat in Uttar Pradesh in Northern India. Other problems are the rising incidents of rape and human trafficking. In rural Bhagpat, women have to veil themselves in the presence of men, forced to stay in the house and be a house wife and child bearer. This view of the female gender has lead to discrimination and made the women worthless.

According to India’s 2011 census, there are only 858 women to every 1,000 men in Baghpat district, compared to the national sex ratio of 940. A May study in the British Medical Journal Lancet wrote that 12 million Indian girls were aborted over the last 3 decades.

Child sex ratios in Baghpat are even more skewed and on the decline with 837 girls in 2011 compared to 850 in 2001 – a trend mirrored across districts in northern Indian states such as Haryana, Punjab and Rajasthan and Gujarat in the west.

‘In every village, there are at least five or six bachelors who can’t find a wife. In some, there are up to three or four unmarried men in one family. Haryana has suffered tremendously and many men struggles to find a bride.

Some families buy brides from other states and others who cannot afford it shares the one daughter in law they have. In traditional dominated regions, sons are seen as asset and breadwinners who will take care of the family and continue the name. Daughters on another hand are regarded as burden because of the dowry tradition and the fact that once they get married, they leave the home.

Personally, in my opinion this act is as wrong as it can get. A marriage is between the husband and wife. When the wife has to share the bed with her brother in laws, that shows that this tradition of female abortion has done its damage. The girls are forced to sleep with her husband’s brothers and this is considered as rape. A corrupt act like this is not allowed by the government but everybody keeps this as a secret in rural areas and since the girls isn’t allowed to go outside, they don’t have the chance to report this.

The only solution is to break these deep rooted ancient traditions and the only way this can happen is to educate the girls, provide them healthcare and other opportunities so that they know their rights and can be independent. Another thing that I have been thinking about lately is that usually when an item is rare, its value increases. No wife means no child.

https://hatefsvoice.wordpress.com/2011/08/14/harmful-practices-to-the-female-body-part-4-female-infanticide/

https://hatefsvoice.wordpress.com/2011/07/15/haryana-india-the-womens-curse/

 

Nuclear Love Story – Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun by Fahad Hussain

Though the 20th century‘s history was carved by Hitler & world remembers him as a Holocaust father with just looking at the darkest side of him but in the era of the bloodshed even before the first nuclear experiment started there was a hidden romance flourishing in the heart of the greatest all time villain Adolf Hitler breaking the veins from the clutches of Swastika. Though there were rumors about Fuhrer of having love relations with the two pretty ladies of the radiation era Geli Raubal & Erna Hanfstaengl but the truth is different from illusions beyond imaginations. The lady who ruled the darkest heart & the cruelest mind of history was Eva Braun. Born in Munich Germany on 6th February 1912 was a model that was in a relationship with the most powerful man of his time when she was just 17. The German public was not aware of their love relationship.

 

Ups & Downs: Every romance has to be tested & goes through hard times so like their one too went through. As their hearts draws closer to each other & seeks love into the each other souls the bunkers of the third Reich filled with fragrance of love when they first met at Hoffmann’s studio of Munich in October 1929. But there were moments when after Geli Raubal’s death on 18th September 1931 Hitler was just seeking loneliness which shocked him the most; changing the perceptions of Fuhrer completely igniting the new era of dark clouds with the stains of blood. It was during this time when Eva Braun started feeling lonely & attempted suicides two times.  Throughout 1930s & early 1940s Fuhrer’s household was looked after by Eva Braun situated at the Bergdorf near Berchtesgaden where they partied & enjoy evening together sometimes taking a short walks together with their beloved dogs Negus and Stasi. As the clouds of holocaust engulfed around Europe their souls become lonely. Living in the luxurious complex of her love while her heart was living in the highly fortified bunker of the Reich Chancellery Braun spoke to Speer a supporter & a close ally of Hitler memoirs while reading romance novel: that Hitler is now too busy & never try to intimate her.

The couples spent moments of their secret relationship with love & smoking cigars having fruits in the Fuhrer study where they talk about the politics of Reich & their emotions. Hitler always used to cracked jokes & tease his second half by quoting on her lipsticks, hairs & appearance. But one thing which separates them is their distinct diet as Adolf was a pure vegetarian & doesn’t like cosmetics & products made from animal by products & their body parts whereas Eva loves the reverse.

After learning about the failed assassination attempt on Hitler, Eva wrote to him: “From our first meeting I swore to follow you anywhere even unto death. I live only for your love.”

A marriage of 46 hours: A fter the failed 20 July of 1944 to kill Fuhrer, Eva joined her love at the bunker of the Reich Chancellery of the Third Reich by driving herself from Munich to Berlin in a car in early April of 1945. On 29th April 1945 Hitler made Braun his wife when the enemy was knocking at the gates when she refused to leave him insisting that she was one of the few people left loyal to him. And as they got married with their neighborhood burning they hosted a wedding breakfast for their staff & the members of the inner circle after their brief civil wedding ceremony carried out in the bunker which lasted just for 46 hours. At the final hour of their relationship Hitler & his beloved wife Eva Hitler who he lovingly used to called Frau Hitler or Fraulein Braun gave their final farewell to their staff & the members of the inner circle at 1:00pm on the afternoon of the 30th April 1945 when the members heard the gunshot after few minutes when they opened the door the bodies of the groom & bride were lying lifeless where in the room the greatest romance of the 20th century was took his last breath by ending their lives differently Hitler shot himself at his right temple by his pistol PPK7.66 & his beloved Eva sacrificing her soul by biting a cyanide capsule. With the suicide of these holocaust souls their romance had now came to an end. Braun was 33 & Hitler 56 when they commit suicide after which their souls became one though not in the real world they survived for long but as the true lovers they are now have made themselves one by dyeing together leaving the world to change & curse them since the history of romance itself is great but the end of every great love story had been the same throughout the history & that is dyeing together making the world their enemy.

Though everyone curse Hitler for his doing & the political corners curse Braun as a biggest disappointment of the history but we must not forget that the emotions also exists in the beast where in some deepest corner of their heart love lives which even in the world’s harshest days encouraged them to love each other.

If a person wants to bring a revolution then he needs to become a revolutionary first.

By Adolf Hitler.

emotions are for many but the reasons are for few. Adolf Hitler

Tribute to all women

In the name of the creator of Beauty!

From the bottom of my heart, I congratulate every single woman in this world on their day.

Women are the most beautiful creation among the beauties. She is the soul of the nature. She gives peace in mind, hope in the moment of despair, meaning for the life.

A woman’s breath and her voice is a taste of heaven. The love of the women sprung out from Paradise. She is the light in the darkest night that shines up everything and the warmness on the coldest day.

Her shoulders carry the weight of those who cry on it, and her arms give the safest comfort making you forget all the worries in the world.

Oh women, you are a mother, sister, life partner and a friend. Every great man in history was born from a woman, and there was a woman standing behind every great man.

If this world is beautiful, it is beautiful because of the women. If this life has a meaning, she gives the meaning for everything.

When she smiles, the whole world smiles, and when she cries, every drop of tear feels like an arrow to the heart.

The woman is a mother, sister, wife, partner in life and the spinal bone of the community and society. The most beautiful creation in the universe. A woman gives a meaning for love and represents the beauty of the nature and should be treated with love, equality and respect.

There is no other word in my mind to complete the greatness of a woman, I can just say, congratulation on your day.

The best moments of life in view of Charlie Chaplin

To fall in love

To laugh until it hurts your stomach

To find mails by the thousands when you return from vacation.

To go for a vacation to some pretty place.

To listen to your favourite song in the radio.

To go to bed and to listen while it rains outside.

To leave the Shower and find that the towel is warm

To clear your last exam.

To receive a call from someone, you don’t see lot, but you want to.

To find money in a pant that you haven’t used since last year.

To laugh at yourself looking at mirror, making faces..

Calls at midnight that last for hours.

To laugh without a reason.

To accidentally hear somebody say something good about you.

To wake up and realize it is still possible to sleep for a couple of hours.

To hear a song that makes you remember a special person.

To be part of a team.

To watch the sunset from the hill top.

To make new friends.

To feel butterflies in the stomach every time when you see that person.

To pass time with your best friends.

To see people that you like, feeling happy

See an old friend again and to feel that the things have not changed.

To take an evening walk along the beach.

To have somebody tell you that he/she loves you.

To laugh …….laugh. ……..and laugh ……

Remembering stupid things done with stupid friends.

These are the best moments of life….Let us learn to cherish them.

“Life is not a problem to be solved, but a gift to be enjoyed”

Villain for West & Friend for his own People – Ahmadinejad – President of Iran

The car was not a luxury car but a 34 year old Peugeot 504’en has definitely seen its best days, but nevertheless achieved anything other than list price. Ahmadinejad, who in the West is known for his uncompromising language and his hateful outcomes, primarily against Israel, put the car up for sale 1 January. A site invited potential buyers to place bids, and the Iranian President vowed to use money for housing for the disabled and female parents alone.

According to the state welfare organization that organized the auction bids poured in from many parts of the world, but who eventually got the bid of 25 billion rial is not known.

“My client bought the car from his personal interest in President Ahmadinejad and his energetic fight against the arrogance and Zionism,” said the Iranian lawyer Mahmoud Esari representing the buyer.

The car seems to be relatively rusty, not at all a matter of course for French cars produced in the 1970s and the blue seat covers also testify to the careful use and good maintenance.

