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Posts tagged ‘Israel’

Active volcano Steams up the Middle Eastern Politics

A fear is taking over the international communities these days. A fear that Israel may attack Iran anytime soon is not unthinkable given the fact that Iran continues to demonstrate a desire and capability to attain nuclear weapons. Some time back, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu was also heard saying that the country’s patience with this Islamic nation is growing thin and the diplomacy may soon come to an end. He was also quoted as saying that he could summarize the situation which may be there in this region by using two words, instability and uncertainity.

On the other hand, Iran’s take on this issue is that as a signatory of Nuclear non-proliferation treaty and a member of the International Atomic Energy Agency, the country is entitled to develop and acquire nuclear technology for peaceful purposes.
Israel strongly believes that with nuclear power, Iran is going to pose a terrible threat on the Middle East and on the entire world. The United States, Israel and some of their allies have accused Iran of pursuing military objectives in its nuclear program and have used this pretext to enforce international and unilateral sanctions on this Islamic Republic and also to call for a military strike against Tehran.
The United States have imposed new sanctions against Iran aiming at preventing other countries from importing oil from Iran and doing transactions with its central bank. Even European Union foreign ministers also approved sanctions against this country on January 23 that include bans on Iranian oil imports, a freeze on the assets of the country’s Central Bank within the EU states, and a ban on selling grains, diamonds, gold and other precious metals to Iran.
In its bid to pressurize Iran further, Israel has ramped up its war rhetoric over the past few weeks and is threatening Iran with military strikes in case the international sanctions fail to insist Iran in abandoning its nuclear program.
This pressure from Israel is sending alarms to the international community. The US is now asking Israel to postpone the attack on Iran for some time to wait and see whether the existing sanctions work for them or not. What now remains a main concern among the international leaders is that whether the region will have to face a war or not.
According to the experts, if Israel actually attacks on Iran, the kind of effect it will have on Middle Eastern region is unclear. However, whatever the effect be, it is for sure that the region would be highly unstable and may call for a cold war which would implicate the entire Middle East.
There is no doubt that Israel would regard any expansion of nuclear weapons capability within its region as an intolerable threat to its survival. Although, the country is in no hurry to call it a war and would certainly not disrupt its relation with the US. However, if it perceives an immediate threat in the form of Nuclear Iran, it will not think twice before making it a ferocious war that may negatively impact the position of both the countries and may also pose a challenge in front of the world in terms of the oil supplies and also strategically.
It is time that Israel should think and act as the international community wants it to. The Islamic country should definitely be given some more time to rethink and clearly define to the world what its real intention with the nuclear development is.
Who can forget how badly Israel was implicated during the Second World War. A nation which has still not recovered from the aftermath of the Second World War should not come out with such ordeals for someone else. Besides, the country has always been into conflict with its neighbours like Palestine and Iran.
Israel should work for developing peace in the region and not implicate the situation more. It is high time that Israel should stop guarding others and should focus more on its internal matters. Perhaps it will help the nation more in ensuring prosperity.

Religions without Prophets – List of those religions where prophets were not born.

Sikhism: Formed in 15th Century AD as a reaction to the social and religious practices of the time in the Indian subcontinent. The Sikh Gurus (or teachers) have emphasized on recognizing all humans as equal before Waheguru (Guru Nanak), regardless of colour, caste or lineage. The Sikh Gurus did not call themselves as prophets. The emphasis is on a single all pervading God and creating a relationship with him. There is no place for intermediaries. The Sikh holy book is known as the Sri Guru Granth Sahib, Which was compiled by Arjan Dev Singh, added the teachings of 5 Gurus beginning with Guru Nanak Dev Ji and includes passages from both Hindu and Sufi saints.The Sikh Gurus have referred to their compositions as “dhur ki bani” or the word of primal divine source. Place of ritual is Gurudwara Sahib. Major locations of stronghold are States of West Punjab, NWFP in Pakistan & in India East Punjab, Delhi NCR, Uttrakhand, Uttar Pradesh, and Rajasthan. Major places of worship; Golden Temple Amritsar – India, Nanakana Sahib – Pakistan, Ponta Sahib – Punjab, Hem Kund, Nanak Matta – Uttrakhand, Gurudwara Bangla Sahib Delhi – India.

Buddhism: Founded by Prince Siddhartha Gautama of North India in 6th Century BC who was after his enlighten known as Gautama Buddha? Its sacred texts are Pali Canon (Tripitaka), numerous Mahayana sutras written originally in Pali. As per Tibetan Buddhism Monk is the spiritual leader. Buddhism follows the system taught by Buddha. Place of worship is Temple, meditation hall. Main sects in Buddhism are Theravada and Mahayana. Major locations of stronghold are India, China, Japan, Korea, Sri Lanka, South East Asia. Major locations: Sarnath, Gaya, Patna, Twang, Dharamshala, Leh, Laol Spiti, Gangtok – India, Colombo – Sri Lanka, Bangkok – Thailand, Cambodia, Guangzou, Lahsa – China, Bagan – Burma.

