Archive for the ‘Technology’ Category
After introducing the economic reforms Indian has now came places. India now not only rose to a respected position on world platform but her economic boom & large population is also contributing to other countries growth story. Here are the few facts about India. Though after all this boom & applause India still remains a very poor country with increasing in equality, inflation & corruption damaging India’s repo as rising soft world power.
Facts about India:
$ 3.548 trillion GDP
India is the third richest country in Asia having $ 3.548 trillion GDP compared on Purchasing Power Parity. GDP per capita of India is $ 3, 1000 with growing population. India is the third wealthiest nation of Asia having a fastest growing economy which is progressing at a rate of 7% per year. 4th in the World after US, China & Japan.
3,165,596 Sq Kms
Is the Land Area of India making her a 7th largest country in the world & 2nd largest country in Asia.
2.67 million bbl/day Oil consumption
Even though India meet her 30% of oil consumption from her domestic oil blocks but the rest difference made her the fourth largest consumer of OIL & GAS this has lead in a huge investments on foreign exploration by Indian Oil & Gas giants. India consuming oil at 2.67 million bbl/day. The combination of oil consumption and relatively flat production has left India increasingly dependent on imports to meet its petroleum demand. In terms of oil use, transportation is the largest sector with highest consumption.
256 million tonnes per annum increasing by 45% annually
India is also the world’s biggest oil refiner with refining all daily raw crude of the Gulf Region & of its own. & host of a world biggest oil refining complex in Jamnagar – Gujarat.
1trillion US Dollars defence imports for next five year
As per Stockholm International Peace Research Institute India is the biggest buyer of arms in the world making a staggering 1 trillion US Dollars of purchase budget for arms imports.
40million tonnes of wheat, 30million tonnes of oil seeds
Is the consumption which requires satisfying the population hunger of India as per UPI Asia estimates? Even though India is in some respect is self sufficient in agricultural production but as the population grows India is now looking to satisfy her hunger through imports last year India imports 5 million tons of wheat & another 7% more oil seeds, even after the bumper crop India have to import other food items respectively. India also supports the largest cattle population in the world making India self sufficient in meat & dairy products supporting the 2nd most populated country in the world with figures going more than 1.2 billion people.
Is the length of Indian Railway network which is the fourth largest in the world carrying 25million passengers & 2.5million tons of freight daily & employing 1.6million people which makes it the largest employer of the world.
3.314 million Kilometres
Is the total length of India’s road network positioning at the worlds third largest. India has the world’s highest road density.
Are mobile phone users making India the world’s fastest growing wireless market & positioning India at 3rd place in the world’s list of mobile phone subscribers?
India is the home of the World’s largest ship breaking yard which employees more than 500000 people & breaks almost all the retired shipping vessels of the world. It also houses the one of the world’s largest shipping industry also.
India has now become a second country after US who has launched mission on moon successfully. This has made India a global hub for space technology & aero space engineering which is not only efficient but also cheapest in the world.
Nearly 70% of the information technology & software development & research is done in India making it a largest silicon valley hub of the world.
India has become outsourcing power & centre of the world as almost all the outsourcing in all services being sourced from here. Indian economy before 1990 was agriculture driven economy but now India is a service driven economy transforming her into a technology power house & synonymously tagging a Soft Power Tag.
Almost 70% of the world’s nanotechnology, biotechnological need is being researched & sourced from India.
Pharmaceutical sector is another which is now advancing with enormous pace making it one of the biggest pharma sectors in the world.
After China, India has the world’s highest density of cars where almost every car maker has its manufacturing facility specially designed for meeting Indian demand & also for export purposes. In Delhi alone 1200 cars are sold every day & another 1000 add on the road making Delhi 2nd most polluted city after Beijing as per WHO report. Resulting in a huge traffic jams & increased numbers of road accidents.
India is the largest consumer of Palm Oil in the world 80% of the Palm Oil produced annually in the world is consumed by India.
India is the largest consumer of Gold & Silver in the world where nearly 68% of the total production is consumed by the Indians only.