Poor People’s Friend

Ahmadinejad does not live any extravagant life and have always liked to portray themselves as poor people’s faithful servant. When he was elected as President in 2005, he had to under Iranian law give up his personal fortune. Besides his white 1977 model Peugeot 504, he listed out the 40-year-old house in a middle class area east of Tehran and the balance in two bank accounts. When he was re-elected in 2009, he promised to make housing, creation of new jobs and economic reforms to their banner issues.

Angelina Jolie & The UN show off

The American film star and UN ambassador Angelina Jolie has spent two days in Afghanistan to meet refugees in war-torn country.

– We must make sure to rebuild the country now. This means that we not only provide shelter, but also ensure that there is water, employment opportunities, schools for the children and medical clinics, “said Jolie in a statement at the end of the stay.

Jolie arrived in Afghanistan on Monday and ended the visit on Wednesday.This is the actor’s second visit to Afghanistan. Though this great actress is also a great social worker but UN must focus on the fast & efficient utilization of funds & proper execution of the projects. People needs the basic not the stars to get plastic smiles as a remedy for their wounds. Though the efforts are app laudable but nothing better has been neither done so far nor achieved.

Pashtunwali – Indonesian Version / Pashtunwali – Versi Bahasa Indonesia

Pashtun wali adalah demokratis tidak tertulis, sosio-politik budaya, hukum dan ideologi masyarakat Pashtoon, diwarisi dari nenek moyang mereka dan pembawa ke generasi sekarang sebagai kode hukum dan moral yang menentukan tatanan sosial dan tanggung jawab.

Ini adalah “kode kehormatan” kuno milik Pashtun Afghanistan dan Pakistan, termasuk masyarakat Pashtun di seluruh dunia. Pashtun merangkul sebuah tradisional kuno, spiritual, dan identitas komunal terikat pada satu set kode moral dan aturan-aturan perilaku yang fleksibel dan dinamis, yang berisi prinsip-prinsip modern dan kuno.
Sistem ini telah berhasil semua urusan sosial dan internal masyarakat Pashtoon sebelum dan sesudah Islam. Ini telah menciptakan pemerintah daerah kecil dan besar di Tengah dan Asia Selatan dan secara sosial dilakukan oleh mayoritas.

Pashtun wali mempromosikan diri, kemerdekaan, keadilan, keramahan, cinta, pengampunan, dendam dan toleransi terhadap semua, terutama untuk orang asing dan tamu. Semua kode etik sangat membantu dalam mempertahankan cek sosial dan moral dan saldo dalam masyarakat Pashtun. Hal ini dianggap sebagai tanggung jawab pribadi dari setiap Pashtun untuk menemukan dan menemukan kembali esensi wali Pashtun dan makna.

Untuk 8 berabad-abad ‘membentuk nasionalisme Pashtoon pemerintah pusat politik untuk pertama kalinya pada abad 12 dan kemudian mendirikan sebuah pemerintahan terpusat yang kuat pada pertengahan abad 18.
Semua kelompok kecil dan besar suku dan etnis berpartisipasi dalam reformasi dan perbaikan administrasi pemerintah dan dalam berbagai aspek ekonomi, sosial dan budaya. Dengan memperkuat hubungan di antara kelompok etnis dalam urusan sosio-ekonomi, Pashtoon nasionalisme berubah menjadi nasionalisme Afghanistan.
Pashtun wali adalah batu fondasi pertama, nasionalisme Pashtoon adalah kedua dan nasionalisme afghan adalah fase ketiga dan evolusi struktur politik.

Kode ini;

* Iman – percaya pada Allah (dikenal sebagai “Allah”) Gagasan mempercayai pencipta satu.
* Baik Pikiran, Good Words, Good Deeds – Sebuah Pashtun harus selalu berusaha bagi berpikir pikiran yang baik, mengucapkan kata-kata yang baik dan melakukan perbuatan baik.
* Perilaku – Pashtun harus bersikap hormat terhadap semua ciptaan termasuk manusia, hewan dan lingkungan sekitar mereka. Pencemaran lingkungan dan / atau perusakan adalah terhadap wali Pashtun.
* Persatuan – di atas bahasa mereka berbicara, di atas darah mereka terus, di atas jumlah uang yang mereka buat, wali menyatukan Pashtun Pashtun sebagai salah satu orang di seluruh dunia. Dimana ada persatuan benar, setiap upaya untuk menceraiberaikan mereka hanya akan berfungsi untuk memperkuat kesatuan mereka miliki. Apa yang terjadi pada satu – terjadi pada semua.
* Kesetaraan – Setiap orang adalah sama. Setiap orang menginginkan mengatakan di masa depan dan ia akan memperjuangkan hak untuk memiliki pendapatnya didengar. Semua orang itu harus berurusan dengan satu sama lain, dengan kesopanan yang tepat atau menghargai dan tidak ada yang dapat memaksakan kehendak mereka pada yang lain.
* Restoran dan tempat kudus – Menjadi ramah pada semua orang, dan khusus untuk tamu, bahkan yang paling bermusuhan musuh mungkin (jika meminta) diberikan perlindungan, suaka atau perlindungan serta makanan dan bantuan lainnya.
* Keadilan dan pengampunan – Jika salah satu kesalahan sengaja lain, korban mempunyai hak, bahkan kewajiban, untuk membalaskan ketidakadilan ini dalam proporsi yang sama. Jika seseorang telah dengan sengaja bersalah padamu, dan kamu tidak mencari keadilan juga tidak pelaku kesalahan meminta Anda untuk diri maaf padanya, kemudian hutang, yang berhutang kepada Anda oleh dia, yang hanya dapat dipenuhi sekali keadilan (melalui tindakan balas dendam atau keputusan dewan Jirga) telah disediakan untuk balasan kesalahan yang dilakukan.
* Persaudaraan dan kepercayaan – keyakinan bahwa sesama saudara atau saudari Pashtun harus dipercaya dan dibantu untuk sejauh mungkin.
* Kehormatan – Pashtun harus menjaga independensi mereka dan martabat manusia. Kehormatan telah sangat penting dalam masyarakat Pashtun dan sangat penting untuk menjaga kehormatan seseorang atau kebanggaan.
menghormati Diri * – Individu harus menghormati diri sendiri dan orang lain agar dapat melakukannya, terutama yang mereka tidak tahu. Menghormati dimulai di rumah, di antara anggota keluarga dan kerabat.
* Kasih sayang dan kerjasama – Masyarakat miskin, yang lemah, dan yang ditantang harus didukung. Inklusi harus lebih suka pengecualian. Untuk mempertahankan terhadap kelompok tirani, fasisme dan terlalu bersemangat dan bekerja cerdas pertama dan kemudian keras.
* Keluarga – Keluarga harus dimuliakan di bawah keyakinan suci tanggung jawab dan kewajiban dengan menghormati istri, anak perempuan, orang tua, orang tua, anak, dan suami.
* Kami adalah satu keluarga – Fellow Pashtun harus dipelihara. Mungkin ada ratusan suku, tetapi mereka memiliki satu takdir dalam persatuan dengan satu sama lain.
* Pengetahuan – Pashtun mencari pengetahuan obyektif dalam hidup, seni, ilmu pengetahuan, dan budaya, yang dianggap buah-buahan diberikan oleh Tuhan.
* Sejarah Pashtun – nilai Great ditempatkan dalam tragedi sejarah Pashtun, dan kemenangan. Ini mengajarkan Pashtun “untuk menjaga pikiran terbuka, untuk melanjutkan pencarian kebenaran, banyak yang telah lenyap dalam sejarah itu sendiri”.
* Fight jahat – Evil adalah perang konstan dengan baik. Kejahatan harus diperjuangkan dan baik harus menang atas kejahatan. Ini adalah tugas Pashtun untuk melawan kejahatan ketika dia berhadapan dengan itu.
* Kejujuran dan Janji – A Pashtun dikenal untuk menjaga janji mereka dan bersikap jujur pada semua situasi dan waktu. Sebuah Pashtun sejati tidak akan pernah melanggar janji mereka.
* Restoran-Pashtun memperlakukan semua tamu dan orang yang masuk rumah mereka dengan hormat dan selalu pergi dengan satu ucapan.

Pashtunwali – Turkish Version / Peştun Wali – Türkçe Versiyon

Peştun Wali yazılı olmayan bir demokratik, sosyo-politik kültür, hukuk ve Peştun toplumun ideoloji, toplumsal düzen ve sorumluluklarını belirleyen bir yasal ve ahlaki olarak bugünkü nesle kendi ataları ve taşıyıcı miras alınır.

Bu dünyada Peştun topluluklar da dahil olmak üzere, Afganistan ve Pakistan Peştunlar ait eski bir “onur kod” dir. Peştunlar ve eski bir geleneksel, ruhsal kucaklama toplumsal kimlik, modern ve antik ilkeleri içeren, esnek ve dinamik bir ahlaki kodlar ve davranış kurallarının bir dizi bağladılar.
Bu sistemin öncesi ve İslam sonrası Peştun toplumun tüm sosyal ve içişleri başardı. O Orta ve Güney Asya’da küçük ve büyük yerel yönetimlerin yarattığı bu sosyal çoğunluğu tarafından uygulanmaktadır.

