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Posts tagged ‘Maummar Gaddafi’

End of Dictatorship – Crossroad of extremism

Flipping to the pages of history, I found the un-predictable nature of political transformations which gave way to new forms of governance while ridding away from the age old tribal and monarchy rules but something is about to change the scenario, a scenario where even being an un-official figure one will rule the nation and take the world on ride; in a hot summer months when the life in Sahara becomes the worst in terms of survival one June a child was born in 1942 in burning sands of vast spread rural heartlands of Qasr Abu Hadi near the town of Sirte in a Bedouin tent.

The world earlier was divided on the grounds of territory but with the introduction of the authoritarian dictatorships which have ruled the corners of globe on the base of its distinct and conflicting ideologies. These concepts of think-tank governing divided the world into the pieces of play cards where the forces were got involved in the tussle to decide which donkey will rule the world and lead his people.

The world wars which were fought telling the stories of capitalism and fascism or communism were actually fought to establish once own concept of ideologies which haunted the world for over a century making the world a hotbed of extremism which unveil its first form, a form, a purity of rule of thumb, a definition of authority named as dictator and his political form a ship which when combines becomes a dictatorship it has numerous sub forms varying on the points of perceptions ranging from Fascism, Nazism, Leninism, Stalinism, Maoism, Military or Junta, absolute monarchy (traditional form), Religious governments, communism, warlords’ and tribal leaderships (traditional form).

Even though many part with this totalitarianism whereas majority wants the democratic freedom to be theirs, after the end of World War II many countries witnessed the drastic revolutions which not only changed their lives but also put the entire regulatory system to suppress the freedom of every ones lives.

A land of deserts and dying souls which never have ever thought that it would become the sunshine of ideology to the world where the rule of some of the authoritarian will took its shape, a shape which no-one would or could ever imagined about. It was hidden silence of Suez crisis which gave rise to a person who not only transforms the nature of entire governance but also the perceptions about rule of the masses and the name of that person was ‘Late Col Muammar Muhammad Abu Minyar al-Gaddafi’ or simply ‘Gaddafi’ which the world has known to call him always.

This was the person who abolished the Libyan monarchy in a bloodless coup and formed a new constitution in 1969 bringing the divided tribal Libyan heartland under the fold and dominion of one flag and one nation governance. This was the time when people of different races and cultures see him as a liberator, as hero, as their true committed brotherly leader but destiny was busy in writing something unexpected which one day will shake the world and its tyrant leaders ruling in the close Libyan neighborhoods.

Gaddafi during his rule was known for his flamboyant dresses and lifestyle which were backed and guarded by his brigade of female bodyguards who have always been the uncompromised security delegation travelling lavishly protecting their leaders back from hawking eyes.

Even though he taken the country on ride of development and prosperity for all under the new unique system of Jamahiriya or ruled by the masses as he popularly famed it was just a false carpet which covers the hidden truth behind the madness and inhumanity of this brotherly leader who was not so brotherly to his own people, having ruled for forty two years Gaddafi personally ordered and executed many smiling and rebellion souls whom he thought to be a threat to his political survival or could challenge his authority. But who had predicted the outcome which his destiny had planned for him for his deeds which stole the lives of hundreds and thousands of innocents died mercilessly for their wish to live in freedom and liberty of being democratic.

One of the initial examples of mercilessness is the killing of students and participating teachers in protests organized in ‘Benghazi’s Engineering College in the warm April of 1977’ whose participant bodies were hanged on the street lights after being executed for the exhibition so that people should learn about his power and the result if they try to raise their heads against him.

However it is true always to say that the ball never lies in one court, it sometimes fall in one while sometime it rolls in others and the moment came on when his colleagues and friendly allies faced the wrath of spring uprisings which shook the whole world by surprise igniting its flame from Tunisia while making the Egyptian dictator abandon his crown forcing him to flee whereas ultimately hitting hard at Gaddafi’s tented doors on 15 February 2011 making it the worst in the series of ‘Arab Spring’.

