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Posts tagged ‘Opium’

Musa Qala – Centre of Afghan Opium Trade

The district is located to the North-East of Lashkar Gah district some 130 Km (three and half-hours drive) away. To the West is New zed district, to the East is Zamindawar district, in North is Baghran district and in South is Sangin district. According to the shura the district is divided into 5 clusters (Landi Nawa, Sharega, Kunjeck Nawa, Khuja and Nedaam Nawa). The district has a total of 220 villages (20 large, 200 small villages). Musa Qala River flows into the district from its Northwest. Kanjeck Nawa is the main village and also the seat of the government departments.  Temperature reaches 30C in summer and winters are very chilly.

PROVINCE: Helmand  Geo-Code  23, DISTRICT: Musa Qala  Geo-Code  2304, Population in 1990: Setlled: 45,905, Refugees in Pakistan: 9,680, Refugees in Iran: 6,200

Ethnical Data: 100% Pashtuns (Alizai Tribe which is a section within Group of Pashtun tribes are in good majority & have strong hold in the region).

It is the hub of Afghan Opium trade in Helmand Province which a major opium producing state of Afghanistan. Being the economic backbone of Taliban & the major centre of the related activity it has always remained on frontlines with the NATO forces & Taliban militia, In 2007 the town was the epicentre of the famous & most fierced battles fought by ISAf & Afghan National Army popularly known as the battle of Musa Qala code named operation Sankepit by US Marines. It was one of the large scale war operation faught with Taliban Militia till now.  It was also the first battle where Afghan National Army was directly involved & had fought after its formation since the fall of Taliban regime. The infrastructure is in shembles & hardly any facilities are in place for the local population.

Majority of the houses are made of mud, with domed roofs, surrounded by mud walls & rest have wooden roofs. No Sanitation & Drainage system is in place. Though the area has sufficient water resources but the Water potability is a major issue. Though wells & hand pumps are being installed & contructed by few NGOs’ working there but the situation is still not normal.

The condition of Farmlands is very poor. After the prolonged drought the soil fertility has been deteoriated. Now only 30% is cultivable where before drought it was 70%. Due the shortage of irrigated water, fertilizers, seeds the agriculture is hard to revive to a booming stage. The major crops whih can be grown & supported are Wheat, Maize, Barley & Tobacco.

Even after the US Invasion & ouster of Taliban the situation is not so different. Afghans specially needs to uderstand their rights & international community have to see the actual development being done for the welfare of the local people & where the funds are being utilised. Since its been already a long suffering of the peopl of Afghanistan. And now they cannot afford to waste their blood for no good receiving little for their own betterment. Government has to have develop a policy framework where the community can be supported on a greater scale & results can be seen in minimal time period.

Drugs that can kill you

The title of this post has been named so, because the people who are addicts or take drugs occasionally not only risks their lives but also destroys the trust & confidence of their family as well as challenge the very survival of the human race. So if any one who thinks he is doing it for fun & enjoyment then kindly have look at the details below:

Heroin / Brown Sugar / Opiates: brown sugar, sugar, and stuff. Street heroin is classified numerically from 1-4.  Heroin No.4 is often called “new China white”. Heroin-cocaine combinations are referred to as “cocktail” and “speedball”.

Source: Raw opium is the dried milky juice of the opium poppy seed capsules. The juice contains the following powerful drugs: morphine (about 8-14%), narcotine ( about 2-8%), papaverine (about 0.7-3%), and thebaine (about 0.2-1%). The best-known drugs made from raw opium are heroin and morphine. Heroin is a semi-synthetic drug manufactured from morphine or opium by double acetylation. First made in 1874 and used as a very strong painkiller, it was eventually withdrawn from the market because of its habit-forming potential.

Effects: Opiatics depress the central nervous system, relieve pain, relax and induce sleep, produce respiratory depression and inhibit coughing. The body`s reaction to opiates varies, depending on a variety of factors including the person`s frequency of use.