Peştun Wali yabancılarla ve konuklar, özellikle öz saygı, bağımsızlık, adalet, konukseverlik, sevgi, affedicilik, intikam ve hoşgörü tüm yönünde teşvik etmektedir. Davranış Tüm bu kodları Peştun toplum içinde sosyal ve ahlaki kontrol ve dengelerin devamlılığında faydalıdır. Onu keşfetmek için her Peştun kişisel bir sorumluluk olarak kabul edilir ve yeniden Peştun Wali özünü ve anlamını keşfetmek.

8 Yüzyıllar boyunca ‘Peştun milliyetçilik ve 12. yüzyılda ilk kez bir siyasi merkezi hükümeti kurdu sonra Orta 18. yüzyılda güçlü bir merkezi hükümet kurdu.
Tüm küçük ve büyük aşiretler ve etnik gruplar reform ve iyileştirme devlet idaresi ve çeşitli ekonomik, sosyal ve kültürel yönlerini katıldı. sosyo-ekonomik konularda bu etnik gruplar arasındaki ilişkilerin güçlendirilmesi ile Peştun milliyetçiliğinin Afgan milliyetçiliğe dönüştü.
Peştun Wali ilk temel taşı olduğunu, Peştun milliyetçiliği ve ikinci Afgan milliyetçiliği siyasal yapısının üçüncü ve evrimsel aşamasıdır.

Kodları;

* Faith – God (“Allah” olarak da bilinir) bir yaratıcısı güvenen kavramı güven.
* İyi Düşünce, İyi Kelimeler, İyi Deeds – A Peştun gerekir her zaman, iyi düşüncelerle güzel sözler, konuşma ve iyi işler yapmaya yönelik çalışıyoruz.
* Davranış – Paştunlar insanlar, hayvanlar ve çevrelerindeki çevre dahil, tüm eserleri karşı saygılı davranmak zorundadır. Çevre Kirliliği ve / veya imha Peştun Wali aykırıdır.
* Unity – onlar yaptıkları para miktarı üstünde tutmaya kan, Peştun Wali dünya çapında bir kişi olarak Peştunlar birleştiren yukarıda, konuştuğu diller üzerinde. Gerçek birlik, onları sadece sahip oldukları birlik güçlendirmeye hizmet edecek ayrılmak için her türlü çabayı olduğu yerde. Ne biri olur – bütün olur.
* Eşitlik – Her insan eşittir. Her insan bir geleceği söz ve onun görüşlerini duymuş onun hakkı için mücadele edecek istiyor. Tüm insanlar bu nedenle uygun kibarlık veya saygı ve başka kendi isteklerini empoze olabilir kimse ile, birbirleri ile uğraşmak zorunda.
* Konaklama ve kutsal – Varlık herkese ve özellikle misafirlere misafirperver, hatta en düşmanlarının düşmanca kutsal, iltica veya koruma yanı sıra gıda ve diğer yardım sağlanacaktır (talep halinde) olabilir.
* Adalet ve af – kimse kasten başka yanlışlar varsa, kurban eşit oranda bu adaletsizlik intikamını almak için doğru, hatta bir zorunluluk vardır. kimse kasten size haksızlık varsa, ve ne de adalet talep etmedi günahkâr onun tarafından size borçlu olduğunu onun af, sonra borç için sordun / onu, sadece bir hareket yoluyla (bir zamanlar adalet yerine getirilebilir intikam ya da Jirga meclisinin kararı) yapılan yanlış karşılık sağlanmıştır.
* Kardeşlik ve güven – diğer Peştun kardeşler güvenilir olması gerektiğini ve büyük ölçüde mümkün destekli inanç.
* Onur – Peştunlar bağımsızlık ve insan onurunu korumak zorundadır. Onur birinin şeref ve gururunu korumak Peştun toplumun ve onun çok önemli büyük önem taşımaktadır.
* Öz saygı – Bireysel sipariş özellikle de bilmiyorum, bunu yapabilmek için de kendisine ve başkalarına saygılı olmalıdır. Saygı aile üyeleri ve akrabalar arasında, evde başlar.
* Şefkat ve işbirliği – fakir, zayıf, ve meydan desteklenmesi gerekir. Dahil dışlanmaya tercih edilmelidir. ve zulüm, faşizm ve çok istekli gruplara karşı savunmak çalışmak için akıllı ve daha sonra ilk sabit.
* Aile – Aile eşleri, kızları, yaşlıların, anne, oğulları ve kocaları için saygı ile sorumluluk ve görev kutsal bir mahkumiyet altında övmek gerekir.
Adam Peştun için dikkat edilmesi gereken – * Biz bir aileyiz. kabileleri yüzlerce olabilir, ancak birbirleriyle birlik bir kaderi var.
* Bilgi – Peştunlar Tanrı tarafından verilen meyve kabul edilen hayat, sanat, bilim, kültür ve objektif bilgi isteyin.
* Peştun geçmişi – Büyük değer Peştun tarih, trajediler ve zaferlerden yerleştirilir. O “çok hangi tarihin kendisi altında yok oldu, gerçeği arama devam etmek, zihin açık tutmak için” Peştunlar öğretir.
* Kötü Fight – Evil iyi ile sürekli savaş yer almaktadır. Kötü mücadele edilmeli ve iyi kötü üzerinde hakim olmalıdır. O / o ile yüz yüze geldiğinde kötü mücadele için bir Peştunlar görevidir.
* Dürüstlük ve Promise – Bir Peştun, sözlerini tutmak ve her durumda ve zaman dürüst olduğu için bilinir. Gerçek bir Peştun olan sözlerinin sonu asla.
* Konaklama-Peştunlar tüm misafirler ve büyük bir saygı ile evlerine girmek her zaman söyleyerek tek gitmek davranmak.

Pashtunwali – Russian Version / Пуштунвали – русская версия

Пуштунских Вали является неписаным демократических, социально-политической культуры, права и идеологии общества пуштунов, унаследовали от своих предков и несущая на нынешнее поколение, как правовой и моральный кодекс, который определяет общественный порядок и ответственность.

Это древний “кодекс чести”, который принадлежит пуштунов Афганистана и Пакистана, в том числе пуштунских общин по всему миру. Пуштунов объятия древних традиционных, духовных и общинной идентичности связана с множеством моральных кодексов и правил поведения, который является гибким и динамичным, содержащие современные и древние принципы.
Эта система управляется всех социальных и внутренних дел общества пуштунов до и после ислама. Он создал малых и больших местных органов власти в Центральной и Южной Азии, и это социально практикуется большинством.

Пуштунских Вали способствует самоуважению, независимости, справедливости, гостеприимство, любовь, прощение, месть и терпимости по отношению ко всем, особенно с незнакомыми людьми и гостей. Все эти кодексы поведения являются полезными в поддержании социальных и моральных сдержек и противовесов в обществе пуштунов. Считается, личной ответственности каждого пуштунского, чтобы обнаружить и заново открыть для себя пуштунских Вали сущность и значение.

За 8 веков “национализм пуштунов формируется политическая центрального правительства в первый раз в 12 веке, а затем создали сильное централизованное правительство в середине 18 века.
Все малые и большие племена и этнические группы приняли участие в реформе и совершенствованию государственного управления и в различных экономических, социальных и культурных аспектов. С укрепление отношений между этими этническими группами в социально-экономические вопросы, пуштунов национализм был преобразован в афганской национализма.
Пуштунских вали это первый камень фундамента, пуштунов национализм второй и афганского национализма является третьей и эволюционные фазы политической структуры.

Коды;

* Вера – вера в Бога (известный как “Аллах”) понятие доверия в Единого Творца.
* Хорошие мысли, хорошие слова, добрые дела – пуштунские всегда должны стремиться к мышления хорошие мысли, говорить хорошие слова и делать добрые дела.
* Поведение – пуштуны должны вести себя уважительно по отношению ко всем творениям, включая людей, животных и окружающей среды вокруг них. Загрязнение окружающей среды и / или его уничтожения против Вали пуштунов.
* Единства – над языках они говорят, выше крови они держат, выше сумму денег, которую они делают, пуштунских Вали объединяет пуштунов, как один народ во всем мире. Там, где есть подлинное единство, все усилия, чтобы разъединить их будет только способствовать укреплению единства у них есть. Что происходит с одним – случается со всеми.
* Равенство – Каждый человек равны. Каждый человек хочет сказать в своем будущем, и он будет бороться за право, чтобы его мнение было услышано. Все люди должны поэтому иметь дело друг с другом, с надлежащим вежливость и уважение, и никто не может навязывать свою волю другому.
* Гостеприимство и святилище – Быть гостеприимным для всех, и специально для гостей, даже самых враждебных врагов может (если просили) предоставляется убежище, убежище или защиту, а также продовольствия и другой помощи.
* Юстиции и прощение – Если намеренно обиды другого, потерпевший имеет право, даже обязанность, чтобы отомстить за эту несправедливость в равной пропорции. Если намеренно обидел тебя, и ты не искал справедливости и не правонарушителя просим вас за его / ее о прощении, то долг, это объясняется вам его / ее, которые могут быть выполнены только один раз правосудия (через акт мести или решение Совета джирги) была предоставлена компенсация неправильно сделали.
* Братства и доверия – вера в то, что братьям пуштунских, или сестер, должно быть надежным и содействие в максимально возможной степени.
* Честь – пуштуны должны сохранять свою независимость и человеческое достоинство. Честь имеет большое значение в пуштунского общества и его очень важно сохранить свою честь и гордость.
* Самоуважение – Люди должны уважать себя и других, чтобы быть в состоянии сделать это, особенно тех, кого они не знают. Уважение начинается дома, между членами семьи и родственниками.
* Доброта и сотрудничества – бедных, слабых, и оспаривается должны быть поддержаны. Включение должно быть предпочтительным для изоляции. Чтобы защититься от тирании, фашизма и переусердствовать групп и работать умные, а затем тяжело.
* Семья – семье должен быть прославлен в священных убеждение ответственность и обязанность по отношению к женам, дочерям, старейшины, родители, сыновья и мужья.
* Мы одна семья – сотрудник пуштунских нужно беречь. Там могут быть сотни племен, но они имеют одну судьбу в союзе друг с другом.
* Знание – пуштуны искать объективные знания в жизни, искусства, науки и культуры, которые считаются плоды, предоставленных Богом.
* Пуштунских истории – Великая значение помещается в пуштунских истории, трагедий и побед. Она учит пуштунов “держать ум открытым, чтобы продолжить поиск истины, большая часть которых исчезла под самой истории”.
* Бороться со злом – зло на постоянной войны с хорошим. Зло должно быть сражались и хорошо должны превалировать над злом. Это обязанность пуштунов, чтобы бороться со злом, когда он / она встречается лицом к лицу с ним.
* Честность и Promise – пуштунские известен выполняют своих обещаний и быть честными в любой ситуации и времени. Истинной пуштунских не нарушу свое обещание.
* Гостеприимство-пуштунов относиться ко всем гостям и люди, которые входят свои дома с большим уважением и всегда идут одним говорю.