India is the hub of the world’s largest diamond cutting industry where 9 out of 10 diamonds in the world are cut in India.
Indian is the largest producer of Mica in the world, India has huge reserves of coal, iron ore, bauxite, uranium, titanium, thorium, zinc, copper, silver, gold, limestone, bronze, precious stones, granite, marble which rank India in the top five. India also has proven sufficient reserves of natural gas, oil, shale gas.
What comes to your mind when you think about China?
We think about that everything is made in China; think about the strict discipline they are raised with, noodles, kung fu movies and communism. But the fact is that now days everybody is speaking about China’s economical growth and that they are on their way to become the new superpower.
So now they are about to become the world’s largest in the car market as there is bought more cars in China than in any other country in the world. This has resulted in endless traffic jams and very much pollution in the air. So here are some numbers to highlight China’s economical growth and success in the international world.
1, 34 billion;
Chinese people eat, drink, consume and produce more than any other country in the world and this means that every 1 in 5 people are Chinese. Therefore the new frightening word in US industry is “China price”.
Vehicles were sold in China in 2010 and it is expected that by 2020 the number will increase to 40 million. China has about 85 million registered cars, buses and trucks. With this enormous sales growth, China will beat USA with its 250 million in 10 years.
Cars were sold each day in the first 9 months alone in Beijing, the world’s most polluted city. On a normal day, Beijing’s pollution level is 4 times higher than what WHO (World Health Organization) describes as acceptable to live in.
Vehicles are sold every day in China. Norway in contrast sells 127.000 cars in a year and has 2, 5 million registered vehicles.
Over 500 million;
Bikes are in China and in 1998, 60% of the Chinese people used their bikes to get to work. Today the number has decreased to 20%. What once used to be bike paths are now turned into car roads.
China borders to 14 countries;
The countries are; North Korea, Russia, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Burma, Laos and Vietnam. In addition to this, China also borders to the South China Sea, East China Sea, Yellow Sea and Korea Bay.
The world’s largest;
Dam is located in China and is called Three Gorges Dam. All 13 small cities have been relocated to make room for the reservoir which took 10 years to build.
3, 7 million km;
Paved road runs through a landscape of 9, 6 million square kilometers.
70 000 km;
Highway is located around the country linking the 169 largest cities with more than 2 million people.
Climate in China;
The climate is varied. The North is cold and dry the more near you get the Himalayas and Tibet and in the South it is warm tropical climate.
Was the total value of China’s exports of goods and services in 2009. China has overtaken the US, Germany and Japan as they became the world’s largest exporter.
China produces 200,000 km with zippers, enough to measure 5 times around the earth and 15 billion buttons in a year.
of all the toys for children and adults are made in one of the 10 000 toy factories in China.
Ice cream was invented in China as they combined milk, rice mixture and snow. For many centuries, China was one of the most advanced civilizations in the world and the great inventions such as the compass, gunpowder, paper, printing art, fireworks and Chinese medicine was invented by them.
China is rich in;
natural resources such as coal, oil and iron ore. Meanwhile, China is also the world’s largest energy consumer and second largest consumer of oil and it is expected that they take back the United States.
mobile users are in China. Perhaps not so surprising considering that half of all mobile phones is also manufactured there.
of all the world’s pigs are eaten in China. The insatiable Chinese also eat a third of the world rice, 53% soya beans and 19% of all poultry. However, China remains a “poor” country which until recently received support through the UN World Food Program.
These are huge numbers and China is the largest in producing, exporting, consuming etc. But what is concerning is that by having so much production, the country is getting severely polluted and not a healthy place to live. Because of the increasing population, many Chinese people also do have problems to finding a place to live as the rent prices is high. Not long ago, I read about students and working families who had to live in a small tiny room 5 -6 floors under the ground (basement). The room was so small that it seemed like a prison cell with no windows and view. I was amazed how people could live there, but then they also mentioned that the students had wireless internet connection.
