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Anna Hazare: The Man Who Changed Indian History

73 year old Anna Hazare who has reconstructed the present era of the country with his revolution against corruption in the country, has shown to the world that if your motive is true, you can garner the support of an entire country including the young and the children. The revolution that started from a simple ground in central Delhi, the entire world became captive of this man’s fast unto death movement. This movement witnessed the participation of more than a million followers and got support from all sections of the society.
A Gandhian in body, mind and spirit suddenly became the face of India’s fight against corruption. A country which was tired of rhetoric and corruption which has percolated to its deepest lanes suddenly woke up to the revolution against corruption which was started by Anna. The teaming millions chanting the slogan of ‘I am Anna’ largely came together with the help of a very effective social media campaign, headed by Arvind Kejriwal, Kiran Bedi and Prashant Bhushan aptly known as the ‘Team Anna’.
Hazare, a former army man, began his social activism from Ralegan Siddhi, a village in Ahmednagar district in Maharashtra, where he successfully led a movement against alcoholism and made Ralegan Siddhi a model village. Hazare’s campaign was instrumental in the implementation of the Right to Information Act in Maharashtra, which is considered one of the best RTI Acts in the country.
It is surprising that an enlightened man like Anna once wanted to kill himself as he was not able to find a purpose in his life and was feeling utterly hopeless. It is said that one day at New Delhi Railway Station, he found a book on Swami Vivekananda. He concluded that the motive of his life lay in service to his fellow men.
Anna Hazare not only found a supporter in the common man but even the celebrities, socialites, and political circle as well. However, this is not a new battle for him. He has fought many battles while being in the country’s army. It seems that the man has the combination of Subhash Chandra Bose’s fiery temperament and the political mind of Mohan Das Karam Chand Gandhi which no government can handle.
After taking voluntary retirement from Army, he returned to his native village only to find the farmers back home struggling for survival. He started rainwater conservation that put his little hamlet on the international map. drop two corrupt Cabinet Ministers. In 2003, he forced the Congress-
In the year 1995-96, he also forced the Sena-BJP government in Maharashtra to drop two corrupt ministers from the cabinet. In 2003, he also forced the Congress-Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) state government to set up an investigation against four ministers. In April this year, four days of fasting brought thousands of people out in support of his crusade against corruption. They also made the government realise it could not be dismissive about Anna Hazare and his mass appeal.
His relationship with the UPA government has been strained to say the least from very start. The truce of April was short-lived. An exercise to set up a joint committee made up of equal numbers of Government representatives and civil society activists, including Anna Hazare came to naught when the two sides failed to agree and drafted two different Lok Pal Bills. The government has brought its version in Parliament and Team Anna was livid.
Team Anna needs to realized, that it is against a mighty democracy run by some most corrupt and shrewd mind is in the world. It needs to make its moves very strategically. The govt. not only delayed the bringing of the bill but also, finally succeeded in not passing it in the winter session of the parliament.
While the govt. failed to pass the anti-corruption bill in the parliament, it failed the promised given to Anna and the people of the country, the movement itself has not died. It will rise once again, like phoenix from the ashes, despite Anna’s ill health and the confusion team Anna is facing. They will find victory coz now India’s has had enough, and India will be grateful to the man who brought this change.

 

Sufism-Part 4 (Hazrat Baba Fareed r.a)

Hazrat Baba Fariduddin Ganj-e-Shakar r.a. was born on the 29th Sha’ban in 569 A.H. [April 4, 1179 C.E.] in Khotwal, a village near Lahore [Pakistan]. He was a direct descendant of Hazrat Umar Farooq r.a., the second Caliph of Islam.
It is narrated that a miracle occurred before his birth proving his Saintship. One day, during the pregnancy of his mother, she wanted to pluck some plums from her neighbour’s tree without his permission, but the child in her womb (Hazrat Baba Farid) created a severe pain in her stomach that forced her to abandon the idea of plucking. After a few years after Hazrat Baba Farid’s r.a. birth, his mother lovingly expressed: “My dear son, during your confinement I never ate anything which was unlawful.” Hazrat Baba Farid r.a., however, smiled and said, “But, my dear mother, you wanted to pluck some plums from our neighbour’s tree without his permission when I had created a severe pain in your stomach which saved you from this unlawful act.”