Pashtunwali – Hebrew Version / פשטוני ואלי – עברית גירסה

פשטוני ואלי הוא לא כתוב דמוקרטית, חברתית פוליטית, תרבות החוק ואת האידיאולוגיה של החברה פשטוני, בירושה אבותיהם ואת הספק על הדור הנוכחי כקוד החוקית והמוסרית הקובע הסדר החברתי והאחריות.

זהו “קוד הכבוד” עתיק השייך פשטוני של אפגניסטן ופקיסטן, לרבות קהילות פשטוני ברחבי העולם. פשטוני לאמץ רוחנית עתיקה המסורתי, ולאחר הזהות הקהילתית קשורה לקבוצה של קודים מוסריים וכללי התנהגות כי הוא גמיש ודינמי, הכולל עקרונות מודרניים ועתיקים.
מערכת זו הצליחה כל הרווחה הפנימית של החברה פשטוני לפני ואחרי האיסלאם. זה יצר ממשלות מקומיות קטנות וגדולות במרכז ודרום אסיה הוא התאמן חברתית על ידי הרוב.

פשטוני ואלי מקדמת כבוד עצמי, עצמאות, צדק,, האירוח אהבה, סליחה, נקמה סובלנות כלפי כל, במיוחד זרים ואורחים. כל אלה הם קודי התנהגות מסייעת לשמור על המחאות חברתית ומוסרית ויתרות בחברה פשטוני. זה נחשב האחריות האישית של כל פשטוני לגלות מחדש לגלות מהות ואלי פשטוני ומשמעות.

במשך 8 המאות “הלאומיות פשטוני הקים ממשלה מרכזית הפוליטית בפעם הראשונה במאה ה -12 ולאחר מכן הוקמה ממשלה מרכזית חזקה באמצע המאה ה -18.
כל קבוצות קטנות וגדולות שבטים אתניים השתתפו הרפורמה ושיפור של הממשל הממשלה ואת היבטיה השונים הכלכלי, החברתי והתרבותי. עם חיזוק הקשרים בין אלו קבוצות אתניות בענייני כלכלית חברתית, הלאומיות פשטוני הפך הלאומיות האפגני.
פשטוני ואלי היא אבן היסוד הראשונה, הלאומנות פשטוני הוא השני ללאומיות אפגניסטן היא השלב השלישי אבולוציונית של מבנה פוליטי.

הקודים הם;

* אמונה – אמון באלוהים (הידועה בשם “אללה”) הרעיון של אמון בבורא אחד.
* טוב מחשבות, מילים טובות, מעשים טובים – פשטוני חייב תמיד לחתור לחשוב מחשבות טובות, אומרת מילים טובות ולעשות מעשים טובים.
* התנהגות – פשטוני צריך להתנהג בכבוד כלפי כל היצירות לרבות אנשים, בעלי חיים ואיכות הסביבה סביבם. זיהום הסביבה ו / או להשמדתה נגד ואלי פשטוני.
* אחדות – מעל שפות הם דוברים, מעל הדם הם שומרים, מעל סכום הכסף שהם עושים, ואלי פשטוני המאחד את פשטוני כאחד האנשים ברחבי העולם. איפה יש אחדות אמיתית, כל מאמץ כדי disunite מהם ישמש אך ורק כדי לחזק את האחדות להם. מה קורה אחד – קורה לכל.
* שוויון – כל אדם הוא שווה. כל גבר רוצה לומר בעתיד שלו והוא יילחם על זכותו להיות דעותיו שמע. כל האנשים חייבים אפוא להתמודד אחד עם השני, בנימוס את הכבוד הנכון או ואיש לא יכול לכפות את רצונם על מנת אחרת.
* האירוח המקדש – להיות מסבירי פנים לכולם, במיוחד לאורחים, אפילו עוינת ביותר של אויבים עשויים (אם ביקש) יסופק, מקלט מקלט או הגנה כמו גם מזון וסיוע אחר.
* המשפטים סליחה – אם אחד במכוון עוולות אחרת, הקורבן יש זכות, אפילו חובה, כדי לנקום את העוול ביחס שווה. אם אחד יש לו עוול בכוונה, ואתה לא מחפשים צדק ולא העושה בסדר לבקש ממך סליחה שלו / שלה, ואז חוב, הוא חייב לך ע”י אותו / אותה, אשר יכול להיות רק מילא פעם אחת צדק (דרך מעשה נקמה או את ההחלטה של מועצת הג ‘ירגה) סופקה פיצוי על העוול שנעשה.
* האחים ואמון – האמונה כי הבחור אחים או אחיות פשטוני צריך להיות מהימן וסייע ככל האפשר.
* כבוד – פשטוני חייב לשמור על עצמאותם ועל כבוד האדם. כבוד יש חשיבות רבה בחברה פשטוני וחשוב מאוד לשמר כבוד של אחד או גאווה.
כבוד עצמי * – אנשים חייבים לכבד את עצמם ואחרים על מנת להיות מסוגלים לעשות זאת, במיוחד אלה שהם לא יודעים. כבוד מתחיל בבית, בין בני משפחה וקרובים.
* חמלה ושיתוף פעולה – העניים, החלשים, ואת תיגר חייב להיות נתמך. הכללה חייב להיות העדיף הדרה. כדי להתגונן מפני קבוצות עריצות, פאשיזם overzealous ו לעבוד חכם הראשון וקשה מכן.
* משפחה – המשפחה חייב להיות מהולל תחת הרשעה המקודש של האחריות והחובה ביחס לנשים, בנות, זקנים, הורים, בנים, בעליהן.
* אנחנו משפחה אחת – עמית פשטוני חייב להיות מטופל. אולי יש מאות שבטים, אבל יש להם אחד הגורל באיגוד אחד עם השני.
* הידע – פשטוני לחפש ידע אובייקטיבי בחיים, אומנות, מדע, תרבות, אשר נחשבים פירות שניתנו על ידי אלוהים.
* היסטוריה פשטוני – ערך רב מושם פשטוני, טרגדיות בהיסטוריה ניצחונות. זה מלמד פשטוני “לשמור על ראש פתוח, כדי להמשיך את החיפוש אחר האמת, הרבה מהם נעלם תחת ההיסטוריה עצמה”.
* להלחם הרשע – הרשע נמצאת במלחמה מתמדת עם טוב. הרע חייב להיות לחם טוב חייב לגבור על הרע. זוהי חובה פשטוני להילחם הרע כאשר הוא / היא מגיע פנים אל פנים עם זה.
* יושר יעוד – פשטוני ידועה קיום הבטחות שלהם להיות כנים בכל המצבים פעמים. פשטוני אמיתי לעולם לא להפר את ההבטחה שלהם.
* אירוח-פשטוני להתייחס לכל האורחים אנשים נכנסים לבתים שלהם עם כבוד רב ותמיד ללכת על ידי אחד אומר.

Pashtunwali – Hindi Version / पश्तून वली – हिन्दी संस्करण

पश्तून वाली एक अलिखित लोकतांत्रिक, सामाजिक और राजनीतिक संस्कृति, कानून और पख्तून समाज की विचारधारा, एक कानूनी और नैतिक कोड है कि सामाजिक व्यवस्था और जिम्मेदारियों को निर्धारित करता है के रूप में वर्तमान पीढ़ी को अपने पूर्वजों से विरासत में मिली और वाहक है.

यह है कि अफगानिस्तान और पाकिस्तान के पश्तून के अंतर्गत आता है, दुनिया भर में पश्तून समुदाय सहित एक प्राचीन “सम्मान का कोड है.” पश्तून एक प्राचीन पारंपरिक आध्यात्मिक, गले, और सांप्रदायिक पहचान नैतिक कोड और व्यवहार के नियमों का एक सेट है कि लचीला और गतिशील है, आधुनिक और प्राचीन सिद्धांतों से युक्त करने के लिए बंधे.
इस प्रणाली से पहले और बाद इस्लाम पख्तून समाज के सभी सामाजिक और आंतरिक मामलों में कामयाब रहा है. यह मध्य और दक्षिण एशिया में छोटे और बड़े स्थानीय सरकारों बनाया गया है और यह सामाजिक रूप से बहुमत से अभ्यास किया है.