A small unarmed rebellion which rose by surprise in the silent corners of Benghazi was the beginning of the end of Gaddafi era which in no time spread like a wild fire across the country and drag the whole world’s attention towards its cause and cries overshadowing the other’s revolting against in the near quarters while buying the time for the self styled dictators like “Bashar al Assad of Syria, Ali Abdullah Saleh of Yemen, Sultan Quboos of Oman, King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa of Bahrain” and “many regimes like of Jordan, Mauritania, Western Sahara, Palestinian clashes near Israeli border, Iraq, Kuwait, Sudan, Morocco and even a slight silent hidden protests in UAE and Saudi Arabia” where the eyes of all international media was wide shut and divert their cameras towards the killing spree and cut throat war between the pro Gaddafi forces and the newly recognized NTC rebel forces backed by the mean stealth power of NATO strike forces.

The heavy handed dealing by their leader results in the outburst of rage which created the shock and awe situation in the entire global community. These were the moments when the rule of fist episodes was being written in the unfinished chapters of the ‘Green Book’. The shine of his legacy was started to fade away from the sands of his nativity for which he was honored as ‘King of Kings’.

But the brutality of the actual reality revealed the true colors of the Gaddafi supporters and of him as well which took the lives of more than 200,000 souls who brave hearted the struggle against him and his suppression. Many are said to be still missing and many have become the part of this deadly victory. Which clean sweep the well trained force and their leader finally on October 20th 2011 when the so called ‘king of kings’ was struck by the air raid on his convoy running for his life like a mad dog and finally hidden like a rat in a drainage pipes in the deserted city of his hometown Sirte the last arena of his power base falling in the hands of those whom he called once with the same names and now was lying and acting in the same manner.

Lesson for the World Dictators and the violation of human rights by rebels:

What shocked the world and even the entire partly recognized ‘National Transitional Council’ that the treatment which Gaddafi received at the hands of rebels was truly not deserving and unpredictable. Though it was understood that the storm of rage was building up in the minds’ and hearts’ of a common public which rose against and ended the dictator and his regime but the treatment which they gave in the final moments of Col Gaddafi was totally inhuman and unforgiving. The culprits cannot be forgiven and their reasons cannot be justified on any grounds and at all costs for their cruelty and the violations of the human rights protected under ‘Geneva Convention’.

Even though he has done countless atrocities and curbed the raising voices through the iron fist but he too is a human being and no matter how he has been but no religion, no book of law, no culture says that you treat the human or even a devil like this. He must had given a chance to defend himself under the fair trail procedures whereas when he was killed by the rebels his body must be buried and given proper burial rites but instead of doing this they not only killed him while taking him into custody and reporting to the concerned authority but they took his body to Misurata where they kept it in a unhygienic meat freezer for four days making the whole body into a smelling carcass, taking pictures and allowing public to rid of its fear by putting it on national exhibition nevertheless doing the same with his son Mutassim Al Islam as well.

But all an all it is also the lesson to those ones like ‘Syria’s Bashar al Assad’ to stop killing and suppressing his own people and take a step forward towards democracy and freedom to the public not to the government. These leaders should now learn that this is what happens if your collar will fall in hands of the common man whom you have crushed, tortured, suppress with your iron fist and even killed them mercilessly without caring about their cries and pain they were living into and are going through.

The passion and the real pleasure is not in the power of your luxury which these dictators want but serving your people with honesty, providing them with opportunities, raising their level of liberty and freedom of fundamental rights without any un-necessary regulations on them.

Now what for Libya when Gaddafi has gone forever?   

Now since the 42 years old authority gone the question arises what will now happen to the Libyan dream the rebels who fought and those who guided as the support in the war against the pro Gaddafi forces and their dictator, must take the responsibility to form the political system under a democratic format and encourage the youth and those who didn’t served under Gaddafi regime on any of the political positions or in any government departments. The council must represent the sections of all the tribes and communities which form the Libyan nation at large. However before deciding what to do? the international community should help and support the NTC and its leaders to establish the normalcy and national stability in Libya.

