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Somalia – The Truth of Unclaimed Nation

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Horn of Africa an old jewel left exploited and stripped has faced the non destined fortune which people have been facing since the last two decades. Somalia once used to be a great trading and immigration center for Asian and Arab merchants had lived its era of prosperity.

The greedy natures of the self discriminatory politics have crushed all hopes of this dying nation where people have been fighting for their survival every day.
The central transitional government recognized by the international community as the official representative for Somalia affairs hardly controls an area of more than few sq kms confined to the state capital Mogadishu.
Somalia saw its destruction due to four factors which intervened in its affairs since 1960s. These factors have always ruled the political environment of this once great nation. The Conference which was held in London in last month February 2012 under the leadership of David Cameroon – Prime Minister of UK and Hilary Clinton – US State Secretary has been a late but much needed attempt to draw the global attention towards Somalia.
But due to the negligence by the global community and rigid nature of terms set up by them for dialogue with various territory holders of Somalia resulted in the destruction of the lives and families of the people of Somalia and the nation at large.
Somalia and its people are fighting the war from within and with their neighbors’ who have never supported the cause of Somalia and are one of the major forces behind the destruction of the Somalia’s society and its country especially Ethiopia whose constant interference in the internal matters and policies of Somalia have damaged the entire political and national set up hence; dividing the country from all spheres of existence.
It is a surprising fact that a nation which has remained without a government and legal constitutional system from more than twenty years has existed with complete territorial integrity with no advances made by any African country with exception of Ethiopia which control a small part of Somalia’s territory however with no claim as such on it.
The second most disastrous factor which contributed in the start of Somalia Civil War and the national divide is due to the un-coordinated nature exists in the caste based system of Somalia. It is this factor which has done major destruction of Somalia’s national integrity and unacceptability of the national political system created after the independence in 1960 which ended up in the political disaster during 1991 when the President Siad Barre government was overthrown, resulted in the one of the most destructive civil wars took place in the recent history.
Millions since then have been affected by the ongoing conflict while entire Somali population suffers from pro-longed drought and famine existing conditions which they are experiencing from last 15 years which has taken toll to thousands of lives irrespective of any caste or creed of their domain.
Where people were forced to leave their homelands in search of safer abode where they can at least have one meal a day and can also live safe away from the hands of extremists who have not only ruined their country by taking large swathes of territory but has also put their livelihood on the cross-roads where they have no choice but to take up the work left for them to earn their fortune.
Billions of Dollars of international assistance have already been given and being provided by UN through various governments agencies and organizations but the matter of the fact lies the same old situation with no progress visibly telling the development story of once prosperous nation. Even though the London Conference was organized to bring out the solution to the two decades long conflict and provide a stable government with unified voices from various factions and controllers of the Somalia’s territory. The theme of addressing the causes of the Somali conflict and the need for new approach mentioned in the speech of UK PM, David Cameron seems abandoned or unarticulated while the publicly rejected Roadmap of the United Nations Political Office for Somalia (UNPOS) took the center stage.
The following seven themes hold different meanings to the Somali people as illustrated below:
1. Security: Means no professional responsible Somali national Security forces under the exclusive control of a legitimate national government and instead more foreign forces in Somalia. A local authority protected and empowered by foreign forces cannot be accountable to the Somali people.
2. Political Process: Means continuation of vassal Transitional Federal Government (TFG)’s model of IGAD, clan based regional states, letters to the Diaspora from the Special Representative of the Secretary General, and abusive threats and accusations as spoilers of peace to the critics of the inept TFG, Kenya and Ethiopian intervention in Somalia or opponents to Kampala Accord, the deceitful Roadmap or UNPOS’s wrongheaded policies.