पश्तून वली आत्म सम्मान, स्वतंत्रता, न्याय, सत्कार, प्रेम, क्षमा, और सभी की ओर सहिष्णुता को बढ़ावा देता है बदला, विशेष रूप से अजनबी और मेहमानों के लिए. आचरण के इन सभी कोड पश्तून समाज के भीतर सामाजिक और नैतिक नियंत्रण और संतुलन को बनाए रखने में सहायक होते हैं. यह हर पश्तून के एक निजी जिम्मेदारी माना जाता है पता चलता है और फिर से पश्तून वली सार और अर्थ की खोज की.

पख्तून राष्ट्रवाद आठ सदियों के लिए ’12 वीं सदी में पहली बार किसी राजनीतिक केंद्रीय सरकार का गठन और फिर मध्य 18 वीं शताब्दी में एक मजबूत केंद्रीकृत सरकार की स्थापना की.
सभी छोटे और बड़े जनजातियों और जातीय समूहों और सरकार के प्रशासन में सुधार के सुधार में और इसके विभिन्न आर्थिक, सामाजिक और सांस्कृतिक पहलुओं में भाग लिया. सामाजिक और आर्थिक मामलों में इन जातीय समूहों के बीच संबंधों को मजबूत बनाने के साथ, पख्तून राष्ट्रवाद अफगान राष्ट्रवाद में तब्दील हो गया था.
पश्तून वाली पहली नींव का पत्थर है, पख्तून राष्ट्रवाद दूसरे नंबर पर है और अफगान राष्ट्रवाद राजनीतिक संरचना के तीसरे और विकासवादी चरण है.

कोड रहे हैं;

* विश्वास – भगवान (के रूप में ‘अल्लाह’ में जाना) एक निर्माता में भरोसा करने की धारणा में विश्वास करते हैं.
* अच्छा विचार, अच्छा शब्द, शुभ कर्म – एक पश्तून हमेशा अच्छे विचारों को सोच, अच्छे शब्द बोल रहा है और अच्छे कर्म करने की दिशा में प्रयास करना चाहिए.
* व्यवहार – पश्तून सम्मान से लोगों, पशुओं और उनके आसपास के वातावरण सहित सभी रचनाओं के प्रति व्यवहार करना चाहिए. पर्यावरण के प्रदूषण और / या उसके विनाश पश्तून वली के खिलाफ है.
* एकता – भाषाओं वे खून वे पैसे की राशि है कि वे कर से ऊपर रखने के लिए,, पश्तून वाली दुनिया भर में एक लोगों के रूप में पश्तून एकजुट ऊपर बात करते हैं, ऊपर. जहां सत्य एकता, हर बांटना उन्हें केवल करने के लिए एकता वे मजबूत बनाने की सेवा करेंगे प्रयास है. क्या एक को होता है – सभी को होता है.
* समानता – हर आदमी बराबर है. हर आदमी चाहता है एक अपने भविष्य में कहते हैं और वह अपने अधिकार के लिए लड़ने के लिए है अपनी राय सुना होगा. इसलिए सभी लोगों को एक दूसरे के साथ उचित सभ्यता या सम्मान करते हैं और कोई दूसरी को उनकी मर्जी लगाया जा सकता है एक के साथ सौदा होगा.
* आतिथ्य और अभयारण्य – होने के नाते हर किसी के लिए सत्कारशील है, और मेहमानों के लिए विशेष रूप से, यहां तक कि सबसे दुश्मनों के प्रतिकूल हो सकता है (यदि पूछा) अभयारण्य शरण, या संरक्षण के रूप में अच्छी तरह से भोजन और अन्य सहायता प्रदान की है.
* और न्यायमूर्ति क्षमा – यदि एक जानबूझकर एक और खामियों, शिकार अधिकार, यहां तक कि एक दायित्व, के बराबर अनुपात में इस अन्याय का बदला लेने की है. यदि एक जानबूझकर तुम्हारे साथ गलत है, और तुम न्याय नहीं चाहते और न ही किया था गलत कर्ता आप उसे अपनी माफी माँगने के लिए, एक ऋण तो है, उसके द्वारा आप के लिए होता था / उसकी है, जो केवल एक बार न्याय को पूरा कर सकते हैं एक अधिनियम के माध्यम से (हो बदला या जिरगा परिषद के निर्णय) के लिए गलत किया मुआविज़ा प्रदान की गई है.
* ब्रदरहुड और विश्वास – विश्वास है कि पश्तून साथी भाई या बहन और भरोसेमंद होना चाहिए बड़ी संभव हद तक सहायता प्रदान की.
* ऑनर – पश्तून अपनी स्वतंत्रता और मानवीय गरिमा को बनाए रखने चाहिए. न्यायाधीश पश्तून समाज और इसकी बहुत महत्वपूर्ण में बहुत महत्व है एक सम्मान या गौरव को बनाए रखने की है.
* स्व सम्मान – व्यक्ति खुद को और दूसरों का सम्मान करने के लिए ऐसा करने के लिए, खासकर जो वे नहीं जानते कि सक्षम होना चाहिए. सम्मान घर पर परिवार के सदस्यों और रिश्तेदारों के बीच शुरू होता है.
* और करुणा सहयोग – गरीब, कमजोर, और चुनौती दी समर्थित होना चाहिए. शामिल किए जाने के बहिष्करण को प्राथमिकता दी जानी चाहिए. करने के लिए अत्याचार, फासीवाद और अति उत्साही समूहों के खिलाफ की रक्षा करने के लिए और काम स्मार्ट पहली और फिर मुश्किल है.
* परिवार – परिवार पत्नियों, बेटियों, बुजुर्गों, माता पिता, पुत्र, पति और के लिए सम्मान के साथ एक जिम्मेदारी और कर्तव्य की पवित्र विश्वास के तहत महिमा होना चाहिए.
साथी पश्तून के लिए परवाह किया जाना चाहिए – * हम एक परिवार हैं. वहाँ जनजातियों के सैकड़ों हो सकता है, लेकिन वे एक दूसरे के साथ संघ में एक भाग्य है.
पश्तून जीवन, कला, विज्ञान और संस्कृति में उद्देश्य ज्ञान, जो परमेश्वर की ओर से दी गई फल माना जाता है की तलाश – ज्ञान *.
पश्तून इतिहास * – ग्रेट मूल्य पश्तून इतिहास त्रासदियों और जीत में रखा गया है. यह पश्तून सिखाता है “के लिए खुले मन रखने के लिए, सत्य की खोज जारी है, जिनमें से बहुत ही इतिहास में गायब हो गया है”.
* बुराई से लड़ने – ईविल अच्छा के साथ लगातार युद्ध में है. बुराई और लड़ा जाना चाहिए बुराई पर अच्छाई प्रबल होगा. यह एक पश्तून को बुराई से लड़ने जब वह / वह चेहरा आता है इसके साथ सामना कर्तव्य है.
* ईमानदारी और वादा – एक पश्तून अपने वादे रखने और सभी परिस्थितियों और समय पर ईमानदार होने के लिए जाना जाता है. एक सच पश्तून अपना वादा कभी नहीं टूटेगा.
* आतिथ्य-पश्तून सभी मेहमानों और जो लोग महान सम्मान के साथ उनके घरों में प्रवेश करने और हमेशा एक से जाना कह इलाज.

Pashtunwali – Persian Version / ولی پشتون — نسخه فارسی

پشتون ولی نانوشته دموکراتیک ، اجتماعی و سیاسی فرهنگ ، قانون و ایدئولوژی از جامعه پشتون ، از پدران و حامل خود را به نسل حاضر به عنوان یک کد حقوقی و اخلاقی که تعیین کننده نظم اجتماعی و مسئولیت های به ارث برده است.

این باستان “کد افتخار” که متعلق به پشتون ها از افغانستان و پاکستان ، از جمله جوامع پشتون در سراسر جهان است. پشتون ها در آغوش سنتی باستانی ، معنوی ، و هویت جمعی به مجموعه ای از کدهای اخلاقی و قواعد رفتار است که انعطاف پذیر و پویا ، که حاوی اصول مدرن و باستان گره خورده است.
این سیستم تمام امور اجتماعی و درونی جامعه پشتون قبل و بعد از اسلام اداره می شود. این را ایجاد کرده است دولت های بزرگ و کوچک محلی در آسیای مرکزی و جنوبی است و اجتماعی توسط اکثریت انجام می شود.

پشتون ولی ترویج احترام به خود ، استقلال ، عدالت ، مهمان نوازی ، عشق ، بخشش ، انتقام و تحمل نسبت به همه ، به خصوص به غریبه ها و مهمانان. همه این کدهای رفتاری هستند مفید در حفظ چک های اخلاقی و اجتماعی و توازن ، در درون جامعه پشتون. است در نظر گرفته مسئولیت شخصی هر پشتون را به کشف و دوباره کشف ذات و معنی پشتون ولی.

برای 8 قرن ‘ناسیونالیسم پشتون سیاسی دولت مرکزی برای اولین بار در قرن 12th شکل گرفته و پس از آن یک دولت قوی مرکزی در اواسط قرن 18 تاسیس شده است.
همه گروه های کوچک و بزرگ قبایل و اقوام و شرکت در اصلاح و بهبود از دولت دولت و مختلف آن در جنبه های اقتصادی ، اجتماعی و فرهنگی است. با تقویت روابط میان این گروه های قومی در امور اجتماعی و اقتصادی ، ناسیونالیسم را به ناسیونالیسم پشتون افغانستان تبدیل شده است.
پشتون است ولی سنگ پایه اول ، ناسیونالیسم پشتون دوم است و ملی گرایی افغانی است مرحله سوم و تکامل ساختار سیاسی است.

