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Posts tagged ‘1857 Revolt’

Capital of Afghans in India from the facades of Rohilkhand – Bareilly. by Fahad Hussain

Founded by Mukrand Rai in 1657 & nourished by Afghan warriors Bareilly is a true Afghan city which in true sense was developed by the Rohilla warriors of the Mughal Army consisting of Yousufzai, Barech, Khatakzai. Since my childhood days I have always get fascinated by the stories & the history of these tribes which have contributed in their own respect. Growing as stepping stones walking in the by lanes of my grandmother’s house I always been a witness to the changing archaeology of this city once used to be thriving Rohilla stronghold where there are forts & estates of honoured warriors concreting the bricks of Afghan second home out of Durand wondering why they had made this place to be their second to none native place, so, the answer lies in the geographic location of this city which is been properly residing at the equidistance junction at the cross roads of Agra, Delhi, Lucknow, Nepal & the mountains of Himalaya which gives both the feel of home & the political connectivity with different empires & kingdoms of those times. As I walked through life, I have witnessed the encroachment on the famous real estates of the Rohilla Empire which though was destroyed by the British after the 1857 revolt. Era of Hafiz Rehmat Khan (15 September 1748 – 23 April 1774). The Rohilla Fort (famously called as Qila localy) once a luxury resting place is now wears the worn & torn of the aftermath standing now as the gates with its remaining facades colour in the red brick over looking at the heart of India’s longest market where one can find shops dated back to late 19th & early 20th centuries making jewellery since the Afghan’s time. Afghans has not only developed this city but also contributed to its vibrant & tribal ideological culture mixed of all religions synonymously turning into the city of peace. There are lots of festivities & celebration where hardly people find in any other Indian city though now a day’s getting increasingly popular.

Legacy: One can see the archaeological sites though not protected still fighting for their survival can be reached easily by road. Archaeological sites one can still see in this century are: Jama Masjid – Pilibhit (Rohilkhand Division), Gates & Facades of ruined Rohilla fort – Bareilly, Ramnagar Fort – Aonla, Bareilly, Tomb of Hafiz Rehmat Khan – Badaun (Rohilkhand Division) Tombs built by other Rohilla leaders in Fatehganj , Bareilly, Raza Library – Rampur (Rohilkhand Division), Rampur Fort & Railway station – Rampur (Rohilkhand Division), Bibi Ji ji Masjid – Bareilly, various ruins & damaged estates across Rohilkhand Division, colony of Zakheera where one can still find the old estates of Rohillas & other districts which were earlier was the part of Rohilla Empire (Meerut, Muzaffar Nagar, Bijnor, Shahjahanpur, Kumaon & Garhwal Regions of Uttarakhand state), Durgah of Hafiz Rehmat Khan centre of famous Islamic school of thought “Bareilvi”. One can meet & find pure Afghan people in the city living there for generations now though most of them have now become a mixed Indian due to the inter racial marriages but the feel of Afghan can still be feel & smell in the City with the presence of numerous Afghan tribes with the walls of the beautiful vibrant by lanes of this historic geography spreading the fragrance of its glorious past & telling stories of the martyred empire which once ruled the basin of Ramganga now a dried & filthy drain.

Queen Victoria – Empress of India

Born on May 24 1819 Alexandrina Victoria was the only child of the fourth son of King George III: Edward, duke of Kent. Her mother was Victoria Maria Louisa of Saxe-Coburg, sister of King Leopold of the Belgians.

About Queen Victoria

Victoria became heiress-apparent of the British crown on the death of her uncle George IV, and when her uncle William IV died childless in 1837, she became Queen of Great Britain. She was crowned the next year. Her Era was the longest of all in the Royal History of Great Britain. She tested the limits of her royal powers when the government of Lord Melbourne, the Whig who had been her mentor, fell the next year. She refused to follow precedent and dismiss her ladies of the bedchamber so that the Tory government could replace them. Her refusal brought back the Whigs until 1841. The Queen’s first language was German. German was the language of her mother and governess. She also spoke English, French and Hindustani.