Health Problems: Choking on one`s own vomit Circulatory collapse, Pulmonary edema, Respiratory paralysis Diarrhea, Fever, Goose flesh, Insomnia, Muscle pain Narrowing of the pupils, Nausea or vomiting Runny nose, Sweating, Tear flow, Yawning, Constipation, Inability to perform coitus, Irregular menstrual periods, Listlessness, Loss of libido, Loss of weight, Severe psychological and physical dependenc. Hepatitis and AIDS are also frequently transmitted through the use of dirty injection needles.

Hashish and Marijuana: Hash, pot, hemp, joint sticks, grass,weed, Mary Jane, shit, bhang, tea, Acapulco gold, charas, ganja, and kif.

Source: Sticky, brown powder which may have red, black and green shades Hemp flowers are resinous and sticky. When the flowers are dried and have undergone an extraction process, they produce a brownish, slightly sticky powder which has the characteristic odor of hashish. The powder is often compressed into blocks. The origin of the hashish can be easily determined. Blackish hashish comes from Nepal and Afghanistan, dark hashish from Pakistan, brown hashish from Morocco, red hashish from Lebanon, and greenish/hay-colored hashish from Turkey.

Effects: Mild euphoria, a feeling of contentment

Health Problems: Agitation, Cardiovascular effects (rapid beating of the heart, changes in blood pressure), Changes in sensory perception , Conjunctivitis, Dilated pupils, Drowsiness, Irritation , Listlessness, Nausea, Psychological dependence, Self-neglect, Risk of personality changes, Loss of contact with reality. Chromosomal damage, Impotence, Temporary sterility, Development of breasts in men , Miscarriage in women, Distruption of DNA synthesis and the immune defense system in cells leading to the death of some cells. Damage to the lungs and airways, Lasting damage to the brain, since traces of THC remain there.

Cocaine and Crack: coke,snow, flake, nose candy, white lady, Bolivian rock, toot, blow, and Mother of Pearl. Ice, ice or rock(crack)

Source: Leaves of the coca plant. Cocaine hydrochloride (cocaine HCL, the hydrochloride salt of cocaine) is produced from the leaves of the coca plant. Prime cocaine is usually 70-85% pure, while street cocaine is usually less than 25% pure. Appearance: Fine white powder Street cocaine tends to become sticky and form clumps.It has a bitter state and acts as a topical anesthetic if applied to the oral mucous membrane for an extended period of time. Crack: Small, beige rocks. The drug usually appears as beige tablets about 2 cm in diameter, which are smooth on one side and have a notch on the other side. These tablets are not taken orally but are crushed and smoked.

Effects: Ability to handle higher levels of stress, Euphoria, Heightened  awareness, Hyperactivity, Increased psychic energy, Increased self confidence, Sexual stimulation. Short-term increase in performance, Dilated pupils. Elevated body temperature, Increased blood pressure, Increased heart rate, Rapid breathing, Sleeplessness, Irritability, Depression, Chronic fatigue, Inability to concentrate, Relationship problems, Paranoia, Headaches, Nosebleeds, Decreased ability to perform work.

Health Problems: Anxiety, Destruction of the nasal membrane (if inhaled). Heightened irritability, Nausea, Paranoia, Psychoses, Restlessness, Sleeplessness, Weight loss.

Amphetamines: capilots, bumble bees, Benzedrine, Dexedrine, footballs, biphetamine, Speed, uppers, ups, hearts, black beauties, pep pills.

Source: Amphetamines and amphetamine derivatives are chemical substances based on phenylethylamines. They are synthetic psychostimulants and appetite suppressants.

Effects & Health Problems: Discomfort, Disorientation, Elevated blood pressure, Elevated heart rate, High body, Temperature, Irritation, Nervousness, Optical and acoustic hallucinations, Cerebral hemorrhage, Frequent bouts of dysphoria, Heart and circulatory failure, Neurotoxicity, Paranoid psychoses, Stroke. Increased risk of exposure to HIV, hepatitis, and other infectious diseases if injected.