کد هستند ؛

* ایمان — اعتماد به خدا (معروف به “خدا”) مفهوم اعتماد به خالق یکی.
* افکار خوب ، خوب واژه ها ، کردار نیک — پشتون باید همیشه نسبت به افکار خوب ، زبان گفتار نیک و انجام عمل صالح تلاش.
* رفتار — پشتون ها با احترام رفتار می کنند باید نسبت به تمام مخلوقات از جمله انسانها ، جانوران و محیط اطراف آنها را. آلودگی محیط زیست و / یا تخریب آن است ولی در برابر پشتون.
* وحدت — بالاتر از زبان آنها صحبت می کنند ، بالاتر از خون آنها را نگهداری کرد ، بالاتر از مقدار پول آنها را ، ولی پشتون متحد پشتون به عنوان یک نفر در سراسر جهان است. درست است که در آن وحدت ، هر تلاش برای جدا کردن آنها را تنها در خدمت وحدت آنها برای تقویت وجود دارد. چه اتفاقی می افتد به یک — اتفاق می افتد به همه.
* برابری — هر مرد برابر است. هر مردی می خواهد در آینده اش می گویند و او را برای حق خود مبارزه به آراء و نظرات او شنیده می شود. همه مردم به همین خاطر باید با یکدیگر برخورد ، با نزاکت مناسب و یا احترام و هیچ کس نمی تواند اراده خود بر خود را به دیگری تحمیل کنند.
* مهمان نوازی و پناهگاه — مهمان نواز بودن به همه و بهخصوص به مهمان ها ، حتی دشمن ترین دشمنان ممکن است (در صورتی که برای خواسته) ارائه شود محراب ، پناهندگی و یا حفاظت و همچنین مواد غذایی و سایر کمک ها.
* عدالت و بخشش — اگر کسی عمدا خطاهای دیگر ، قربانی حق دارد ، حتی تعهد ، به انتقام این بی عدالتی به نسبت برابر است. اگر کسی عمدا به شما ستم ، و تو عدالت به دنبال ندارد و نه ستمکار از شما درخواست برای / بخشش خود را ، پس بدهی ، توسط او را به تو بدهکار / او ، که تنها می تواند یک بار تحقق عدالت (از طریق عمل انتقام یا تصمیم شورای جرگه) ارائه شده است به پاداش اشتباه انجام می شود.
* اخوان و اعتماد — اعتقاد به این که برادران پشتون ها یا خواهران باید مورد اعتماد و کمک به بیشترین حد ممکن است.
* افتخار — باید استقلال خود را پشتون و کرامت انسانی را حفظ کند. افتخار دارای اهمیت زیادی در جامعه پشتون و آن را بسیار مهم برای حفظ افتخار یک یا غرور.
* احترام به خود — افراد باید خود و دیگران به منظور قادر به انجام این کار ، به ویژه کسانی که آنها نمی دانند که احترام. احترام را در خانه آغاز می شود ، در میان اعضای خانواده و بستگان.
* شفقت و همکاری — فقیر ، ضعیف است ، و باید به چالش کشیده پشتیبانی می کند. ورود باید به محرومیت ترجیح داده میشود. برای دفاع در برابر استبداد ، فاشیسم و بیش از متعصب گروه ها و به کار هوشمند برای اولین بار و پس از آن سخت است.
* خانواده — خانواده باید تحت محکومیت مقدس از مسئولیت و وظیفه را با احترام به همسر ، فرزند ، بزرگان ، والدین ، فرزندان ، همسران و ستایش.
* ما یک خانواده — همکار پشتون باید برای اهمیت نداده ام. ممکن است صدها نفر از قبایل ، اما آنها در سرنوشت یک اتحادیه با یکدیگر.
* دانش — پشتون ها به دنبال دانش هدف در زندگی ، هنر ، علوم ، و فرهنگ را که در نظر گرفته میوه داده شده توسط خدا.
* پشتون تاریخ — ارزش بزرگ است در پشتون تاریخ ، تراژدی و پیروزی قرار گرفته است. می آموزد پشتون “به نگه داشتن ذهن باز ، برای ادامه جستجو برای حقیقت ، بسیاری از است که در زیر تاریخ خود از میان رفت”.
* مبارزه با شر — شیطان در جنگ مداوم با خوب است. ایول باید مبارزه کرد و خوب باید بر شر غلبه کنی. این وظیفه پشتون ها برای مبارزه با بد وقتی که او / او دارد می آید چهره به چهره با آن است.
* صداقت و قول — پشتون است برای نگه داشتن وعده های خود و صادق بودن در همه شرایط و زمان شناخته شده است. پشتون درست خواهد شد به عهد خود هرگز از.
* نوازی – پشتون درمان همه مهمانان و کسانی که وارد خانه خود را با احترام فراوان و همیشه به توسط یکی گفت.

Pashtunwali – Arabic Version / الباشتون — النسخة العربية

البشتون والي هو غير مكتوب الديمقراطية والاجتماعية والسياسية والثقافة ، والقانون والايديولوجية للمجتمع البشتون ، ورثت من أجدادهم والناقل للجيل الحالي باعتباره رمز القانونية والأخلاقية التي تحدد النظام والمسؤوليات الاجتماعية.

ومن قديمة “ميثاق شرف” الذي ينتمي إلى قبائل البشتون في أفغانستان وباكستان ، بما في ذلك مجتمعات البشتون في جميع أنحاء العالم. البشتون احتضان قديمة التقليدية والروحية ، والهوية الطائفية مرتبطة مجموعة من القواعد الأخلاقية وقواعد السلوك التي تتسم بالمرونة والديناميكية ، التي تتضمن المبادئ الحديثة والقديمة.
تمكنت هذا النظام جميع الشؤون الاجتماعية والداخلية للمجتمع الباشتون قبل الإسلام وبعده. وقد أنشأت الحكومات المحلية الصغيرة والكبيرة في وسط وجنوب آسيا ويمارس اجتماعيا من قبل الأغلبية.

البشتون والي يشجع احترام الذات والاستقلال والعدالة ، والضيافة ، والحب والتسامح والانتقام والتسامح تجاه الجميع ، ولا سيما إلى الغرباء والضيوف. كل هذه مدونات قواعد السلوك التي تساعد في الحفاظ على الشيكات الاجتماعية والأخلاقية والتوازنات داخل المجتمع البشتون. وهو يعتبر مسؤولية شخصية كل من البشتون لاكتشاف وإعادة اكتشاف جوهر ومعنى الولي البشتون.

لمدة 8 قرون ‘تشكيل حكومة قومية الباشتون السياسية المركزية لأول مرة في القرن 12th ، وأنشأ ثم تشكيل حكومة مركزية قوية في منتصف القرن 18.
وشارك جميع المجموعات الصغيرة والكبيرة والقبائل العرقية في إصلاح وتحسين الإدارة الحكومية وفي كافة جوانبه الاقتصادية والاجتماعية والثقافية. مع تعزيز العلاقات بين هذه الجماعات العرقية في الشؤون الاقتصادية والاجتماعية ، تحولت إلى قومية الباشتون القومية الأفغانية.
البشتون والي هو حجر الأساس الأول ، الباشتون القومية في المرتبة الثانية والقومية الافغانية هي المرحلة الثالثة والتطورية للبنية السياسية.