Even the representatives of the people of Somalia (Members of Parliament) are not immune from the foreign threats for punishment in fulfilling their constitutional rights and responsibilities. IGAD’s angry letter (IGAD threatens sanctions over Somali parliament) to the MPs who ousted the ex Speaker Sharif Hassan is a frightening and appalling example of infringement of Somalia’s sovereignty and proves the falsity of the international legitimacy conferred to TFG. In clear terms, Somalia is presently under the direct control of Addis Ababa.
3. Local stability: Means expansion of the Dual Track Policy which expedites Somalia’s fragmentation and conflict for resource and power competition.
4. Counter-Terrorism: Means insecurity, loss of dignity, freedom, death of innocent people in the hunt of terrorists, and deprivation of vulnerable Somalis from foreign remittances incomes and denial of humanitarian assistance in addition to Al Shabab’s cruel bans. Banks have been pressured to stop transfers of money to Somalia for counter-terrorism reasons.
5. Piracy: Means restriction of the Somali territorial water and utilization of marine resources, imposition of Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), continuation of illegal fishing and dumping toxic waste.
6. Humanitarian: Means intensification of the current Somalia’s depopulation by increasing the refugees, the displaced and impoverished population due to the massive military interventions and actions in Somalia.
7. International Coordination: Means increased support for the disintegration, polarization and division of Somalia rather than increased support for Somali driven peace, reconciliation and nation building.
The UK led London Conference on Somalia, which has started with the hope of state building in Somalia but now it recycles the roadmap themes. The plan introduces a new element which is called a Joint Financial Management Board. The High Level Political Committee and the Joint Security Committee established in Djibouti, and the Joint Financial Management Board expected to be established in London will constitute the instruments (institutions) of illegal International Trusteeship Administration on Somalia.
In the context of London Conference, it has been circulated an Italian proposal which advocates a 16 months of UN/AU Trusteeship or what it is called Transitional Administration on Somalia. The Italian proposal has formally documented the total failure of the TFG and international efforts. Theoretically, the proposal is far better than the current situation of TFG’s vassal model or what Prof Afyare Elmi called “stealth trusteeship” on Somalia under disparate actors.
President Mwai Kibaki of Kenya is asking PM Meles Zenawi of Ethiopia to leave the areas liberated by Kenyan forces after massacring Al Shabab and civilians. But PM Meles Zenawi refused and responded by saying, “you don’t know anything. I have been manipulating this country in the past 20 years.” Therefore, PM Meles relaxes on the bleeding Somalia.
The entire situation on Somalia is alarming where on one hand the UK backed Transitional Government seated in Mogadishu is exploiting and misusing the funds collected for Somalia’s welfare where leaders have been found involved in corrupt practices where out of $54 million only one million dollars were spent for welfare while neighbours of Somalia making every possible effort to crush the growing hope of stable and united Somalia where Ethiopia lies at the centre of Somalia’s politics.
While its own people have now been involved into illegal and anti social activities of extremism and have now become the major threat to global shipping by indulging into piracy. With people have no choice to earn their livelihood, with no government to rule and with no serious initiative by international community has left Somalia lying with uncertainties and at the mercy of terrorist which has transformed Somalia into a hub for global terrorism where organizations are finding secure shelters and grounds to work up on their projects of disasters making poor and innocents their target and even their recruits. Its now high time that world should take a note of the situation and invite all the representatives from Somalia irrespective of their agenda, their activities and control including Al Shabab and other organizations and communities not only from Somaliland but also from Puntland in order to come to a common terms and settle on a point of peace and stability for making Somalia and better and prosperous nation ruled by great leaders with accountable system of governance. Ethiopia and other who are creating nuisance along with Transitional government and its leaders must be made accountable and should be dragged in the ICJ.