Though NATO’s role has ended after Gaddafi’s death but it should take the new responsibility to un-armed the rebels and the general population whom he supplied with the weapons taking into considerations of the National Transitional Council. Otherwise if this not be done and left un-addressed Libya will become the another example similar to Afghanistan where the CIA had armed the Mujahedeen to fight against Soviet Occupancy which started its supplies to armed the public there in 1979 and now the situation is known to everyone that CIA left the Afghan people heavily armed which has transformed not only their country into a banana republic ruled by warlords and mafias without any strong constitutional governance but also the neighboring Pakistan too.

As during the withdrawal of Russian troops from there the local public and the political leaders turned the once peaceful united country into war zone making it the one of the worst civil wars in the human history from the period of 1990 till 1996 under the President ship of Burhanuddin Rabbani and then carried forward by the extremist Taliban who ruled Afghanistan as de-facto rulers turning world into a living hell from then on and now it is a fresh mistake done by the same old culprit who is used to do mistakes all the time earlier it was CIA and now NATO. So, this time West and the US should not left this menace unaddressed otherwise Libyans will turn the globe into rotting flesh where only smells of dead will come and nothing will survive in peace.

Taking the toll not only on their local people but also posing a constant threat to the global peace giving rise to a whole new form of extremism or in other words the orthodox fundamentalist society and system, the US and its allies must learn from their mistake and if they are serious they should not repeat the same in Libya.

UNO must intervene and should pass a resolution which would give responsibility to all the five permanent members specifically France, the UK and the US who not only illegally armed the general public and transformed them into a mean fighting rebels but also equally responsible for the human rights violations committed by them during the war which took numerous civilian lives and unaccounted number of infrastructural damages caused by the ill planned and haphazard way of strike launching and target hitting.

NATO and NTC rebels who killed Gaddafi, who gone on rampage and on looting drive along with the Gaddafi’s surviving family members must be brought to trial under the International Court of Justice and should be made responsible and penalized for their acts and violations carried out in the Libyan civil war.

Even though NATO has declared end to its mission but the actual mission starts now after the end of dictatorship when Libyans face the world nothing in their hands, where there is no formal government, no coordination among the various tribal communities but only a vacuum which they need to fill it up quickly.

End of dictatorship pose the new series of challenges which the newly liberated people of Libya will face and are now has started to face already. The world must come together and unite in an effort to support and help Libyan people in the road to developing their nation as vibrant united democratic nation with due respect and freedom to their fundamental rights.

Otherwise the day is not far that when within a few days of time the new breed of extremists / fundamentalist will rise and grow posing the very danger to the international stability and watering the efforts and sacrifices made by those who dreamt and fought with their lives in hands to get the shine of liberated nation and to establish a true democracy.

Gaddafi claims he is fighting terrorism

Muammar Gaddafi’s forces have recaptured the important coastal towns and Zawiyah Misrata from insurgents, according to state television in the country.

Government forces have said the messages also recaptured the oil city of Ras Lanuf, and was in the morning on the way to the country’s second largest city, Benghazi. The messages are not confirmed from other sources.

Benghazi has been the center of the insurgency against Muammar Gaddafi’s 41 year old regime in the past two weeks. Eyewitnesses reported the heavy shooting in the city of Tripoli on Sunday morning, but it was unclear who was behind the shooting. At the same time drove Gaddafi supporters around honking cars in the Libyan capital.

“I can assure you that there is no ongoing fighting in Tripoli,” said a spokesman for Gaddafi’s regime.

Gaddafi himself asks in an interview the UN or the African Union investigate the riots in the country. “I want a commission of inquiry from the UN or the African Union come to Libya. They should be allowed to work freely without our intervention,” the Libyan leader said, in an interview with French magazine Le Journal du Dimanche.

Gaddafi, who has ruled the country since 1969, can not understand why the outside world not watching the events in Libya with the same eyes that he himself, and he calls for Western support instead of condemnation. “I am surprised that no one understands that this is a fight against terrorism,” he said in the interview.

“Security Services our work. We have helped you a lot in recent years. So why do we get no help back, now when we fight terrorism in Libya,” he said.