Education: After he had completed his early religious education at the age of 7 in Khotwal, his mother sent him for higher education to Multan. Here he stayed in a masjid [mosque] where he learnt the Holy Qur’an by heart and studied Hadith, Fiqh, Philosophy and Logic under the tutorship of Maulana Minhajuddin. During his studies, Hazrat Khwaja Qutbuddin Baktiar Kaki r.a. of Delhi visited Multan where Hazrat Baba Farid r.a. became his Murid (disciple) in the Chishtiyya Silsila. Upon the instructions of his Pir-o-Murshid, he undertook a tour of Islamic countries, for about 18 years from 593 A.H. to 611 A.H. [1196 C.E. to 1214 C.E.] he travelled to Ghazni, Baghdad Sharif, Jerusalem, Afghanistan, Syria, Iran, Mecca and Medina meeting many great saints and Sufis. After the demise of Hazrat Khwaja Qutbuddin r.a. the mantle of spiritual leadership in the Chishtiyya Silsila fell on the shoulders of Hazrat Baba Farid r.a. when Khwaja Qutbuddin r.a.nominated him to be his Khalifa or spiritual successor.

Besharat: It is narrated that when Hazrat Baba Farid r.a.visited Medina Sharif he was spiritually commanded by the Holy Prophet s.a.w.s. to visit Baghdad Sharif and meet Hazrat Abdul Wahab, son of Hazrat Ghaus-al-Azam Sheikh Abdul Qadir Gilani r.a. He was to receive some sacred relics from him. Accordingly, when he reached Baghdad Sharif, he received a box from Hazrat Abdul Wahab r.a. which contained the following holy relics: Two flag-poles which were used by the Holy Prophet s.a.w.s. in some of the battles fought by him; one wooden bowl in which the Prophet s.a.w.s. used to eat from; one pair of scissors and one turban which was used by the holy Prophet s.a.w.s.

Shrine & Chishtiya Mission: Because of political upheavals in Delhi, he was obliged to shift the centre of the Chishtiyya mission from Delhi to Ajodhan now known as “Pak Patan”. The Khanqah of Baba Farid r.a., with his patronage, became a great university of “moral and spiritual training.” Thousands of aspirants, scholars, dervishes and Sufis reaped benefit from this spiritual university. Hazrat Baba Farid r.a. reached the pinnacle of spiritual glory through extremely hard Mujahidas (spiritual striving) to gain mastery over the Nafs.

Death (Purdah): On the 5th of Muharram, during the Isha prayer [evening prayer] ] while in the act of Sajdah, [prostration during prayer] he uttered “Ya Hayo Ya Qayum” [O Self-Subsisting, O Eternal — two names of God] and with these words on his lips his soul disappeared into the eternal bliss of his beloved Allah. Immediately a “Nida” or Divine Voice declared: “Dost ba Dost Pewast” – Friend has merged into the unity of “Friend” (Allah). An old woman that was one of the devotees of the Saint presented a piece of cloth for the kaffan [shroud] of Hazrat Baba Farid r.a.. She implored: “I have not spun even a single thread of this cloth without having Wudu [purification]. I had prepared it for my own coffin but if it is accepted for the kaffan of this great Saint, I feel confident, Allah would be pleased with to pardon my sins and grant me salvation.” Hazrat Baba Farid’s r.a. son accepted this cloth as the Kaffan.

Murids: His Mazar Sharif [noble shrine] is in Pak Patan, Pakistan. Hazrat Sabir Pak, Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya and Hazrat Jamaluddin Hansi rehmatulla alaihim [may Allah have mercy upon them] are among his favourite Murids and Khalifas. It is generally recognized that he had three wives and many children. Hazrat Baba Farid r.a. was indeed one of the most brilliant stars of the Chishtiyya Silsila and is held in high esteem by one and all.

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