الرموز هي ؛

* الإيمان — الثقة في الله (المعروف باسم “الله”) مفهوم الثقة في الخالق واحد.
* خاطرة جيد ، جيد الكلمات ، الصالح — من الباشتون يجب أن نسعى دائما نحو التفكير الأفكار الجيدة ، والكلام جيد والعمل الصالح.
* سلوك — يجب أن تتصرف باحترام البشتون تجاه جميع المخلوقات بما في ذلك البشر والحيوانات والبيئة المحيطة بهم. تلوث البيئة و / أو تدميرها هو الولي ضد البشتون.
* الوحدة — فوق يتكلمون لغات ، وفوق أنها تبقي الدم ، وفوق مبلغ من المال لأنها تحقق ، البشتون والي يوحد البشتون كشعب واحد في جميع أنحاء العالم. حيث هناك وحدة وطنية حقيقية ، كل جهد ممكن لفكك منهم لن تؤدي إلا إلى تعزيز وحدة لديهم. ماذا يحدث لاحد — يحدث للجميع.
* المساواة — كل رجل هو على قدم المساواة. كل رجل يريد القول في مستقبله وقال انه سيدافع عن حقه في أن يكون رأيه مسموعا. ويجب على جميع الناس على التعامل بالتالي مع بعضها البعض ، مع الكياسة والاحترام السليم أو لا يجوز لأحد أن تفرض إرادتها على آخر.
* الضيافة والملاذ — كوني مضيافة للجميع ، وخاصة للضيوف ، حتى أشد الناس عداوة للأعداء أيار / مايو (إذا طلبت) أن توفر الملاذ واللجوء أو الحماية وكذلك المواد الغذائية والمساعدات الأخرى.
* العدل والغفران — إذا كان أحد الأخطاء عمدا آخر ، ضحية الحق ، بل واجب ، للانتقام من هذا الظلم في نسبة متساوية. إذا كان قد ظلمت عمدا واحدة لك ، وأنك لم السعي لتحقيق العدالة وليس للظالم أطلب منكم الصفح وظيفته ، ثم الدين ، ويعود إليكم من له / لها ، والتي يمكن أن تتحقق العدالة إلا مرة واحدة (من خلال فعل وقدمت الانتقام أو قرار من مجلس جيرغا) لتعويض الخطأ القيام به.
* الأخوة والثقة — في اعتقادهم بأنه ينبغي زميل موثوق بها الاخوة البشتون أو الأخوات وساعدت إلى أقصى حد ممكن.
* الشرف — يجب أن البشتون المحافظة على استقلاله وكرامة الإنسان. الشرف وأهمية كبيرة في المجتمع وأهميتها البشتون جدا للحفاظ على شرف واحد أو الفخر.
* احترام الذات — يجب أن يكون الأفراد احترام أنفسهم والآخرين من أجل أن تكون قادرة على القيام بذلك ، لا سيما انهم لا يعرفون. احترام تبدأ من البيت ، بين أفراد الأسرة والأقارب.
ولا بد من دعم الفقراء والضعفاء ، وتحدى — * التراحم والتعاون. يجب أن يكون من المفضل لإدراج الإقصاء. للدفاع ضد الجماعات الاستبداد والفاشية والتفاني والعمل على أول الذكية ويصعب بعد ذلك.
* الأسرة — يجب أن يمجد العائلة تحت قناعة مقدسة من مسؤولية وواجب مع احترام وزوجات بناته ، والشيوخ والآباء والأزواج والأبناء.
* ونحن عائلة واحدة — يجب أن يهتم لزميل البشتون. قد يكون هناك المئات من القبائل ، ولكن لديهم مصير واحد في الاتحاد مع بعضها البعض.
* المعرفة — البشتون طلب العلم الهدف في الحياة والفن والعلوم والثقافة ، والتي تعتبر الفواكه التي يمنحها الله.
* تاريخ البشتون — يتم وضع قيمة كبيرة في المآسي البشتون والتاريخ والانتصارات. أنه يعلم البشتون “للحفاظ على عقل منفتح ، لمواصلة البحث عن الحقيقة ، والكثير منها قد اختفت تحت التاريخ نفسه”.
* محاربة الشر — الشر هو في حالة حرب مستمرة مع جيدة. يجب محاربة الشر والخير يجب أن تنتصر على الشر. ومن واجب البشتون لمحاربة الشر عندما كان عليه أن يأتي وجها لوجه معها.
* الصدق والوعد — هو معروف من الباشتون لحفظ وعودهم وصادقة في جميع الحالات والأوقات. وسوف البشتون صحيح أبدا كسر عودهم.
* الضيافة والبشتون معاملة جميع الضيوف والناس الذين يدخلون بيوتهم مع احترام كبير ودائما من جانب واحد قائلا.

Pashtunwali – Urdu Version / پختون ولی — اردو ورژن

پشتون ولی ایک الکھیت جمہوری ، سماجی و سیاسی کلچر کے قانون ، اور شیروانی معاشرے کے نظریے ، ایک قانونی اور اخلاقی کوڈ کہ سماجی نظام اور ذمہ داریوں کا تعین کرتا ہے جیسا کہ موجودہ نسل کو ان کے باپ دادا اور پیشے سے وراثت میں ملا ہے.

یہ ہے کہ افغانستان اور پاکستان کے پشتون ہی کے لئے ہے ، دنیا بھر میں پختون کمیونٹی سمیت ایک قدیم “عزت کے کوڈ” ہے. پشتون ایک قدیم روایتی روحانی ، گلے ، اور اجتماعی تشخص کی اخلاقی کوڈ اور طرز عمل کے قوانین کا ایک سیٹ ہے کہ لچک دار اور متحرک ہے ، قدیم و جدید اصولوں پر مشتمل سے بندھا ہوا.
اس نظام سے پہلے اور اسلام کے بعد پھتون معاشرے کے تمام سماجی اور اندرونی معاملات میں کامیاب رہی ہے. یہ وسطی اور جنوبی ایشیا میں چھوٹی اور بڑی مقامی حکومتوں کو پیدا فرمایا ہے اور اسے سماجی طور پر اکثریت کی طرف سے عمل کیا جاتا ہے.

پختون ولی خود عزت ، آزادی ، انصاف ، مہمان نوازی ، محبت ، معافی سب کی طرف سے بدلہ ، اور رواداری کو فروغ دیتی ہے ، اجنبی اور مہمانوں کے لئے خاص طور سے. سب کاموں سے یہ کوڈ پشتون معاشرے میں سماجی اور اخلاقی چیک اینڈ بیلنس کو برقرار رکھنے میں مدد مل رہی ہے. یہ ہر پشتون کے ایک ذاتی ذمہ داری پر غور کرنے کی تلاش ہے اور دوبارہ پشتون ولی جوہر اور معنی کی تلاش.

‘8 ویں صدی کے لئے پھتون قوم پرستی 12th صدی میں پہلی بار ایک سیاسی مرکزی حکومت قائم کی اور پھر اس کے وسط 18th صدی میں ایک مضبوط مرکزی حکومت قائم کی.
تمام چھوٹی اور بڑی قبائل اور نسلی گروہوں سے حکومت انتظامیہ کی اصلاح اور بہتری میں اور اس کے مختلف اقتصادی ، سماجی اور ثقافتی پہلوؤں میں حصہ لیا. سماجی و اقتصادی امور میں ان نسلی گروہوں کے درمیان تعلقات کو مضبوط کرنے کے ساتھ ، پھتون قوم پرستی افغان قومیت میں تبدیل کر دیا گیا تھا.
پھتون قوم پرستی پشتون ولی کے پہلے سنگ بنیاد ہے ، دوسری ہے اور افغان قوم پرستی کے سیاسی ڈھانچے کے تیسرے اور ارتقاء کے مرحلے میں ہے.

کوڈ کر رہے ہیں ؛

* عقیدہ — خدا (کے طور پر “اللہ” کہا جاتا ہے) ایک خالق ہے میں یقین کے خیال میں یقین کرتا ہوں.
* اچھے خیالات ، بہت اچھا کلام ، نیک اعمال — ایک پختون ہمیشہ اچھی سوچ ، اچھے الفاظ بولنے اور نیک اعمال کرتے رہے طرف جہاد کرنا ہوگا.
* برتاؤ — پشتون لوگوں ، جانوروں اور ان کے ارد گرد کے ماحول سمیت تمام مخلوق کی طرف احترام سے پیش آنا چاہیے. ماحول کی آلودگی اور / یا اس کی بربادی پشتون ولی کے خلاف ہے.
* وحدت — زبانوں میں انہوں نے خون کے وہ رقم جو وہ کرتے کے اوپر رکھنا ، ، پختون ولی کو دنیا بھر میں ایک قوم کے طور پر پشتونوں کو متحد کرتی اوپر بات ، اوپر. جہاں سچ یکتا ، ہر درمیان پھوٹ ڈال ان کے اتحاد ان کے پاس مضبوط بنانے کے لئے صرف خدمت کرے گا کرنے کی کوشش ہے. ایک ساتھ کیا ہوتا ہے — سب کو ہوتا ہے.
* مساوات — ہر شخص کے برابر ہے. ہر شخص چاہتا ہے ایک اس کی مستقبل میں کہیں اور انہوں نے اپنے حق کی لڑائی ہے اس کا قول سن لیا جائے گا. سب لوگ ایک دوسرے کے ساتھ اس لئے مناسب كياسة یا احترام اور نہ ایک دوسرے کے لئے پر ان کے گا مسلط کر سکتے ہیں ایک سے نمٹنے چاہئے.
* ہوسٹنگ اور حرم — ہونے کے ناطے سب سے نواز ، اور مہمانوں کے لئے خاص طور سے ، یہاں تک کہ دشمن کے سب سے زیادہ دشمن ہے (اگر مانگا) کر سکتے ہیں حرم سے پناہ کا ، یا حفاظت کے طور پر خوراک اور دیگر امداد فراہم کی جائے.
* انصاف اور بخشش — اگر کسی کو جان بوجھ کر ایک دوسرے پر ظلم کیا ، شکار کا حق بھی ایک ذمہ داری ، برابر کا تناسب میں اس ظلم سے بدلہ لینے کی ہے. اگر کسی کو جان بوجھ کر آپ پر ظلم کیا ہے ، اور آپ کو انصاف حاصل نہیں کیا اور نہ ہی ظالم آپ کو اس کی بخشش ہے ، تو ایک قرض ہے ، اس کی طرف سے تم پر واجب الادا طلب / اس کے ، جس میں صرف ایک بار انصاف کیا جا سکتا ہے ایک ایکٹ کے ذریعے پورا کیا ( بدلہ یا جرگہ کونسل کے فیصلہ) کو غلط کیا بدلہ فراہم کی گئی.
* اخوان المسلمون اور اعتماد کی — یہ عقیدہ ہے کہ ساتھی پشتون بھائیوں یا بہنوں اور پر اعتماد ہونا چاہئے سب سے زیادہ ممکن حد تک مدد فراہم کی.
* عزت — پشتونوں کو ان کی آزادی اور انسانی وقار کو برقرار رکھنے چاہئے. جج صاحب پشتون معاشرے اور اس کے بہت سے اہم میں بڑی اہمیت ہے ایک اعزاز یا فخر برقرار رکھنے کے لئے ہے.
* خود احترام — افراد کے لئے ایسا کرنے کے لیے ، خاص طور سے ان لوگوں کو وہ نہیں جانتے کے قابل ہوں خود کو اور دوسروں کا احترام کرنا چاہئے. عزت گھر میں خاندان کے رکن اور قریبی رشتہ داروں میں سے ہوتی ہے ،.
* ہمدردی اور تعاون — غریب ، کمزور ، اور چیلنج کی حمایت کی جائے گی. انکلوژن اخراج کو ترجیح دی ہوگی. کرنے کے لئے ظلم ، فاسیواد اور پر سرگرم گروپوں کے خلاف اپنا دفاع اور کام کرنے کی زبردست پہلے اور پھر مشکل.
* خاندانی — خاندان کی ذمہ داری اور ذمہ داری کے ایک بیویوں ، بیٹیوں ، بزرگوں ، ماں باپ ، بیٹے ، شوہر اور اس کے لئے احترام کے ساتھ مقدس کی سزا کے تحت پاک کرنا ہوگا.
ساتھی پشتون کے لئے دیکھ بھال ہوگا — * ہم نے ایک خاندان ہے. وہاں قبائل کے سینکڑوں ہو ، لیکن وہ ایک دوسرے کے ساتھ اتحاد میں سے ایک کی قسمت ہو سکتا ہے.
پشتون زندگی ، فن ، سائنس اور ثقافت کے مقصد علم ، جو خدا کی طرف سے عطا کی پھل سمجھا جاتا ہے طلب — علم *.
* پشتون تاریخ — عظیم قیمت پشتون تاریخ تراسدیوں ، اور فتوحات میں رکھا جاتا ہے. یہ پشتون سکھاتا ہے “کے کھلے دل رکھنے کے لئے ، حق کی تلاش جاری رکھنے کے لئے ، بہت سے جن کی تاریخ ہی کے تحت موجود ہے”.
* برائی سے لڑو — شیطان اچھا کے ساتھ مسلسل حالت جنگ میں ہے. شیطان اور ہو لڑے گا اچھا نقصان پر ضرور غالب ہو. یہ ایک پشتون ہی برا لڑنے کے لئے جب وہ / وہ اس کے ساتھ آمنے سامنے آتا ہے فرض ہے.
* ایمانداری اور وعدہ — ایک پشتون اپنے وعدے رکھنے اور تمام حالات اور اوقات میں ایماندار ہونے کی وجہ سے جانا جاتا ہے. ایک سچا پشتون اپنا عہد توڑ ڈالتے کبھی نہیں ہوگا.
* ہوسٹنگ پشتون تمام مہمانوں اور لوگ بہت احترام کے ساتھ ان کے گھروں میں داخل ہوا اور ہمیشہ ایک طرف سے کہہ جانے کا علاج.