Jainism: Jains derive their name from the jinas, spiritual conquerors who have achieved liberation and perfection. Included among these are the 24 spiritual leaders called “ford-makers” or tirthankaras. The last of the tirthankaras was Mahavira (599-527 BC), a contemporary of the Buddha and the man generally considered the founder of Jainism. Jinas are believed to reside in the

top level of heaven, above the realm of the gods. Accordingly, liberated souls are revered more than the gods. Formed in 550 BC, sacred scriptures are the teachings ofMahavira written originally in Sanskrit, major sects are Digambaras (“sky-clad”); Shvetambaras (“white-clad”), monks are the spiritual leader’s place of worship is the temple. Major location is India. Major places of worship are: Palitana, Shankheshwar, Shikharji, Vataman, Mumbai, Mahudi Shri Ghantakarna Vir Temple and Ahmedabad – India.

Taoism: also known as Daoism was founded by Lao – Tze in China in 550 BC, based on the teachings of the Tao Te Ching, a short tract written in the 6th century BC in China. Its emphasis on spiritual harmony within the individual complements; Taoism is also increasingly influential in the West, especially in the fields of alternative medicine and martial arts like Tai Chi. There are two main strands and schools within Taoism, usually labeled “philosophical Taoism” (Tao-chia) and “religious Taoism” (Tao-chaio). Tao Te Ching, Chuang-Tzu is sacred scripture originally written in traditional Chinese. Sage is a spiritual leader in Taoism. House of worship is temple. Major locations are; China, South East Asia.

 

Shintoism: Shinto (also Shintoism) is the term for the indigenous religious beliefs and practices of Japan. Shinto has no founder, no official sacred scriptures, and no fixed creeds, but it has preserved its main beliefs and rituals throughout the ages. The word Shinto, which comes from the Chinese shin tao, meaning “the way of kami“, came into use in order to distinguish indigenous Japanese beliefs from Buddhism, which had been introduced into Japan in the 6th century AD. Shinto has no founder or founding date. When the Japanese people and Japanese culture became aware of themselves, Shinto was already there. Yayoi culture, which originated in the northern area of the island of Kyushu around the 3rd or 2nd century BC, is directly related to later Japanese culture and Shinto. Among the primary Yayoi religious phenomena were agricultural rites and shamanism. Early shamans (miko) performed the ceremonies; eventually those of the Yamato tribe did so; on behalf of the other tribes and their chieftain assumed duties that led to headship of the Shinto state. Texts comprises of Kojiki (Records of Ancient Matters), Nihongi or Nihon shoki (Chronicles of Japan). Major location is Japan. Major places of worship are: Mt. Fuji, Dazaifu Tenmangu, Oyama Shrine, Toshogu Shrine, Tsurugaoka Hachimangu, Fushimi Inari Shrine, Ise Shrines, Izumo Shrine, Atsuta Shrine, Heian Shrine, Meiji Shrine all are in Japan.

Baha’ism: Also popularly known as Bahai Faith was founded in 1844 – 1882 in Iran by the two controversial leaders proclaimed to be the first preacher of Bahai named Bab & Baha ullah, declaring themselves as the prophets of modern world. The laws of the Bahá’í Faith primarily come from the Kitáb-i-Aqdas, written by Baha’u’llah, which is also a main scripture, It is sometimes also referred to as The Aqdas, “the Most Holy Book”, “the Book of Laws” and occasionally the Book of Aqdas, originally written in Arabic & its title in Persian. The Manifestations of God are analogous to divine mirrors which reflect God’s created attributes and thus reveal aspects of God without being incarnations of God’s essence.

It is through these divine educators that humans can approach God, and through them God brings divine revelation and law. Bahá’ís believe that God expresses his will at all times and in manyways, and specifically through a series of divine messengers referred to as Manifestations of God or sometimes divine educators. The supreme seat is based in Israel. Major locations are Israel, Europe, US, India, South East Asia.

Greek Religion: Greek religion is the collection of beliefs and rituals practiced in ancient Greece in the form of both popular public religion and cult practices. Greek people recognized the major gods and goddesses: Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Apollo, Artemis, Aphrodite, Ares, Dionysus, Hephaestus, Athena, Hermes, Demeter, Hestia and Hera though philosophies such as Stoicism and some forms of Platonism. Grreks believes in afterlife or re incarnation. Their sacred texts are Hesiod’s Theogony and Works and Days, Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey and Pindar’s Odes. Major Locations are Greece, Italy, and Cyprus. Major places of worship were: Arcadia.