Another case is the yearly migration of people. Tens of millions travel across the country to reach home for the Lunar New Year celebrations. This year, an estimated of 2, 85 billion people planned to return to their homes for the Lunar New Year, 0,3 billion more than last year. But it’s not easy as mentioned. People have to stand for hours and throughout the night in the cold waiting to purchase a ticket. But if you are willing to pay a “little extra” there is always a ticket available.
While pathologists often need to open large parts of the body to investigate possible causes of death of the deceased, a new technique has opened discussions about maybe changing the entire autopsy process, writes BBC.
The technique developed by a research team at the University of Leicester, is to make a small incision in the neck of the deceased, and then they scan the body.
Trauma, fractures and cancer
Through computerized tomography, which is a cross-section image of the body without doing damage, or CT scans, the research team able to scan the body for external trauma, fractures and cancer.
Examination of the heart requires however a slightly different technique, but even here there is no more than a cut in the neck that is needed. A catheter is brought through the incision down to the arteries around the heart. Air and white liquid injected through the catheter, before a CT scan allows a detailed search for heart disease.
The technique, which has been tested on 33 people, has determined causes of death by 80 % accuracy. Sarah Saunder, who leads the research team, believes this method is as good at estimating the causes of death, like the original and it will also cost less to implement, and far more effective, she argues.
But it is still a disagreed method as other pathologists around Europe think it will be rather expensive to implement this technique as well as that the old method is the most secure one.
Today Android has become a possible contender to major market players Windows & Apple especially in the smart phones section. It is the revolution launched by Google Inc to grab a respective market share & erode a sheer dominance of the Windows OS. Android is a mobile operating system initially developed by Android Inc. Android was bought by Google in 2005. Android is based upon a modified version of the Linux kernel. Google and other members of the Open Handset Alliance collaborated on Android’s development and release. The Android Open Source Project (AOSP) is tasked with the maintenance and further development of Android.The only disadvantage to it is that It is still at an initial stage with fews infancies & stabilities but it has given the edge to lot of mobile phone manufacturers to provide better options & applications developed by them for their users.
Handset Alliance & Market Development: On the 5th of November 2007 the Open Handset Alliance, a consortium of several companies which include Texas Instruments, Broadcom Corporation, Google, HTC, Intel, LG, Marvell Technology Group, Motorola, Nvidia, Qualcomm, Samsung Electronics, Sprint Nextel and T-Mobile was unveiled with the goal to develop open standards for mobile devices. Along with the formation of the Open Handset Alliance, the OHA also unveiled their first product, Android, a mobile device platform built on the Linux kernel version 2.6. On 9 December 2008, it was announced that 14 new members would be joining the Android Project, including PacketVideo, ARM Holdings, Atheros Communications, Asustek Computer Inc, Garmin Ltd, Softbank, Sony Ericsson, Toshiba Corp, and Vodafone Group Plc.The new developments are now taking place in terms with Samsung Tab, Dell Streax, & other devices Like Micromax Android. In early 2010 Google collaborated with HTC to launch its flagship Android device, the Nexus One. This was followed later in 2010 with the Samsung-made Nexus S. The world’s first TV running Android, called Scandinavia, has also been launched by the company People of Lava. In Q4 2010 the Android O.S. was the world’s best-selling smartphone platform, dethroning Nokia’s Symbian from the 10 year top position, according to Canalys. With the growing number of Android handsets, there has also been an increased interest by third party developers to port their applications to the Android operating system. As of December 2010, the Android Marketplace had over 200,000 applications.
Versions of Android: 2.0/2.1 (Eclair), 2.2 (Froyo), 2.3 (Gingerbread), 3.0 (Honeycomb), Ice-cream sandwich,
Licensing: With the exception of brief update periods, Android has been available under a free software / open source license since 21 October 2008. Google published the entire source code (including network and telephony stacks) under an Apache License. Google also keeps the reviewed issues list publicly open for anyone to see and comment.
This new Google’s invention has taken a market like storm creating new waves of cut throat competition & fine edge technologies between the giants like MS, Apple, Google & many more.