British soldiers

London newspaper The Sunday Times writes that the rebels in Libya has taken a group of British commandos captured.

The eight soldiers belonging to the British SAS and special forces escorting a British diplomat when they were captured. The Diplomat was sent to eastern Libya to meet the rebels, but something went wrong. Libyan sources said told the newspaper that the eight soldiers were taken to the rebel-controlled city of Benghazi for questioning.

The British soldiers’ presence must have upset leading Libyan dissidents, who ordered them locked up in a military camp. The rebels fear that Libya’s longtime leader Muammar Gaddafi will use the soldiers’ presence as evidence of a Western intervention in the country and use this to gather support among the people.

The soldiers escorted the British diplomat, should have been sent to the area to facilitate a more high-level visits as part of Britain’s plan to give the rebels diplomatic recognition.

Sunday

In Tripoli, residents woke up to the deafening gunshots Sunday morning. The authorities denied that there was fighting in the city, however, was shot volleys meant as celebration. Gaddafi’s forces had retaken several towns rebellion, was notification.

“I assure you, I assure you. There is no fighting in Tripoli. Everything is safe. Tripoli is 100% under control. What you hear is fireworks. People dancing in the streets, dancing in the square,” said government spokesman Ibrahim Mussa told Reuters.

At the same time says a rebel leader told Reuters that more rebels are on the way to Gaddafi’s hometown of Sirte, about 500 kilometers from Tripoli. He said fighter jets have launched attacks on rebels.

The major fighting took place Saturday in Zawiyah, where it is reported that at least 30 people were killed. Fighting in the city was intense, “says a contact in the British newspaper the Observer.

“You must tell the world what is happening. Sniper shoots at anything that moves, “a doctor said to Washington Post calling the attack a massacre. “They shoot civilians. They attack us from all sides,” he said.

 

World News Headlines of March 5

Libyan fighting could be ‘sustained conflict’

Washington (CNN) — Anti-Gadhafi fighters appear to have the resources to carry on the fight against the Libyan government for some time, according to a U.S. official. “This could be a sustained conflict,” said the official, but acknowledged this was a fluid situation. When asked if the conflict in Libya was now becoming a civil war, the official,…

China’s Wen delivers “State of the Union”

BEIJING, March 5 (Reuters) – Premier Wen Jiabao delivers China’s version of a “State of Union” address on Saturday. In a prepared text of his speech to the annual parliament session, Wen said that fighting inflation was the government’s top priority and warned about the impact of loose monetary policies in wealthy economies. (For a full story,…

Fury at funeral of Pakistan’s assassinated minister

By M Ilyas Khan BBC News, Khushpur The atmosphere at the funeral of Shahbaz Bhatti, in his predominantly Christian home village, was one of anger and pain Continue reading the main story Related Stories Motives behind Bhatti’s murder Q&A: Pakistan’s controversial blasphemy laws Blasphemy reformer death threats Shahbaz Bhatti’s funeral was not the…

Fighting on in Libya’s oil heartland

Atul Aneja Protests in Tripoli after Friday prayers…

Egypt’s military appoints new PM after Mubarak ally quits

Compiled by Daily Star staff Friday, March 04, 2011 – Powered by –> Egypt’s Prime Minister Ahmad Shafiq resigned Thursday and the military asked a former transport minister to form a new government which pro-democracy activists want to be purged of Hosni Mubarak’s old guard. The opposition hailed the decision as another victory for…

New Iraq protests draw thousands amid tight security

Demonstrators calling for better public services and government take to the streets across Iraq despite beefed-up security forces, curfews and bans on vehicle movement. The protests are far less bloody than earlier demonstrations that erupted into violence. Share Related Stories By Alice Fordham and Raheem Salman, Los Angeles Times…

Libya clashes widen, unrest erupts in Tripoli

TRIPOLI – Forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi widened attacks on rebel-held areas in an escalation of Libya’s crisis on Friday and unrest spread to the capital when gunmen opened fire to break up dissident protests. Eastern-based rebels pressed home their push to the west with an attack on the oil town of Ras Lanuf, claiming to have taken its airport….