Pashtunwali – Hebrew Version / פשטוני ואלי – עברית גירסה

פשטוני ואלי הוא לא כתוב דמוקרטית, חברתית פוליטית, תרבות החוק ואת האידיאולוגיה של החברה פשטוני, בירושה אבותיהם ואת הספק על הדור הנוכחי כקוד החוקית והמוסרית הקובע הסדר החברתי והאחריות.

זהו “קוד הכבוד” עתיק השייך פשטוני של אפגניסטן ופקיסטן, לרבות קהילות פשטוני ברחבי העולם. פשטוני לאמץ רוחנית עתיקה המסורתי, ולאחר הזהות הקהילתית קשורה לקבוצה של קודים מוסריים וכללי התנהגות כי הוא גמיש ודינמי, הכולל עקרונות מודרניים ועתיקים.
מערכת זו הצליחה כל הרווחה הפנימית של החברה פשטוני לפני ואחרי האיסלאם. זה יצר ממשלות מקומיות קטנות וגדולות במרכז ודרום אסיה הוא התאמן חברתית על ידי הרוב.

פשטוני ואלי מקדמת כבוד עצמי, עצמאות, צדק,, האירוח אהבה, סליחה, נקמה סובלנות כלפי כל, במיוחד זרים ואורחים. כל אלה הם קודי התנהגות מסייעת לשמור על המחאות חברתית ומוסרית ויתרות בחברה פשטוני. זה נחשב האחריות האישית של כל פשטוני לגלות מחדש לגלות מהות ואלי פשטוני ומשמעות.

במשך 8 המאות “הלאומיות פשטוני הקים ממשלה מרכזית הפוליטית בפעם הראשונה במאה ה -12 ולאחר מכן הוקמה ממשלה מרכזית חזקה באמצע המאה ה -18.
כל קבוצות קטנות וגדולות שבטים אתניים השתתפו הרפורמה ושיפור של הממשל הממשלה ואת היבטיה השונים הכלכלי, החברתי והתרבותי. עם חיזוק הקשרים בין אלו קבוצות אתניות בענייני כלכלית חברתית, הלאומיות פשטוני הפך הלאומיות האפגני.
פשטוני ואלי היא אבן היסוד הראשונה, הלאומנות פשטוני הוא השני ללאומיות אפגניסטן היא השלב השלישי אבולוציונית של מבנה פוליטי.

הקודים הם;

* אמונה – אמון באלוהים (הידועה בשם “אללה”) הרעיון של אמון בבורא אחד.
* טוב מחשבות, מילים טובות, מעשים טובים – פשטוני חייב תמיד לחתור לחשוב מחשבות טובות, אומרת מילים טובות ולעשות מעשים טובים.
* התנהגות – פשטוני צריך להתנהג בכבוד כלפי כל היצירות לרבות אנשים, בעלי חיים ואיכות הסביבה סביבם. זיהום הסביבה ו / או להשמדתה נגד ואלי פשטוני.
* אחדות – מעל שפות הם דוברים, מעל הדם הם שומרים, מעל סכום הכסף שהם עושים, ואלי פשטוני המאחד את פשטוני כאחד האנשים ברחבי העולם. איפה יש אחדות אמיתית, כל מאמץ כדי disunite מהם ישמש אך ורק כדי לחזק את האחדות להם. מה קורה אחד – קורה לכל.
* שוויון – כל אדם הוא שווה. כל גבר רוצה לומר בעתיד שלו והוא יילחם על זכותו להיות דעותיו שמע. כל האנשים חייבים אפוא להתמודד אחד עם השני, בנימוס את הכבוד הנכון או ואיש לא יכול לכפות את רצונם על מנת אחרת.
* האירוח המקדש – להיות מסבירי פנים לכולם, במיוחד לאורחים, אפילו עוינת ביותר של אויבים עשויים (אם ביקש) יסופק, מקלט מקלט או הגנה כמו גם מזון וסיוע אחר.
* המשפטים סליחה – אם אחד במכוון עוולות אחרת, הקורבן יש זכות, אפילו חובה, כדי לנקום את העוול ביחס שווה. אם אחד יש לו עוול בכוונה, ואתה לא מחפשים צדק ולא העושה בסדר לבקש ממך סליחה שלו / שלה, ואז חוב, הוא חייב לך ע”י אותו / אותה, אשר יכול להיות רק מילא פעם אחת צדק (דרך מעשה נקמה או את ההחלטה של מועצת הג ‘ירגה) סופקה פיצוי על העוול שנעשה.
* האחים ואמון – האמונה כי הבחור אחים או אחיות פשטוני צריך להיות מהימן וסייע ככל האפשר.
* כבוד – פשטוני חייב לשמור על עצמאותם ועל כבוד האדם. כבוד יש חשיבות רבה בחברה פשטוני וחשוב מאוד לשמר כבוד של אחד או גאווה.
כבוד עצמי * – אנשים חייבים לכבד את עצמם ואחרים על מנת להיות מסוגלים לעשות זאת, במיוחד אלה שהם לא יודעים. כבוד מתחיל בבית, בין בני משפחה וקרובים.
* חמלה ושיתוף פעולה – העניים, החלשים, ואת תיגר חייב להיות נתמך. הכללה חייב להיות העדיף הדרה. כדי להתגונן מפני קבוצות עריצות, פאשיזם overzealous ו לעבוד חכם הראשון וקשה מכן.
* משפחה – המשפחה חייב להיות מהולל תחת הרשעה המקודש של האחריות והחובה ביחס לנשים, בנות, זקנים, הורים, בנים, בעליהן.
* אנחנו משפחה אחת – עמית פשטוני חייב להיות מטופל. אולי יש מאות שבטים, אבל יש להם אחד הגורל באיגוד אחד עם השני.
* הידע – פשטוני לחפש ידע אובייקטיבי בחיים, אומנות, מדע, תרבות, אשר נחשבים פירות שניתנו על ידי אלוהים.
* היסטוריה פשטוני – ערך רב מושם פשטוני, טרגדיות בהיסטוריה ניצחונות. זה מלמד פשטוני “לשמור על ראש פתוח, כדי להמשיך את החיפוש אחר האמת, הרבה מהם נעלם תחת ההיסטוריה עצמה”.
* להלחם הרשע – הרשע נמצאת במלחמה מתמדת עם טוב. הרע חייב להיות לחם טוב חייב לגבור על הרע. זוהי חובה פשטוני להילחם הרע כאשר הוא / היא מגיע פנים אל פנים עם זה.
* יושר יעוד – פשטוני ידועה קיום הבטחות שלהם להיות כנים בכל המצבים פעמים. פשטוני אמיתי לעולם לא להפר את ההבטחה שלהם.
* אירוח-פשטוני להתייחס לכל האורחים אנשים נכנסים לבתים שלהם עם כבוד רב ותמיד ללכת על ידי אחד אומר.