Syrian Hitler in the making – Bashar al Assad

Since the Arab Spring Uprisings I have been observing the entire phases of the Syrian Revolution which though was started modestly but largely the protests were organized outside Syrian state domain but there was something an incident which will fume the hearts of Syrians with the fire of freedom and the moment came which provoked the greater revolt of the 21st century Arab World in a Tunisian style by Hasan Ali Akleh who set himself on fire by pouring gasoline the same way as Mohamed Bouazizi of Tunisia did on 17 December 2010 who actually laid the foundation of Arab Uprising whereas the later laid the foundation stone for the historic Syrian revolution but why this happen in a country where people love to live in happiness, where even though the state is ruled by Islamic regime but secularism and freedom of religion is guaranteed under constitutional provisions.

However I looked back to the history of Syrian politics and its political sufferings of its citizens under the draconian laws nexus which forced them to stay behind closed doors of the silent streets. This uprising has its roots tracing to the event which would change the scenario of the entire Syrian heartland on 10th June 2000 when former President of Syria Hafez Al Assad passed away who was succeeded by his direct hair apparent Bashar Al Assad.

A bright looking with soft touch President of Syria – Bashar Al Assad used to be man who when took presidential oath in 2000 after his father’s death Hafez Al Assad who ruled Syria for 29 years until his death every Syrian thought that he is the leader who will give them their freedom, their authority to live freely in a democratic and fundamental society, a leader who will raise their lives in from the state of pariah where they will have values to live, where they can practice their rights to stand against the injustice being done from decades under the emergency rule which was imposed on them un-necessarily in 1963 but the eyes of this new wolf of Bashar were betraying the faith of his citizens.

From the date he was elected as the Syrian Premier countless allegations were made against him and his regime. Since the implementation of the emergency state the record of human rights has remain poor throughout which has now worsened and is termed as the worst in the world after 26 January 2011 uprising whose light continues to shine brighter. After the bloodiest of all massacre in Hama by Bashar’s father in 1982 by any Arab regime in modern day Middle East against its own people more than 10 – 40000 people were brutally killed under scorched earth which even today haunts the entire Arab world specifically Syrians.

Though belonged from a Alawite community which is a section of Shia Islam and is minority in the Sunni majority Syria, has been ruling the country now for more than 40 years but there had never been any problem in the lives of people much larger until the holocaust of Hama did not happened then with this incident of horror created the already much widened fault line between the historically divided people of this nation. Who had knew the one day even after that terrified event the land of silence will broke its silence and will raise its head against the monster who would never like to watch anyone taking a mass stand against it.

The protest started on 28 January 2011 in Ar-Raqqah for the killing of two soldiers of Kurdish descent but this will going to shape into a new raging storm hence Day of Rage wall called on February 5th through social networking sites of Facebook and Twitter which played an important role in organizing the entire series of protests across the country. Within no time world smells the flavor of Syrian air all across the globe in front of Syrian embassies which goes for sometime but with no response to receive from the deaf authorities while the developments in the oppositions were on the rise the city of Daraa was preparing to become the centre of first violent spree where over 100,000 people gathered to march against the regime in which at least 20 protestors were killed.

Since then the violence spread throughout the national territory and clashes now has become the daily part of everyone’s lives there. More than 3000 people have been killed so far by the political forces and more than thousands detained for breaching the law and for defaming the government. People in Syria are fighting for their rights since independence but whenever the demand arises it was crushed brutally by force.

The promising decade old leader Bashar too had denied the freedom and liberty to his people for which now he is facing the music playing with the lives lost fighting against him. He is turning no stone unturned to crush the rebellion which has shaken the very foundation of his Baa’th Party. The revolution is now progressing in its eight months of blood bath battling with no means to stand guard against the heavily armed and in control their president who has become an admirer of Adolf Hitler is now walking on his footsteps. Bashar al Assad regime though has always been criticized by the international community but has never been more brutal than ever before as it now.

When the innocent people are being slaughter in Syria by this monster dictator the international community is still enjoying its sleep in the warmth of its comfort. Till now the progress has been slow so far in terms of bringing the Baath regime and its leader the main guilty Bashar Al Assad who has not even forcefully tortured his own people but also have killed them brutally just like a butcher slaughter the speechless innocent animals in the same way he is slaughtering his own people just like anything.