Ivory Coast: parts of Abidjan resemble war zone – UN

Ivory Coast crisis Eyewitness: ‘We were slaughtered’ Life on hold Rebel capital: ‘Running for water’ Q&A: Ivory Coast election crisis Parts of Ivory Coast’s main city of Abidjan resemble a “war zone”, the UN refugee agency head in the West African nation, Jacques Franquin, told the BBC….

Yemen Protesters Claim Attack By Army forces

North Yemen Shi’ite rebels claim military forces fired rockets at their anti-government protest killing two people and wounding seven. A rebel at the scene is reported to have said: “A military site bombed a number of protesters and struck dozens”. More to follow… Political unrest continues across the Middle East with demonstrations expected in…

Analysis: Obama refines talk of Libya intervention

The Obama administration has spoken with two voices on Libya. On the one hand Secretary of State Hillary Clinton has repeatedly said that “nothing is off the table so long as the Libyan Government continues to threaten and kill Libyans.” That talk has been amplified by calls from the Senate Foreign Relations chairman John Kerry and Senators Joe…

Latest World News

 

Crisis of Democracy – Libya

The security forces of the two cities Benghazi and Dern has fled according to eyewitnesses on Friday night even though the information is impossible to verify because the countries strict control of media and communication. The rumors are many and twitter is flowing over with reports that the rebels have taken over control of the border with Egypt and that two of Gaddafi’s sons have fled the country. Also the lack of foreign and independent journalists in the country makes it hard to know what is true and what is not. According to a news agency AFP based on various local sources, a total of 84 people have been killed.

Even though people were protesting peacefully, according to HRW, security forces killed 20 people in Benghazi, 23 in Baida, three in Ajdabiya, and three in Derna in a matter of days. In addition, 35 people were killed in Benghazi on Friday, nearly all with live ammunition.

Demonstrators protesting against the government is also said to have killed two policemen in Al-Bayda by first being captured and then hanged. The situation is escalating and it is also said that Gaddafi released many prisoners from prison as they were paid and armed with knives and machetes to attack the protesters. It is a “lynching situation” going on as the police executes most of the demonstrators with bullets to the head as well according to reports from hospitals.

In many places the electricity has been shut down and many internet sites blocked as well.

The regime of Muammar Gaddafi is said to be behind the massacres, according to The Guardian, which reported that it also imposed a news blackout, similar to Iran’s crackdown on journalists in 2009.

The last few days have represented an unprecedented challenge to the 41-year rule of Gaddafi, the New York Times reported, in part inspired by the Egypt revolution.

Arab World Unrest – Crisis of Democracy

The bells of Democracy has rang where the Power prevails,

Now our Blood wants the peace,

We live in a world where souls want the shine.

We have now risen to a dawn of democracy

Where the bright freedom lives in mind & loves always shine.

Now there shall be no monarch prevails & no slave lives only the light of heaven prevails!

From more than 4 – 5 decades the people were living in complete closure, where no human has freedom neither of speech nor for expressions. If some one has raised the voiced against the odds her desires & lift was crushed by the owners of the dictating monarchy. In today’s world there is no place for extremism, forced rules, dictatorships. They not only ruined the country & the nativity if governed by the corrupt rulers. The globalize world does not accept the biased system of forced conventions of the self proclaimed bunch of corrupt leaders sticking their own selves on the chair of Power supported by the four legs of corruption, extremism, red tape & greed.

The 2011 has risen up with new dawn of an era which has enlightened the people of Arab World showing the path of their true objective & about their rights towards their nation at large. They have now learn about their freedom and how much it means to them. By looking at other inspiring models of vibrant, flourishing  societies of democratic countries where people live in harmony, have a freedom of speech, freedom of expression, freedom to choose their leader & if not satisfy then have right to topple the government by system. Where culture has no bar, where religion has its own freedom, where humans can live freely.