Metamphetamines: Speed, meth, crank, crystal, ice, fire, croak, crypto, white cross, glass. “Ice” is the street name for the smokeable form. Some users avoid sleep 3 to 15 days.

Effects & Health Problems: Addiction, irritability, aggression, hypothermia, stroke, paranoia, psychosis, convulsions, heart and blood vessel toxicity, hallucinations, arrhythmia, formication (the sensation of insects creeping on or under your skin).

Ecstasy: XTC, Adam, MDMA. Ecstasy is popular at all-night underground parties (called raves) and is the most common designer drug.

Effects & Health Problems: Psychiatric disturbances, including panic, anxiety, depression, and paranoia. Muscle tension, nausea, blurred vision, sweating, increased heart rate, tremors, hallucinations, fainting, chills, sleep problems, and reduced appetite.

Ritalin: Speed, west coast

Effects  & Health Problems: Loss of appetite, fevers, convulsions, and severe headaches. Increased risk of exposure to HIV, hepatitis, and other infections. Paranoia, hallucinations, excessive repetition of movements and meaningless tasks, tremors, muscle twitching.

PCP: Angel dust, ozone, rocket fuel, peace pill, elephant tranquilizer, dust. Marijuana joints can be dipped into PCP without the smoker’s knowledge.

Effect & Health Problem: Hallucinations. Out-of-body experiences, impaired motor coordination, inability to feel physical pain, respiratory attack, disorientation, fear, panic, aggressive behavior. Increased risk of exposure to HIV, hepatitis, and other infectious diseases if injected. Death.

LSD (Lysergic Acid Diethyl amide): Acid, microdot, tabs, doses, trip s, hits, sugar cubes. LSD is the most common  hallucinogen. LSD tabs are often decorated with colorful designs or cartoon characters.

Effects & Health Problems: Elevated body temperature and blood pressure, suppressed appetite, sleeplessness, tremors, chronic recurring hallucinations.

Badakhshan – Gem of Afghanistan

Badakhshan is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, consisting of 28 districts. It is located in the north-east of the country, between the Hindu Kush and the Amu Darya. It is part of the Badakhshan region. Badakhshan’s name was given by the Sassanids and derives from the word badaxš (an official Sassanian title). The suffix of the name means the region belonged to someone with the title badaxš (analogous to Azerbaijan, Isfahan, Tehran, etc.). Feyzabad is the capital of Badakshan Province. Badakhshan is primarily bordered by Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province and Khatlon Province in Tajikistan to the north and east. In the east of the province a long spur called the Wakhan Corridor extends above northern Pakistan’s Chitral and Northern Areas to a border with China. The province has a total area of 44,059 km², most of which is occupied by the Hindu Kush and Pamir mountain ranges. Badakhshan was a stopover on the ancient Silk Road trading path, and China has shown great interest in the province after the fall of the Taliban, helping to reconstruct roads and infrastructure in the province.

Economy: Despite massive mineral reserves, Badakhshan is one of the most destitute areas in the world. Opium poppy growing is the only real source of income in the province and Badakhshan has one of the highest rates of maternal mortality in the world, due to the complete lack of health infrastructure, inaccessible locations, and bitter winters of the province. Recent geological surveys have indicated the location of other gemstone deposits, in particular rubies and emeralds. Exploitation of this mineral wealth could be key to the region’s prosperity.

Demographics: The population of the province is estimated at 823,000 people.The majority of them are Persian-speaking Tajiks. There are also

  • The following Pamiri languages are spoken in Badakhshan by certain populations of Tajiks:
    • Shughni
    • Munji
    • Ishkashimi
    • Wakhi
  • small Kyrgyz minorities
  • nomadic and semi-nomadic Uzbeks and Pashtuns, who migrate over long distances.

The residents of the province are largely Sunni, but many of the Tajiks who are speakers of one of the Pamiri languages in the northeastern districts of the province are Ismaili.

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