Though International Court of Justice had said about the Syrian regime and its forces of being guilty but nothing till now has been concretize neither diplomatically nor strategically. But in order to break the complexities of Syrian protest killings and come out with any solution one needs to understand the Syria’s strategic importance and its undisrupted relations with Iranian Mullah Regime and terror outfits of Hezbollah and Hamas. Since the Iran’s Islamic revolution Syria has been the closest ally of Iran who had always supported unconditionally in every circumstances whether it was Iraq – Iran war of 1980 and 1988, providing strategic positioning and lobbying for Iranian cause or when USSR tried to isolate Iran from being a powerful neighbor of Afghanistan during Soviet invasion in the bordering country.

In return Iran too has always been supporting the Baath party government with economic and financial aid in large amount, technology, even with cheap oil supplies to Syria at time of embargo. This connection is not only on the basis of support but also on terms of the religious ideology which serves as the bond between the Shiite nexus which spreads from Persian Gulf to Eastern Mediterranean which places Syria in a centered location strategically placed.

Though dominated by the Sunni Muslim population but the Alawite minority which traces its roots to Iran Shiites has been ruling the country from last four decades crushing all the uprisings with a heavily armored fist. This makes the Assad Family the closest allies and aide to not only Iran but also Hezbollah. Bashar who enjoys the leadership position in the Shiite world had very holocaustic ideology against the other factions and sections of not only Syrian community but also the regional one.

Even though the secular state has been guaranteed under the adopted constitution but it’s only for the name sake which never has seen the reality where people who are Kurd, Sunnis, Catholics and Jews continue to face the discriminatory use of forces against them by the their so called leader Bashar Al Assad who had used and applied everything possible to crush the opposition voices.

With the help of Iran he had now procured the technology to monitor the communication of the people by tracing the mobile messaging, calls, internet and other communication network through highly sophisticated and electronic and cyber control system which has been recently introduced to control and monitor the revolt and break down the protests spreading like a wild fire in all the corners.

Technology is not the only way this butcher president through which he is able to closely monitor and trace the progress of this rebellion but also through illegal arms supplies from the Lebanese black markets where since the outbreak of Arab Spring uprisings the prices are going sky rocketing with the increase in demand along with the uninterrupted indirect supplies of advance ammunition from Iran helping Bashar to curb the all kinds of protests and voices raising their head against him and fortunately he is able to hold his position more stronger than before making him to successfully destroy every hurdle coming in his way of his political empire.

Apart from these indirect and direct support from friendly countries he has also followed his own measures of enforcement which he applied by cutting electricity and water supplies first in the unrest areas like Homs, Daraa and many other cities where even the food / ration supplies have also been stopped has changed the prosperous and flourishing settlements into a famine like situation where people not only dying from bullets but also from hunger and utilities shortage. The leader must be the savior not the killer but this hungry and thirsty beast has left no stone unturned to snatch away the lives of those who wanted a live in democratic free environment.

Nevertheless the story for his success which looks so simple is not so simple his forces and militants though have been able to control the revolution but the there is someone who has been sending his forces to support this devil to fight against the opposition and that supplier of the hidden army is Iran who has been accused several times for sending the direct forces of revolutionary guards well trained enough to handle these crisis and to save his best ally from the toppling of the Baath party government.

The uprising is not only for the freedom or liberty of their denied rights but between the two different ideologies which lives in the Muslim of world. This is all being done in order to tap the resources for their personal exchequer and challenge the very autonomy of other Arab states in the if Syria is gone from the hands of Iran the whole existence of the Iran regime and its diplomacy will be thrown away into the darkness of isolation. The existence of Bashar indirectly helps Iranian regime to play its strategic games in the region which provides it the safe gateway to both the extreme regimes of this volatile and unstable region.