After the popular uprisings in Tunisia & Egypt the storm has now turned its direction towards Yemen, Iraq, Jordan, Syria, Iran though these countries are facing the protests & uprisings in fragmented volumes but the nation which has stormed by wind of democracy after Egypt is Bahrain. Bahraini demonstrators say they want constitutional democracy, the release of political prisoners, more jobs and housing, and removal of the prime minister, Sheikh Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa, the king’s uncle, who has been in office for 40 years. At least 300 people were wounded in the assault, several dozen seriously. A trauma surgeon from Salmaniya hospital was in an intensive care ward after being attacked at the roundabout camp, then handcuffed and repeatedly kicked in the head. In Bahrain where Sunni who are in minority rules the country & Shia who are in majority are deprived of the basic facilities & privileges. When ever there will be theological divide & in justice the voices will be raised It is the same same situation which Iraq had faced during Saddam Hussein rule.

Libya which was earlier bye passed from the effects of uprisings which topple the governments of her neighboring states first in Tunisia then in Egypt is now witnessing the same after 40 years of the strict regime of Col. Maummar Gaddafi. But Libya is on somehow at the better end as it has a flourishing economy, burgeoning GDP among African Countries, employment rates are good but even having such a strong economy it faces the rage of protesters & that is because of lack of fundamental rights given to the citizens of this country. Report shows that thousands of anti-government protesters have been on the streets of Libya’s eastern city of Benghazi, a day after demonstrations led to fatal skirmishes with the security forces. Tight controls on media and communications in Libya made it difficult to assess the extent of the violence, but unverified reports on social network sites said up to 50 people had died. Gaddafi’s opponents say they want political freedoms, respect for human rights and an end to corruption. Gaddafi says Libyans enjoy true democracy. But the question arises then why people are protecting? It just because they want a simple freedom of democracy which will not only set the benchmark but also defines the future of the people.

The effects of these uprisings or it would be better to say a revolutionary change in the regional will also brings the aftermath not only to the region but also to the world economies. After the back breaking recessionary period of 2008 – 2009 the world is recovering from the ill effects of it but have also saw the rise of inflation in terms of food, & mineral resources which not only effected the growth but also grounded the process of development. & now these crisis which will push the bubble up more increasingly by affecting the oil prices through out the world. But there is a famous saying that every change has some consequences of its own which has to be borne by the future generations.

Dictators of Africa – Part 7

Muammar Abu Minyar al-Gaddafi Libya 1969 – present

Also known simply as Colonel Gaddafi; born 7 June 1942) has been the de facto leader of Libya since a coup in 1969. From 1972, when Gaddafi relinquished the title of prime minister, he has been accorded the honorifics “Guide of the First of September Great Revolution of the Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya” or “Brotherly Leader and Guide of the Revolution” in government statements and the official press. With the death of Omar Bongo of Gabon on 8 June 2009, he became the longest serving of all current non-royal national leaders. He is also the longest-serving ruler of Libya since Libya, then Tripoli, became an Ottoman province in 1551.

Yahya Jammeh – Gambia – 1994–Present

President of Gambia. Gained power in coup d’état. Right to the press and free speech suppressed. Stood for three elections (1996, 2001, and 2006); last election deemed unfair by opposition.

Laurent-Désiré Kabila – Congo-Kinshasa – 1997–2001

President of the Democratic Republic of Congo. Overthrew Mobutu Sese Seko in coup. No elections held during ongoing, interstate First and Second Congo Wars.

Charles G. Taylor – Liberia – 1997–2003

President of Liberia 1997-2003. Elected, but widely described as a dictator. Linked to “blood diamonds” and illegal arms trading. Believed to have interfered frequently in the internal affairs of neighboring states while a warlord, before his election to the presidency.

François Bozizé – Central African Republic – 2003–present

President of the Central African Republic 2003 to date. Gained power in a coup and suspended the constitution, though he has restored some democracy.

Ely Ould Mohamed Vall – Mauritania – 2005–2007

Chairman of the Military Council for Justice and Democracy. Gained power via a military coup. Though he has said to relinquish power to an elected government in 2007.

 

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