Anti Semetism in the Fashion World – John Galliano

The scandalous star designer John Galliano declared his love for Hitler and came with strong anti-Semitic statements in a video shown on the British tabloid newspaper The Sun’s website. The video showed an obviously intoxicated Galliano that was scolding people in a bistro in Paris located in a district where many Jews live.

“I love Hitler. People like you should have died, their mothers and their ancestors should all be gassed,” Galliano said to a group of guests who were partly Jewish and partly of other ethnic origins.

Galliano was already temporarily suspended from his position in the fashion house Dior for having made anti-Semitic statements and this happened in the same restaurant where he once again offended other guests.

Galliano who is British, took over the creative responsibilities at Dior in 1996 and has received a lot of credit for the fashion house’s increasing economy but his statements is probably enough to shut him out from Dior’s big fashion show this Friday.

(FILES) A file picture taken on October 1, 2010 in Paris, shows British designer John Galliano. French police briefly detained Galliano in Paris on February 24, 2011 evening for alleged assault and making anti-Semitic remarks, a police source told AFP on February 25, 2011. The designer was released pending charges being filed. AFP PHOTO / FRANCOIS GUILLOT

Queen Victoria – Empress of India

Born on May 24 1819 Alexandrina Victoria was the only child of the fourth son of King George III: Edward, duke of Kent. Her mother was Victoria Maria Louisa of Saxe-Coburg, sister of King Leopold of the Belgians.

About Queen Victoria

Victoria became heiress-apparent of the British crown on the death of her uncle George IV, and when her uncle William IV died childless in 1837, she became Queen of Great Britain. She was crowned the next year. Her Era was the longest of all in the Royal History of Great Britain. She tested the limits of her royal powers when the government of Lord Melbourne, the Whig who had been her mentor, fell the next year. She refused to follow precedent and dismiss her ladies of the bedchamber so that the Tory government could replace them. Her refusal brought back the Whigs until 1841. The Queen’s first language was German. German was the language of her mother and governess. She also spoke English, French and Hindustani.

Marriage: She’d met her cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, when they were both seventeen. When they were twenty, he returned to England, and Victoria, in love with him, proposed marriage. They were married on February 10, 1840.Their first child, a daughter, was born in November 1840, and the Prince of Wales, Edward, in 1841. Three more sons and four more daughters followed. Victoria had traditional views on the role of the wife and mother, and though she was Queen and Albert was Prince Consort, he shared government responsibilities at least equally.

Indian Attraction: After the victory of British East India Company in the Revolt of 1857, She got the title of Empress of India which later on became the most popular title of Victorian Era. She was the first to use the title Empress of India. Queen Victoria had an affinity with  India and all things Indian. This was probably why she took an instant liking to an Indian manservant Munshi Hafiz Abdul Karim. Abdul Karim was from the Taj Mahal city Agra and had come to Victoria as a gift on the occasion of the Golden Jubilee of her reign in 1887. He was to serve the queen as a waiter but soon this personable young man of 24. with suave manners became her special favorite. Victoria and Abdul Karim often talked in Urdu, foiling the attempts of those who would very much have liked to eavesdrop on what was going on between them. With the change in his status, came the change in Abdul Karim’s residence. The Queen moved him from the servants quarters, giving him cottages in the ground of royal palaces at Balmoral, Windsor and Osborne House. She assisted him in bringing his family to Britain where they lived at the royal expense. In 1878 Victoria had founded the Order of Indian Empire to honor people of outstanding merit who had served in India.

Widowhood: Death of Prince Albert in 1861 devastated her; her prolonged mourning lost her much popularity. Eventually coming out of seclusion, she maintained an active role in government until her death in 1901. Her reign was marked by waxing and waning popularity — and suspicions that she preferred the Germans a bit too much always diminished her popularity somewhat. By the time she had assumed the throne, the British monarchy was more figurehead and influence than it was a direct power in the government, and her long reign did little to change that.

Death: It was a winter time in Great Britain & every one was enjoying the first month of the New Year of 1901 when the entire British Empire was fallen into mourning & was paying homage to the Great Queen Victoria. On Tuesday 22nd January 1901 at 6:30pm at the age of 81 when the dusk was falling on the sky The angels of death were busy taking the soul of the Empress of India leading to an end of a Victorian Era & the rule of House of Hanover in the UK.The Queen was suffering from Rheumatism in her legs which had rendered her lame and her eyesight was bearing the shades of cataract. She was laid to rest in peace near the grave of her beloved husband Price Albert in Frogmore Mausoleum at Windsor Great Park . Her Funeral was the only White Funeral where everyone was dressed in whites as requested by her.

Assassination Attempts: Five attempts were made to assassinate Queen Victoria during here lifetime which she survived with no serious injuries.

Legacy: Herself written Letters, Leaves from the Journal of our Life in the Highlands and More Leaves. Biographies of Victoria: Lytton Strachey’s Queen Victoria, are now considered out of date.The biographies written by Elizabeth Longford and Cecil Woodham-Smith, in 1964 and 1972 respectively, are still widely admired. Victoria Memorial in Calcutta – India, Victoria Memorial – London, State of Victoria in Australia & Victoria Waterfalls in Africa are named after her.

Children of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert:

  • Victoria: Princess Royal, married Frederick III of Germany and mother to Kaiser Wilhelm
  • Albert Edward: Prince of Wales, later king as Edward VII
  • Alice: married the Duke of Hesse
  • Alfred: Duke of Edinburgh and of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
  • Helena: married Prince Kristian of Schleswig-Holstein
  • Louise: married the Marquis of Lorne
  • Arthur: Duke of Connaught
  • Leopold: Duke of Albany
  • Beatrice: married Prince Henry of Battenber

Also read about Victoria’s Life with Prince Albert in our blog on Prince Albert

Important Events on February 14

February 14: Valentine’s Day

  • 1912 – Arizona became the 48th and last of the contiguous United States to be admitted into the Union.
  • 1919 – The first serious armed conflict of the Polish–Soviet War took place near present-day Biaroza, Belarus.
  • 1949 – The Knesset, the legislature of Israel, convened for the first time, succeeding the Assembly of Representatives that had functioned as the Jewish community’s parliament during the British Mandate Era.
  • 1989 – A fatwa was issued for the execution of Salman Rushdie (pictured) for authoring The Satanic Verses, a novel Islamic fundamentalists considered blasphemous.
  • 2007 – The first of several bombings in Zahedan, Iran, claimed the lives of 18 members of the Revolutionary Guards.
  • 2008 – Steven Kazmierczak opened fire into a crowded lecture hall on the campus of Northern Illinois University in DeKalb, Illinois, US, killing five and injuring 24.

 

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