So, in order to tackle the mess of this Assad rule then the world have to bring down Iran first who has created the whole mess in the friendly world of Middle East by aiding terrorism, supporting extreme regimes like of Syrian Baath Party Government under the control of those who just have the fascist ideology to live with and carry on to other regions. Hundreds and thousands of people have lost their lives under the rule of the Assad family and their Dictatorship which have no space for freedom, liberty, fundamentals of the human rights, peace and love.

This regime only knows to kill people, torture them hard, suppressing them brutally; being the leader of the masses doesn’t that everybody must be treated like slave. The cruelty of the Hafez’s rule and atrocities of Bashar’s governance has not only spread the discrimination but also the terrorism across already unstable Middle East. If the governments of the world along with UN are serious to bring stability and democracy in the lives of innocent people there then they have to bring down the Bashar Al Assad’s regime by all means possible and should work towards bring the normalcy through democratic process and under the more liberal constitutional framework.

Imposing the sanctions of the hostile regimes will not solve the crisis as it has already proven that even though after sanctions Bashar’s regime was successful in holding its position and surviving strongly on the basis of various parallel illegal channels which are out of bounds under the lose global monitoring system but through proper negotiations and bringing the culprits like Bashar and his armed personnel to trail in the International court of justice in Hague and sending them to life term imprisonment or hang them until dead.

World must take strong action against this Syrian Hitler before it’s too late to take any action if world is serious in bringing the region and the globe to a normalcy. As the land of silence has now become the raging storm so the global community should also break its silence stand united against these vampire of this modern world sucking the blood of his own people.

 

Dictators of Africa – Part 1

Gamal Abdel Nasser – Egypt – 1954–1970

Prime Minister of Egypt 1954-1962; President of Egypt 1956-1970. Part of a group of officers in control of Egypt after the coup against British supported King Farouk in 1952; In February 1954, Egyptian Statesman. A graduate of the Royal Military Academy, Gamal Abdel Nasser first rose to prominence as an officer in the first Arab-Israeli war, where he gained recognition for holding out for three weeks in 1948 while his battalion was surrounded in what came to be known as the “Faluja Pocket”. Nasser forced President Muhammad Naguib to appoint him prime minister and give up most practical power to him; later in that year Naguib resigned and Nasser became president by self-appointment; elected by popular vote (as only candidate) in 1956, and subsequently. Many personalistic elements to Nasser’s rule, but nominal parliamentary system under Nasser’s 1956-1970 presidency until his death in 1970.

Ahmed Sékou Touré – Guinea – 1958–1984

President of Guinea. Widely described as a dictator with estimates of up to 50,000 extrajudicial killings during his rule and 250,000 Guineans fleeing his rule.

David Dacko – Central African Republic – 1960–1966, 1979–1981

President of the Central African Republic. Banned opposition; Gained power by coup in 1979, though subsequently stood for election

Modibo Keita – Mali – 1960–1968

Schoolteacher and first president of Mali. Forced socialization and extensive protectionism severely harmed the economy and continued the country’s dependence on aid donors. Discontent with these policies led Keita to implement his own “Cultural Revolution” and establish a network of people’s militias to inform on and punish dissent. In the last few years of his presidency, full powers were vested in an extralegal “National Committee for Defense of the Revolution”. He was deposed in a military coup.

François Tombalbaye – Chad – 1960–1975

Head of State 1960-1962; President of Chad 1962-1975. Never fought a contested election; imprisoned opposition leaders. Launched a “Cultural Revolution” in the early 1970s encouraging authenticité.

Moktar Ould Daddah – Mauritania – 1960–1978

President of Mauritania 1960-1978. Elected President upon independence from France; merged four largest parties into Mauritanian People’s Party, which he made the sole legal party; changed constitution in 1964 to make one party state with authoritarian Presidency; re-elected uncontested three times (1966, 1971 and 1976); overthrown by military in 1978 due to dissatisfaction with the War in Western Sahara.

 

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