Pharaoh of Modern Egypt-Hosni Mubarak

Muhammad Hosni Sayyid Mubarak محمد حسني سيد مبارك‎,

Introduction

Born May 4, 1928 is the fourth and former President of the Arab Republic of Egypt.

He was appointed Vice President in 1975, and assumed the Presidency on October 14, 1981, following the assassination of President Anwar El Sadat. He is the longest-serving Egyptian ruler since Muhammad. Before he entered politics Mubarak was a career officer in the Egyptian Air Force, serving as its commander from 1972 to 1975. Beginning on January 25, 2011, a popular uprising called for his resignation as president of Egypt. On February 1, 2011, Mubarak announced that he will not seek another term in the upcoming presidential election.

On February 5, 2011 Egyptian state media reported that senior members of the ruling National Democratic Party, including President Hosni Mubarak, had resigned from leadership roles within the party. It was later clarified that Mubarak would stay on as president however.

Military Ref

In November 1967 Mubarak became the Air Force Academy’s commander and two years later he became Chief of Staff for the Egyptian Air Force. As chief of staff of the Egyptian Air Force in 1971, he bluffed his Soviet air force advisers into a humiliating defeat. It was during the 1969-71 War of Attrition that followed Egypt‘s total defeat in the 1967 Six Day War. About 18,000 Soviet military advisers were in Egypt, courtesy of Gamal Abdel Nasser. His military career reached its pinnacle in 1972 when he became Commander of the Air Force and Egyptian Deputy Minister of Defence and the following year he was promoted to air chief marshal in recognition of service during the October War of 1973. Estimates of the wealth of Mubarak and his family range from US$40 billion to $70 billion as per military contracts while Mubarak was an Air Force officer.

Assassination attempts

According to the BBC, Mubarak has survived six assassination attempts. In June 1995 there was an alleged assassination attempt involving noxious gases and Egyptian Islamic Jihad while he was in Ethiopia for a conference of the Organization of African Unity. He was also reportedly injured by a knife-wielding assailant in Port Said in September 1999.

Stance on the invasion of Iraq in 2003

President Mubarak spoke out against the 2003 war on Iraq, arguing that the Israeli-Palestinian conflict should be resolved first. He also claimed that the war would cause “100 Bin Laden s’. However, President Mubarak does not support an immediate US pull out from Iraq as he believes it will lead to probable chaos.

Awards

Mubarak was awarded the Jawaharlal Nehru Award in 1995. Mubarak was honored for his “unique role in providing stability and progress to his country, in upholding the Arab cause, in promoting peace and understanding in the region.

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