Marriage: She’d met her cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, when they were both seventeen. When they were twenty, he returned to England, and Victoria, in love with him, proposed marriage. They were married on February 10, 1840.Their first child, a daughter, was born in November 1840, and the Prince of Wales, Edward, in 1841. Three more sons and four more daughters followed. Victoria had traditional views on the role of the wife and mother, and though she was Queen and Albert was Prince Consort, he shared government responsibilities at least equally.

Indian Attraction: After the victory of British East India Company in the Revolt of 1857, She got the title of Empress of India which later on became the most popular title of Victorian Era. She was the first to use the title Empress of India. Queen Victoria had an affinity with  India and all things Indian. This was probably why she took an instant liking to an Indian manservant Munshi Hafiz Abdul Karim. Abdul Karim was from the Taj Mahal city Agra and had come to Victoria as a gift on the occasion of the Golden Jubilee of her reign in 1887. He was to serve the queen as a waiter but soon this personable young man of 24. with suave manners became her special favorite. Victoria and Abdul Karim often talked in Urdu, foiling the attempts of those who would very much have liked to eavesdrop on what was going on between them. With the change in his status, came the change in Abdul Karim’s residence. The Queen moved him from the servants quarters, giving him cottages in the ground of royal palaces at Balmoral, Windsor and Osborne House. She assisted him in bringing his family to Britain where they lived at the royal expense. In 1878 Victoria had founded the Order of Indian Empire to honor people of outstanding merit who had served in India.

Widowhood: Death of Prince Albert in 1861 devastated her; her prolonged mourning lost her much popularity. Eventually coming out of seclusion, she maintained an active role in government until her death in 1901. Her reign was marked by waxing and waning popularity — and suspicions that she preferred the Germans a bit too much always diminished her popularity somewhat. By the time she had assumed the throne, the British monarchy was more figurehead and influence than it was a direct power in the government, and her long reign did little to change that.

Death: It was a winter time in Great Britain & every one was enjoying the first month of the New Year of 1901 when the entire British Empire was fallen into mourning & was paying homage to the Great Queen Victoria. On Tuesday 22nd January 1901 at 6:30pm at the age of 81 when the dusk was falling on the sky The angels of death were busy taking the soul of the Empress of India leading to an end of a Victorian Era & the rule of House of Hanover in the UK.The Queen was suffering from Rheumatism in her legs which had rendered her lame and her eyesight was bearing the shades of cataract. She was laid to rest in peace near the grave of her beloved husband Price Albert in Frogmore Mausoleum at Windsor Great Park . Her Funeral was the only White Funeral where everyone was dressed in whites as requested by her.

Assassination Attempts: Five attempts were made to assassinate Queen Victoria during here lifetime which she survived with no serious injuries.

Legacy: Herself written Letters, Leaves from the Journal of our Life in the Highlands and More Leaves. Biographies of Victoria: Lytton Strachey’s Queen Victoria, are now considered out of date.The biographies written by Elizabeth Longford and Cecil Woodham-Smith, in 1964 and 1972 respectively, are still widely admired. Victoria Memorial in Calcutta – India, Victoria Memorial – London, State of Victoria in Australia & Victoria Waterfalls in Africa are named after her.

Children of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert:

  • Victoria: Princess Royal, married Frederick III of Germany and mother to Kaiser Wilhelm
  • Albert Edward: Prince of Wales, later king as Edward VII
  • Alice: married the Duke of Hesse
  • Alfred: Duke of Edinburgh and of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
  • Helena: married Prince Kristian of Schleswig-Holstein
  • Louise: married the Marquis of Lorne
  • Arthur: Duke of Connaught
  • Leopold: Duke of Albany
  • Beatrice: married Prince Henry of Battenber

Also read about Victoria’s Life with Prince Albert in our blog on Prince Albert

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